Thursday 21 June 2018
Search - Content
Search SEO Glossary
Contact Us


Search for glossary terms (regular expression allowed)
Begin with Contains Exact termSounds like
All A B C D E F G H I J K L M O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

On 14 August 1607, the Plymouth Company put a settlement on the Sagadahoc River, but the colonists abandoned it in September 1608. In 1622 the Council of New England (successor to the Plymouth Company) authorized grants to persons who would settle Maine. English fishing or trading outposts were built on the Saco River and Casco Bay during 1623–5, and the Pilgrims built a trading post for the fur trade on the Kennebec River. Sir Fernando Gorges assumed the Plymouth Company's claim to the area and obtained a royal charter as proprietor of the “Province of Maine,” but was unable to prevent Massachusetts from annexing the settlements on 31 May 1652 and organizing them as York County. In 1677 Gorges's heir sold to Mass. his claims to Maine.
The Maine settlements suffered heavy losses in King Philip's War, King William's War, and Queen Anne's War. Dummer's War removed the Abnaki Indians, who were the principal barrier to settling the interior. The French and Indians also raided Maine in King George's War and the Seven Years' War. In the Revolutionary War, Maine was the site of 29 military actions on land and six at sea. Its frontier expanded sharply between 1770 and 1800, when population grew from 31,257 to 151,719. By 1800, 90 percent of its people were of English-Welsh stock.
From 1790 to 1820, much violence resulted from the uncertain state of real estate ownership, as rival speculators and land companies dispossessed farmers from their land. On 15 March 1820, Maine became the 23rd state as part of the Missouri Compromise. It disestablished the Congregational church in 1820. The Aroostook War flared up from disputes over its disputed boundary with Canada, which were resolved by the Webster–Ashburton Treaty. Maine became the first state to enact Prohibition in 1851.
From 1800 to 1860, its population grew by 314 percent to 628,279, of which all but 1,327 were white and 6 percent were foreign-born; it ranked 22nd in population among the states, 26th in the value of its farmland and livestock, and 14th in manufactures. It furnished 70,107 USA troops in the Civil War (including 104 blacks).
Population growth stagnated after 1860, and from then to 1900 the number of residents rose just 11 percent. In 1900 it had 694,466 inhabitants, who were 56 percent rural, 99 percent white, and 13 percent foreign-born; it ranked 30th among states in population, 33rd in the value of its agricultural goods, and 21st in manufactures. Its textile industry declined after 1910, while food processing grew significantly. After 1950, tourism became important. To settle a lawsuit claiming title to 19,530 square miles (58 percent of Maine) bought in violation of the Indian Trade Intercourse Act (1790), tribal groups extinguished their aboriginal title in return for 469 square miles (valued at $54,500,000) and a $27,000,000 trust fund. Maine suffered a net loss by out-migration in every decade after 1910 and ranked as the 38th largest state by 1990; it had 1,227,928 inhabitants (98 percent white, 1 percent Hispanic, 1 percent Asian or Indian), of whom 36 percent were urban and 3.0 percent were foreign-born. Manufacturing and mining employed 27 percent of workers.