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judicial review

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judicial review

In the United States, the principle that the federal courts have the right to determine the constitutionality of state and federal laws was first applied regarding a state statute in Ware v. Hylton and first applied concerning federal legislation in Hylton v. United States. The Supreme Court first explicitly declared that judicial review was an integral part of its powers in Marbury v. Madison.  In a more general sense, the power of the judiciary to supervise legislation and to nullify anything inconsistent with more basic law, such as a constitution or, in some cases, natural law.