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Emancipation Proclamation

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Emancipation Proclamation

On 22 July 1862, Abraham Lincoln presented to his cabinet a draft of an executive order freeing slaves in CSA areas under Union control, which might cause the south to reconsider secession and deter foreign recognition of the Confederacy. Waiting for a Union victory to make the declaration credible, on 22 September, soon after Antietam, he threatened to free all slaves in areas not under USA control. On 1 January 1863, Lincoln issued his Emancipation Proclamation, as a “fit and necessary war measure,” declared free all slaves in areas yet in rebellion, and authorized the military to enroll them, but enjoined slaves to wait peacefully for liberation. The proclamation left unfree 800,000 slaves in Del., Md., Ky., Mo., Tenn., and parts of Va. and La.