3rd September 1783: Treaty of Paris ends the American Revolutionary War
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3rd September 1783: Treaty of Paris ends the American Revolutionary War

November 19, 2019

Hello, and welcome to HistoryPod. On 3 September 1783 the Treaty of Paris, which
ended the American Revolutionary War, was signed by representatives of King George III
of Great Britain and representatives of the United States of America. The American Revolutionary War, also known
as the American War of Independence, began on 19 April 1775 between Great Britain and
her Thirteen Colonies that had declared independence as the United States of America. The conflict lasted for over eight years from
its first shot to the signing of the Treaty. The Americans, having formed an alliance with
France in 1778, had accepted the surrender of British troops under Charles Cornwallis
on 17 October 1781. This resulted from the decisive victory at
Yorktown by a combined force of American troops led by General George Washington and French
Army troops under the Comte de Rochambeau. A vote of ‘no confidence’ in the British
government under Lord North soon led to the creation of a new government that began peace
negotiations in April 1782. By the end of the summer the Americans had
begun to negotiate directly with the British Prime Minister, Lord Shelburne, a move that
forced France to agree a separate peace with Britain and which had the effect of weakening
the relationship between the two allies. The Treaty was drafted on 30 November, 1782
and signed the following year. It formally recognised that the United States
would be free, sovereign, and independent. The land granted under the agreement to the
United States by Britain has subsequently been described as “exceedingly generous”. However, in an excellent piece of diplomatic
prediction by Lord Shelburne, this went on to provide Britain with a fast-growing and
lucrative trading partner.

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