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Constitutional Glossary

There are 32 entries in this glossary.
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Amendment

AMEND'MENT, n.
1. An alteration or change for the better; correction of a fault or faults; reformation of life, by quitting vices.
2. A word, clause or paragraph, added or proposed to be added to a bill before a legislature.
3. In law, the correction of an error in a writ or process.
Shakespeare uses it for the recovery of health, but this sense is unusual.

Amiralty

AD'MIRALTY, n. In Great Britain, the office of Lord High Admiral. This office is discharged by one person, or by Commissioners, called Lords of the Admiralty; usually seven in number.
The admiralty court, or court of admiralty, is the supreme court for the trial of maritime causes, held before the Lord High Admiral, or Lords of the admiralty.
In general, a court of admiralty is a court for the trial of causes arising on the high seas, as prize causes and the like. In the United States, there is no admiralty court, distinct from others; but the district courts, established in the several states by Congress, are invested with admiralty powers.

Apointment

APPOINT'MENT, n.
1. The act of appointing; designation to office; as, he erred by the appointment of suitable men.
2. Stipulation; assignation; the act of fixing by mutual agreement; as, they made an appointment to meet at six o'clock.
3. Decree; established order or constitution; as, it is our duty to submit to the divine appointments.
4. Direction; order; command.
Wheat, salt, wine and oil, let it be given according to the appointment of the priests. Ez. 6.
5. Equipment, furniture, as for a ship, or an army; whatever is appointed for use and management.
6. An allowance to a person; a salary or pension, as to a public officer.
An appointment differs from wages, in being a special grant, or gratification, not fixed, whereas wages are fixed and ordinary.
7. A devise or grant to a charitable use.

Appellate

APPEL'LATE, a. Pertaining to appeals; having cognizance of appeals; as "appellate jurisdiction."

Appoint

APPOINT', v.t.
1. To fix; to settle; to establish; to make fast.
When he appointed the foundations of the earth. Prov. 8.
2. To constitute, ordain, or fix by decree, order or decision.
Let Pharoah appoint officers over the land. Gen. 41.
He hath appointed a day in which he will judge the world. Act. 17.
3. To allot, assign or designate.
Aaron and his sons shall appoint every one to his service. Num 4.
These cities were appointed for all the children of Israel. Josh. 20.
4. To purpose or resolve; to fix the intention.
For so he had appointed. Acts 20.
5. To ordain, command or order.
Thy servants are ready to do whatever my Lord the King shall appoint. 2Sam. 15.
6. To settle; to fix, name or determine by agreement; as, they appointed a time and place for the meeting.