إعرف دستورهم | الأزهر The constitution on al-Azhar
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إعرف دستورهم | الأزهر The constitution on al-Azhar

October 16, 2019


Ibrahim El Houdaiby, political researcher Article 4 of the Constitution – about Al-Azhar – poses a serious danger to religion in Egypt. This is because Al-Azhar is deemed to be the most important scholarly institution in the Muslim World. It is the institution that has safeguarded the cumulative scholarship of the Sunni branch of Islam. There is a serious problem when the article related to Al-Azhar is drafted in this way. Firstly, it states that the Shaikh Al-Azhar cannot be dismissed. If this means the state is unable to dismiss him, this is a positive thing. But when he cannot be dismissed by Al-Azhar itself, by the Senior Ulama, the institution he represents this becomes an aberration. This renders the Grand Shaikh more powerful than the institution of Al-Azhar as a whole. This is a very dangerous matter. Secondly, the law that regulates the selection of the Shaikh Al-Azhar is drafted by the People’s Assembly. This means that if the People’s Assembly is not satisfied with Shaikh Al-Azhar it can amend his law, changing eligibility criteria and, therefore, making the current Shaikh Al-Azhar ineligible for the position he occupies. Therefore this means that the People’s Assembly will be able to interfere with the appointment of the Shaikh Al-Azhar by barring certain individuals from the position. The article appears to grant Al-Azhar independence, and it does, but the devil’s in the details. The details are that the Shaikh Al-Azhar is independent from Al-Azhar, but not from the state and this renders him more powerful than Al-Azhar. So we’ll have, 1, the state’s ability to interfere with the Al-Azhar and this is not acceptable in religion. Politics corrupts any theological issues it interferes with In order to protect the Azhar scholarly tradition, it should be shielded from state interference And 2, that this situation will render Al-Azhar a political battlefield for the various Islamic ideologies and sects This is a very serious matter that will negatively affect Al-Azhar Al-Azhar is already in a disadvantaged position If we want to protect it, we should not include it in this political warfare and we should allow it to focus on its main role of educating and scholarship. I empathise with the position Al-Azhar is currently in And I understand it needs time to effect internal reform. But we cannot legalize a situation in which the state can interfere in its affairs when the Senior Ulama, the highest scholarly entity, elected by all ulama from every school, has no power to dismiss the Shaikh Al-Azhar even if he acted in a way the entire institution found wrong, so long as the state supports him. People talk about bringing religion into politics, but this does the opposite – it inserts politics into the heart of religion. this allows the state to decide what the Shaikh Al-Azhar can or cannot say. Nothing threatens theological scholarship more than this. I have a lot of respect for Al-Azhar’s history, tradition, and as an institution but there has been some deeply disappointing decision-making on the part of Al-Azhar in recent years. The previous Grand Shaikh called himself a ‘civil servant’ we saw his position on Shimon Peres and we saw him ordering a young girl to remove her face veil He took many terrible positions. This only happened because the state appoints the Shaikh Al-Azhar and herefore has an effect on his decision-making. The independent Al-Azhar, which the state cannot interfere with is capable of correcting the state if it wrongs. Now, the debate around the Constitution is being framed as being one about sharia and this is a highly inaccurate representation. The debate is between those who believe that people have the right to govern themselves and those who believe that the people just lease the country to someone to govern it for 4 years after which they can extended the contract if he turns out OK, or terminate it…after 4 years. But during those 4 years of office, the people have no right to interfere in the decision-making process in their country. Subtitles by the Amara.org community

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  1. المادة مقلتش ان شيخ الازهر لايمكن عزله من الازهر , ليه ميكنش عدم جواز العزل من قبل رئيس الجمهورية نفسه او الدولة

  2. سؤال جَد: هو لما مجلس الشعب يكون هومن يستطيع إصدار القوانين جميعا بما فيها قانون تعيين شيخ الأزهر, أين تدخل الدولة؟؟َ!!
    حتي إذا كنت أنت معترض علي هذا, لكن أين تدخل الدولة؟ من معلوماتي الضعيفة, مجلس الشعب يمثل الشعب و ليس الدولة.. و هو من يحاسب الدولة!!
    شكراً جزيلاً

  3. انا مش فاهم أي حاجة!
    واللي مش فاهمه بجد طالما فيه مثقفين وليكو آراء تحترم، ليه ما ساهمتوش بيها في الجمعية !!! الجمعية كان ناقص توطي على ايد الناس شاركوا بآراءكو!
    انتم اللي غلطانين

  4. غير قابل للعزل من الدوله ..اما من الازهر فنعم يا متعلم يا بتاع المدارس

  5. كلام مهم جدا و يثبت فشل مرسي في تحمل المسؤولية التاريخية لدوره
    نحيي مصرين على سلسلة الفيديوهات المهمة جدا و الضرورية في تفسير الغمغمة القانونية التي طالما اعتدت على حقوقنا
    آنا بصراحة لما قرأت الدستور لم اقهم كم هو مسيء فعلا لمصر و للمصريين
    حتى هذه السلسلة
    كل الاحترام

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