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Constitutional Glossary

There are 32 entries in this glossary.
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Appointed

APPOINT'ED, pp.
1. Fixed; set; established; decreed; ordained; constituted; allotted.
2. Furnished; equipped with things necessary; as, a ship or an army is well appointed.

Appropriation

APPROPRIA'TION, n.
1. The act of sequestering, or assigning to a particular use or person, in exclusion of all others; application to a special use or purpose; as, of a piece of ground for a park; of a right, to one's self; or of words, to ideas.
2. In law, the severing or sequestering of a benefice to the perpetual use of a spiritual corporation, sole or aggregate, being the patron of the living. For this purpose must be obtained the king's license, the consent of the bishop and of the patron. When the appropriation is thus made, the appropriator and his successors become perpetual parsons of the church, and must sue and be sued in that name.

Approve

APPROVE', v.t. [L. approbo; of ad and probo, to prove or approve. See Approbate, Prove and Proof.]
1. To like; to be pleased with; to admit the propriety of; as, we approve the measures of administration. This word may include, with the assent of the mind to the propriety, a commendation to others.
2. To prove; to show to be true; to justify.
Would'st thou approve thy constancy? Approve first thy wisdom.
[This sense, though common a century or two ago, is now rare.]
3. To experience; to prove by trial. [Not used. See Prove.]
4. To make or show to be worthy of approbation; to commend.
Jesus, a man approved of God. Acts 2.
This word seems to include the idea of Christ's real office as the Messiah, and of God's love and approbation of him in that character.
5. To like and sustain as right; to commend.
Yet their posterity approve their sayings. Ps. 49.
This word, when it signifies to be pleased, is often followed by of, in which use, it is intransitive; as, I approve of the measure. But the tendency of modern usage is to omit of. "I approve the measure."
6. To improve.

Army

'ARMY, n.
1. A collection or body of men armed for war, and organized in companies, battalions, regiments, brigades and divisions, under proper officers. In general, an army in modern times consists of infantry and cavalry, with artillery; although the union of all is not essential to the constitution of an army. Among savages, armies are differently formed.
2. A great number; a vast multitude; as an army of locusts or caterpillars. Joel 2:25.

Arrest

ARREST', v.t. [L. resto, to stop; Eng. to rest. See Rest.]
1. To obstruct; to stop; to check or hinder motion; as, to arrest the current of a river; to arrest the senses.
2. To take, seize or apprehend by virtue of a warrant from authority; as, to arrest one for debt or for a crime.
3. To seize and fix; as, to arrest the eyes or attention.
The appearance of such a person in the world, and at such a period, ought to arrest the consideration of every thinking mind.

ARREST', n.
1. The taking or apprehending of a person by virtue of a warrant from authority. An arrest is made by seizing or touching the body.
2. Any seizure, or taking by power, physical or moral.
3. A stop, hindrance or restraint.
4. In law, an arrest of judgment is the staying or stopping of a judgment after verdict, for causes assigned. Courts have power to arrest judgment for intrinsic causes appearing upon the face of the record; as when the declaration varies from the original writ; when the verdict differs materially from the pleadings; or when the case laid in the declaration is not sufficient in point of law, to found an action upon. The motion for this purpose is called a motion in arrest of judgment.
5. A mangy humor between the ham and pastern of the hind legs of a horse.