Authoritarianism: The political science that explains Trump
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Authoritarianism: The political science that explains Trump

September 14, 2019


“He’s a war hero because he was captured.
I like people who weren’t captured ok? I hate to tell you.” The 2016 Republican presidential nominee disregards
the norms of adult behavior. He disregards the norms of American democracy
as we know it. “It should be heartbreaking to every American
that we have a frontrunner who suggests there will be a religious test for anybody that
wishes to come to our shores.” He’s so unusual, his rhetoric at times so
extreme, that political experts and commentators were blindsided by his rise. “We better be ready for the fact that he might be leading the republican ticket.” [Laughter] “I know you don’t believe that” How did Donald Trump attract such broad support
within the Republican party? And what does it mean for the US, beyond this election? And it turns out that this is
a question that can be answered to a really surprising extent via this niche field of
political science. It developed a theory about what’s called authoritarianism. We’re not talking about dictatorships here.
Authoritarianism is a term political scientists use for a worldview that values order and
authority, and distrusts outsiders and social change. And when authoritarians feel threatened, they
look for strongman leaders. Leaders who are punitive, who target
out-groups and have a simple, forceful leadership style that makes them feel strong. And if
you were going to grow that candidate in a lab… “I’m going to bomb the shit out of
them.” He would look a lot like Donald Trump. “When you get these terrorists, youhave to take out their families. They care about their lives. Don’t kid yourself. But they say they don’t care about their lives. You have to take out their families. Authoritarianism is not, in an of itself,
necessarily a partisan issue. For most of this country’s history, authoritarians
were likely divided between the two parties. But now, only one of the parties really appeals
to them. What happened was the Republican party
started to embrace what it referred to as traditional values, and it stood against a
series of major social changes in this country. After initially supporting civil rights, Republicans
began courting southern white voters who opposed racial integration. They turned against the
Equal Rights Amendment, denounced abortion, and later, fought against same-sex marriage. Our nation must enact a Constitutional
amendment to protect marriage in America. More recently, foreign threats like terrorism
have become major political issues, with Republicans taking positions that align with authoritarian
fears and preferences. 2002 headline: Republicans get a bonus from
War on Terrorism So Marc Hetherington and Jonathan Weiler,
two political scientists. They tracked data over several decades, and they found that
authoritarian voters were shifting into the Republican Party. So that means that when
authoritarians become scared, when they become activated by a particular social change or
issue, the Republican Party can’t ignore them. And they are a ready-made constituency
for a candidate like Donald Trump. Are you going to have a massive deportation force? “You’re going to have a deportation force.” “’d bring back waterboarding. And I’d bring back a hell of a lot worse than waterboarding.” Testing people for authoritarianism is a bit
tricky. You can’t just ask people, you know, ‘Are you really freaked out by social change?
Do racial differences unsettle you? ‘Do you support strongman leaders?’ because
those are very sensitive questions and people won’t necessarily answer them honestly. So instead, political scientists ask people
about something more neutral: their parenting preferences. Please tell me which one you think is more important for a child to have: independence, or respect
for elders? Obedience or self-reliance? These questions seem like they’re about
raising children, but really what they’re asking people is how much they value order
and authority. So when political scientists tested these 4 parenting questions against the behaviors
they knew authoritarians exhibited, they found out that the correlation was very close. It was very predictive, at least for white voters. Using this 4-question test, Vox worked with
Morning Consult in February to poll a large sample of likely voters. Our results yielded a few really interesting things. The first one was that, yes, scoring
high on the authoritarianism questions was very predictive of support for Trump. A political science PhD student named Matthew
MacWilliams has found similar results. He’s done 2 polls, both of which found that authoritarianism is not only strongly
predictive of Trump support, but that it seems to do a better job of predicting it than virtually
any other factor. We also looked at what authoritarian voters
are afraid of. On things like gun violence, or car accidents, or prescription drugs, there wasn’t a huge difference between authoritarians and nonauthoritarians. But
when it came to threats associated with people, and particularly foreign people, authoritarians
were much more afraid. And we identified policies that authoritarians
were more likely to support. So authoritarians were much more likely to say for instance that the United States
should use force rather than diplomacy when dealing with countries that threaten our interests
overseas. And they were much more likely to want to sacrifice civil liberties in exchange
for safety. “I want surveillance of certain mosques,
ok? If that’s ok. I want surveillance.” It’s a set of priorities that doesn’t
always align with the Republican establishment. They don’t seem to have that much
interest in small government. And they definitely don’t seem particularly interested in shrinking entitlements like Social Security or Medicaid. This theory doesn’t fully explain the Trump
phenomenon — researchers will probably study this election for decades. But what it tells us is that he’s benefitted from a larger shift in this country – one that goes beyond any
one candidate. Trump isn’t just a fluke. He’s not somebody who is just doing well because he had name recognition or was a famous TV star. This is a large group of people. They want these things. And they’re going to be looking for politicians
who can give it to them. And that means that Donald Trump could be just the first of many Trumps in American politics.

Only registered users can comment.

  1. Conglomerates supported Trump so they could go to war for tax free profit(Oil). Tax War and give peace a chance. The US just has to pay for it not get any benefits from it…. unless you count hate an asset.

  2. What does it mean???? IT means The left will lie, accuse Him of what they are guilty of…. And we the country Got The Best President America has EVER had. Thank God !!!! Lesson Learned: We can never let the Left have control again.

  3. There is a Trump painting on German ebay for 1.225.000 € Germans in Germany are worshipping Donald Trump as God! Video is on my chanel or you can find it on German ebay.

  4. Lmao, Trump is not even close to authoritarian, I say the opposite is true. Now If you all were calling the Democrats and Neocons out for their authoritarianism, you would've hit the nail right on the head.

  5. That is because TRUMP IS AMERICA. Stop trying to make him seem like he is an outsider. He represents Americanism.

  6. No. What's happening is the left keeps pushing the Overton Window in one direction and then labels people who stay in place "extremists".

    In the early 2000's, Amnesty was basically completely off the table. Of COURSE people who came here illegally were subject to deportation. Of COURSE people who overstayed their visas are subject to deportation. Open borders, as a concept, was laughed off the stage.

    Fast forward to today. Trump states the blatantly obvious: Muslims are vastly overrepresented in terrorist attacks and limiting their entry would reduce terrorist attacks. Walls are effective and borders are necessary. Many people on welfare are there because they're lazy leeches who think they can get away with it. Democrats want Amnesty and Open Borders to get more votes because their base is the coalition of non-whites (and some white women and other sexual and religious minorities).

    He's cast as "authoritarian" because he cuts through the stuffy conventions of the political class (that they think define "adult behavior" but really are just liars). The establishment is a class who have made their living by telling people what they want to hear and promising kickbacks and handouts to their constituency.

  7. They are conflating race and culture. People don’t have a problem with your race just your culture.

  8. We've had authoritarianism before Trump. Trump is just more open about it, which disturbs the elite class.

  9. Great video. Do some pro trump videos. O, the dnc paid vox 200 million dollars 💵. Can’t do that

  10. Hey VOX are you going to do a report on Obama when this Sypgate house of cards tumbles, ps Barr has opened the widow and it is windy

  11. at 5:08 look at the graph to the right. if Authoritarians tended to be Trump supporters… oh the irony

  12. Someone should explain to me how socialism isn't authoritarianism. You're forced to pay into the system via taxes for their welfare programs to work. If you don't pay up you are sent to jail.

  13. As an Anarchist I agree that trump is too populist and authoritarian, but I find this channel hypocritical as it promotes a more authoritarian ideology

  14. I have the answer. Trump won because he's not a politician. Boom… When Trump comes out at every rally you should hear hulk Hogan's music background…. Hey libtardos it's in the first two lines. Sing it with me now. I am a real American, I fight for the right of EVERY MAN!

  15. In the beginning, was Trump talking about Indian captured pilot in the beginning that was taken as a hero in India,

  16. VOX (and other liberals) support the government crushing their political position, they do it all the time. Authoritarianism only becomes bad to liberals when they're on the receiving end of it, never when their dishing it out.

  17. Oh Voz you're so patetic.
    Even i'm being against any government you're the authoriarians.
    you're who most want to censor anyone who thinks different than you.

    Shut up.
    And put your tail beetwen your legs.
    You deserve nothing.

  18. The only authoritarianism in America is the left, who seek to silence any and all dissent. Let's be honest for a second. The ONLY reason the left opposes Trump is because he does not support their desire to enslave Americans in the living death that is socialism. You know it; I know it. 150 million dead is not enough to satisfy the socialists of the world. No, those death worshippers demand more.

  19. the people that didnt know it was coming now have the explanation for why it happened, only to support their own world view…

  20. Wow… social science is so full of mumbo jumbo these days.
    How do curiosity and good manners oppose each other? Same with being considerate "vs" well-behaved?
    And isn't Trump the guy, who is considered NOT being well-behaved, NOT having good manners and NOT giving enough respect (McCain, women etc…)?
    So it seems, that just on the contrary, Trump is the guy who succesfully tickles the antiauthoritarian spine of his voters, by acting as the rebel against the established authorities and the political correctness, they demand from everyone.

  21. Thank you for this video. I'm a social psychologist (one of my specialities is obedience and resistance to authority) and I agree very much with what was said.

  22. Doing a Progressive Tax on (Just) the “Greedy Part” of Wealth & Conservatively Spending (Just it) on Social Programs gets us a “Stable Society” (the “True Creator” of All Wealth!!) AND we do it with “Direct Democracy” where WE Directly Propose, Enact & Enforce “Merit Based Standardized” Laws & “Money” isn’t a factor!! – "Like" this so we all See & Do this!!

  23. To say authoritarianism is a philosophy of the Right is a fallacy. The Left has Authoritarian philosophies of its own, historically authoritarians existed at the same time and to this day, on both sides of the isle. If you look at Hitler, an authoritarian on the Right, the direct parallel would be Stalin, then later, Mao, who politically was Left.

    Using your own definition of order and authority, the Left has policies they’re pushing today that use the government to try and force culturally and social change on people who don’t wish it, but at the same time would resist, violently, social changes the Right would try to push. Which in turn creates your other condition of distrust in outsiders. If you don’t believe that the Left can be as authoritative as the Right, how many Trump supporters are you friends with? If the answer is ‘a few’, you distrust outsiders just as much, considering 64million people voted for the man.

    Pinpointing extremists on the Left is hard to do when the tent is so large. There is no idea so out there that isn’t a nonstarter on the progressive Left, like there is on the conservative Right. What I mean by that is, if you’re a white supremacist, or think that segregation is correct, you’re an outsider (and rightly so), but find me a thought or group who identifies as Left politically that is an outsider, that their ideas are so crazed that you wouldn’t even begin to listen to them, there isn’t one.

    This was probably a waste of time considering it was a YouTube comment 🤷🏻‍♂️

  24. "Fear & Hate" spread by Trump and like-minded people made him elected.
    Something similar has happened in India in 2014 and 2019.

    You are not alone(dumbfucks), America. There are similar people resides in India too who hates other religions except Hindus.

    Where have we come to? Yuck!!

  25. By the test, I am not authoritarian…I just think it makes logical sense for us to be more closed off right now with our borders, considering how often we get terrorists attacking our citizens anyway???

  26. GO ASK UR MOTHER ARE YOU BORN FOR ONE FATHER OR NOT GO BUY FOR UR MAMA JAPANESE PENTIST LOOK NICE TRUMP..

  27. Just remember that the things that come out of trumps mouth that “shock” you are the same things that ~50% of this country are thinking.

  28. Yes, and what I like about Trump is that he wants to listen to the Citizens of the USA FIRST. He is not doing what Cuba and Venezuela and what Europe did to their countries and look at what they are going thru now.

  29. Who’s better?
    Barack Obama-Like (don’t be racist)
    Donald Trump-Comment (don’t comment just because he’s white)
    And please don’t Like without a reason!

  30. According to Russia's foreign strategy that Russia must spread Anti-Americanism and Anti-Westernism everywhere: "the main 'scapegoat' will be precisely the U.S and the West."

    In the United States:

    "Russia should use its Intelligent services within the borders of the United States to fuel instability and separatism, for instance, provoke "Afro-American racists". Russia should "introduce geopolitical disorder into internal American activity, encouraging all kinds of separatism and ethnic, social and racial conflicts, actively supporting all dissident movements – extremist, racist, and sectarian groups, thus destabilizing internal political processes in the U.S. It would also make sense simultaneously to support isolationist tendencies in American politics."

    P.S. Trump does just like that. Russian spy in the White House. According to one anonymous Russian special agent that Trump's victory in a presidential election was the greatest Russian espionage operation that was ever performed in the US.

  31. I am not a Trump supporter, nor a Conservative, Republican, or Libertarian. But i would certainly question this study's validity and the video's foreboding conclusion. As Andrew Yang has pointed out, states that lost 4 million jobs to automation- Michigan, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Wisconsin, Missouri, Iowa, were all swing states that gave Trump the presidency. There are millions of US workers out of work and desperate that could use to depend on factory jobs to provide them a middle class life style. Hillary Clinton ignored these people and instead focused on "diversity" and special interest groups. Trump, who I believe is a conman, offered these people some kind of hope, unlike the Democrats who ignored him or even scorned them. It's nor surprise than that they should support him.

  32. Whattt not even 1500 people took the survey and they are applying it to all voters of America!!??!?!? And the words that they used to describe how the raising of kids could mean different things to different people. Also many people raise their kids haces on their culture or religion. Soo this vidoe just confuses me?

  33. it is a good start, but the there is still a level of whitewashing that will insure that Trump will get second term.

  34. I call BS all totalitarian governments in the past have been from the left. Hitler even stated that national socialism was based on communism. Additionally the one common thread that they all share is they want to take the guns away from the populous. This is the primary reason why the founding fathers added the Second Amendment to the Constitution.

  35. How did Mr. Donald Trump attract American voters? How? Because of Christians' PRAYERS across America. Authoritarianism is better compare to TOO MUCH DEMOCRACY. YOU READ THE BIBLE SO YOU WILL BE ABLE TO KNOW DONALD TRUMP.

  36. If wanting a national ID makes you an Authoritarian all countries outside the USA and the UK are authoritarian! It's a ridiculous point !

  37. Has anyone done a study on, the prevalence in voters minds the viewpoint that, I will vote for anyone whose name is not Clinton. How responsible are the Democratic Party’s big wig decision makers for Trump winning the presidency? Just asking.
    🌲🌝☘️

  38. The sad-faced lady should consider that authoritarians got Trump elected because the other normal politicians did so SHITTILY !!

  39. This just supported my idea that the problem in America is not Trump. The problem are these guys who need someone to lead them in executing their agenda. And in any society, there must be such a guy which makes the future scary.

  40. Well and isn’t that authoritarianism good for America? I mean the guy knows how to deal with the economy more than any other president…. and a country need a functional and strong economy to grow.

  41. This video is wrong. Authorization is determined on how they do things. Not determined by what policies you support and don’t support. Democrats are still authoritarian. The parties haven’t switched at all.

  42. Nah. They polled "likely voters" which is another way of saying … old white people.
    We are grateful that most of them are already dead, dying and will be non-voters by the 2020 election.
    The 2020 election WILL NOT have that vast "Babyboomer" generation as its primary impetus …
    just a few sad, lonely, just-coming-into-middleage whites who have become the minority demographic in America.

  43. The reason you watch this brainwashing channel stuff is because they tell you what you would like to believe, but they are just using you to make money.

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