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Constitutional Glossary

There are 32 entries in this glossary.
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AFFECT', v.t. [L. afficio, affectum, of ad and facio, to make; affecto, to desire, from the same room. Affect is to make to, or upon to press upon.]
1. To act upon; to produce an effect or change upon; as, cold affects the body; loss affects our interests.
2. To act upon, or move the passions; as, affected with grief.
3. To aim at; aspire to; desire or entertain pretension to; as, to affect imperial sway. [See the etymology of Affair.]
4. To tend to by natural affinity or disposition; as, the drops of a fluid affect a spherical form.
5. To love, or regard with fondness.
Think not that wars we love and strife affect.
[This sense is closely allied to the third.]
6. To make a show of; to attempt to imitate, in a manner not natural; to study the appearance of what is not natural, or real; as, to affect to be grave; affected friendship.
It seems to have been used formerly for convict or attaint, as in Ayliffe's Parergon; but this sense is not now in use.


1. Impressing; having an effect on; touching the feelings; moving the passions; attempting a false show; greatly desiring; aspiring to possess.
2. a. Having power to excite, or move the passions; tending to move the affections; pathetic; as, an affecting address.
The most affecting music is generally the most simple.


1. The act of affirming or asserting as true; opposed to negation or denial.
2. That which is asserted; position declared as true; averment.
3. Confirmation; ratification; an establishing of what had been before done or decreed.
4. A solemn declaration made under the penalties of perjury, by persons who conscientiously decline taking an oath; which affirmation is in law equivalent to testimony given under oath.


1. Concord; harmony; conformity.
What agreement hath the temple of God with idols? 2Cor. 6.
2. Union of opinions or sentiments; as, a good agreement subsists among the members of the council.
3. Resemblance; conformity; similitude.
Expansion and duration have this farther agreement.
4. Union of minds in regard to a transfer of interest; bargain; compact; contract; stipulation.
Make an agreement with me by a present. 2Kings 18.
He made an agreement for the purchase of a house.


ALLI'ANCE, n. [Gr.; L.]
1. The relation or union between families, contracted by marriage.
2. The union between nations, contracted by compact, treaty or league.
3. The treaty, league, or compact, which is the instrument of confederacy; sometimes perhaps the act of confederating.
4. Any union or connection of interests between persons, families, states or corporations; as, an alliance between church and state.
5. The persons or parties allied; as, men or states may secure any alliances in their power.