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Constitutional Glossary

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ADJOURN', v.i. To suspend business for a time; as, from one day to another, or for a longer period, usually public business, as of legislatures and courts, for repose or refreshment; as, congress adjourned at four o'clock. It is also used for the act of closing the session of a public body; as, the court adjourned without day.
It was moved that parliament should adjourn for six weeks.


1. The act of adjourning; as, in legislatures, the adjournment of one house is not an adjournment of the other.
2. The putting off till another day or time specified, or without day; that is, the closing of a session of a public or official body.
3. The time or interval during which a public body defers business; as, during an adjournment. but a suspension of business, between the forming of a house and an adjournment for refreshment, is all a recess. In Great Britain, the close of a session of parliament is called a prorogation; as the close of a parliament is a dissolution. But in Great Britain, as well as in the United States, adjournment is now used for an intermission of business, for any indefinite time; as, an adjournment of parliament for six weeks.


ADMIT'TED, pp. Permitted to enter or approach; allowed; granted; conceded.


ADOP'TION, n. [L. adoptio.]
1. The act of adopting, or the state of being adopted; the taking and treating of a stranger as one's own child.
2. The receiving as one's own, what is new or not natural.
3. God's taking the sinful children of men into his favor and protection.
Adoption of arms, an ancient ceremony of presenting arms to one for his merit or valor, which laid the person under an obligation to defend the giver.
Adoption by baptism is the spiritual affinity which is contracted by god-fathers and god-children, in the ceremony of baptism. It was introduced into the Greek church, and afterwards among the ancient Franks. This affinity was supposed to entitle the god-child to a share of the god-father's estate.
Adoption by hair was performed by cutting off the hair of a person and giving it to the adoptive father. Thus Pope John VIII adopted Boson, king of Arles.
Adoption by matrimony is the taking the children of a wife or husband, by a former marriage, into the condition of natural children. This is a practice peculiar to the Germans; but is not so properly adoption as adfiliation.
Adoption by testament is the appointing of a person to be heir, by will, or condition of his taking the name, arms, &c. of the adopter.
In Europe, adoption is used for many kinds of admission to a more intimate relation, and is nearly equivalent to reception; as, the admission of persons into hospitals, or monasteries, or of one society into another.


ADVI'CE, n. [L. viso, to see, to visit.]
1. Counsel; an opinion recommended, or offered, as worthy to be followed.
What advice give ye? 2Ch. 10.

With good advice make war. Prov. 20.
We may give advice, but we cannot give conduct.
2. Prudence; deliberate consideration.
3. Information; notice; intelligence; as, we have late advices from France.
To take advice, is to consult with others.