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Historical Glossary

There are 197 entries in this glossary.
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Sabotage Act

(20 April 1918)    This law forbade obstruction of the US war effort in World War I by destroying property or interfering with the production or shipment of military supplies. It was largely aimed at radical labor unions, like the Industrial Workers of the World, who might strike to block war production. There were 10 arrests for anti-US sabotage.

Sacco and Vanzetti trial

On 14 July 1921, Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti received death sentences for the murder on 15 April of a paymaster and guard at a shoe factory in South Braintree, Mass. Because the evidence against them was circumstantial and the jury may have been prejudiced by frequent mention of their radical political beliefs, the verdict was widely condemned as a miscarriage of justice. Governor Alvan Fuller ordered the trial record examined by a special committee, which declared the verdict fair. When the two were executed on 23 August, the act received widespread denunciation in the US and overseas as a political lynching. Whether they were guilty or innocent has never been resolved.

Sackett's Harbor, battle of (N.Y.)

On 29 May 1813, Brigadier General Jacob Brown's 650 US regulars and 500 N.Y. militia repulsed an amphibious raid by Sir George Prevost's 1,200 British. US losses: 160 killed, wounded. British losses: 260 killed, wounded.

Sacramento, battle of (Mexico)

On 28 February 1847, Colonel Alexander W. Doniphan's First Missouri Regiment (940 men) defeated General Garcia Conde's 2,820 Mexican soldiers and 1,000 rancheros. US losses: 2 dead, 7 wounded. Mexican losses: 300 killed, 500 wounded. Having ended the chance of Mexican invasion from Chihuahua, Doniphan left Mexico.

Sagadahoc (Maine)

On 14 August 1607, Sir George Popham and Raleigh Gilbert led 120 men to the Sagadahoc (lower Kennebec) River and built Fort St George for the Plymouth Company. The colony suffered from lack of strong leadership. Popham died on 5 February 1608, and the settlers abandoned the fort in September 1608.