constituição federal para concursos – Art. 101 a 133
Articles Blog

constituição federal para concursos – Art. 101 a 133

October 27, 2019


OF THE SUPREME FEDERAL COURT Article 101. The Supreme Federal Court is composed of
of eleven Ministers, chosen from among citizens over thirty five and under sixty
and five years old, of remarkable legal knowledge and unblemished reputation. Single paragraph. The Ministers of the Supreme
Federal Court shall be appointed by the President of the Republic, after the choice of
by the absolute majority of the Federal Senate. Article 102. It is incumbent upon the Supreme Federal Court,
precipitously the guard of the Constitution, fitting it: I – sue and judge originally: a) the direct action of unconstitutionality
federal or state law or regulatory act and the declaratory action of constitutionality
federal law or regulatory act; (Essay by Constitutional Amendment No. 3 of
1993) (b) in ordinary criminal offenses, the President
of the Republic, the Vice-President, the members of the National Congress, their own Ministers
and the Attorney General of the Republic; c) common criminal offenses and crimes
of responsibility, the Ministers of State and the Army Navy Commanders
and Aeronautics, except as provided in art. 52, I, the members of the Superior Courts,
of the Court of Auditors of the Union and the heads of of a permanent diplomatic mission;
(Wording given by the Constitutional Amendment No. 23 of 1999) d) habeas corpus, being patient any
of the persons referred to in the previous subparagraphs; the writ of mandamus and habeas data against
acts of the President of the Republic, of the of the House of Representatives and the Federal Senate,
the Court of Auditors of the Union, the Prosecutor General of the Republic and the Supreme Court itself
Federal; e) the dispute between a foreign State or
international body and the Union, the State, the Federal District or the Territory; f) the causes and conflicts between the Union
and the states, the Union and the Federal District, or between each other, including their
indirect management entities; g) extradition requested by a foreign State; h) (Repealed by Constitutional Amendment no.
45, 2004) (i) habeas corpus, where the coater is a court
Superior or when the coactor or the patient is an authority or official whose acts
are subject directly to the jurisdiction Federal Supreme Court, or in the case of
subject to the same jurisdiction in a single instance; (Wording given by Amendment
22 of 1999) j) criminal review and termination action
of their judged; l) the claim for the preservation of
its competence and guarantee of the authority of their decisions; m) the execution of judgment in the causes of
its original competence, made available to delegation of duties to practice
of procedural acts; n) the action in which all members of the judiciary
are directly or indirectly interested, and one in which more than half of the members
of the court of origin are prevented or are directly or indirectly interested; o) conflicts of competence between the Superior
Court of Justice and any courts, between Superior Courts, or between these
and any other court; p) the request for injunctive relief
rights of unconstitutionality; q) the injunction, when the preparation
regulatory standard is the attribution President of the Republic, Congress
National, House of Representatives, Senate Federal, from the Tables of one of these Legislative Houses,
of the Court of Auditors of one of the Superior Courts, or the Supreme Himself
Federal court; r) actions against the National Council of
Justice and against the National Council of the Ministry Public; (Included by the Constitutional Amendment
No. 45 of 2004) II – judge by ordinary appeal: (a) habeas corpus, the writ of mandamus,
habeas data and the injunction decided only by the Superior Courts,
if the decision is denied; b) the political crime; III – judge, by extraordinary appeal,
cases decided on a sole or last resort, when the contested decision: a) contradict provision of this Constitution; b) declare the unconstitutionality of a treaty
or federal law; c) deem valid law or act of local government
contested in the face of this Constitution. d) judge valid local law contested in
federal law face. (Included by the Amendment 45 of 2004) Paragraph 1. The allegation of non-compliance with
fundamental precept arising from this Constitution, will be assessed by the Federal Supreme Court,
in the form of the law. (Transformed from paragraph only in § 1 by the Constitutional Amendment
No 3 of 3/17/93) Paragraph 2. Final decisions on the merits,
by the Federal Supreme Court, in direct actions of unconstitutionality
and in declaratory actions of constitutionality will produce effectiveness against all and effect
with respect to other bodies of the Judiciary and the administration
direct and indirect public service at the federal, state and municipal. (Wording given by
Constitutional Amendment No. 45 of 2004) Paragraph 3. In the extraordinary appeal the appellant
demonstrate the general repercussions of constitutional issues discussed in the case,
under the law in order that the Court examine the admission of the appeal and may only
reject it for the manifestation of two thirds of its members. (Included by the Constitutional Amendment
No. 45 of 2004) Art. 103. They may propose the direct action of
unconstitutionality and declaratory action Constitutionality: (Wording given by the
Constitutional Amendment No. 45 of 2004) I – the President of the Republic; II – the Federal Senate Board; III – the Chamber of the Chamber of Deputies; IV the Bureau of the Legislative Assembly or
Federal District Legislative Chamber; (Essay Constitutional Amendment No. 45 of
2004) V the Governor of State or Federal District;
(Wording given by the Constitutional Amendment No. 45 of 2004) VI – the Attorney General of the Republic; VII – The Federal Council of the Bar Association
of Brazil; VIII – political party with representation
at the National Congress; IX – trade union confederation or entity of
nationwide class. Paragraph 1. The Attorney General of the Republic shall
be previously heard in unconstitutionality actions and in all processes of competence of the
Federal Court of Justice. Paragraph 2. Declared unconstitutionality by
omission of measure to make the standard effective constitutionally, the Power will be made aware
competent for the adoption of the measures necessary and, in the case of an organ
to do so in thirty days. Paragraph 3 When the Federal Supreme Court considers
the unconstitutionality, in theory, of legal act or normative act, will cite previously
the Advocate General of the Union, who will defend the contested act or text. Paragraph 4 (Repealed by the Constitutional Amendment
No. 45 of 2004) Art. 103-A. The Federal Supreme Court may,
of office or provocation by decision two-thirds of its members, after repeated
decisions on constitutional matters, approve summary that from its publication
in the official press will have binding effect in relation to the other organs of the
Judiciary and public administration direct and indirect, at the federal, state
as well as to review them or cancellation as set out in
law. (Included by the Constitutional Amendment No. 45 of 2004) Paragraph 1. The purpose of the summary shall be the validity,
the interpretation and effectiveness of standards which there is controversy about
between judicial bodies or between these and the public administration that entails
serious legal uncertainty and relevant multiplication cases on the same issue. (Included
Constitutional Amendment No. 45 of 2004) Paragraph 2 Without prejudice to what may be established
by law, the approval, review or cancellation may be caused by those
that can propose the direct action of unconstitutionality. (Included by Constitutional Amendment No.
45, 2004) Paragraph 3 – Administrative act or judicial decision
contrary to the applicable precedent or improperly applied, there will be a complaint
to the Federal Supreme Court that, judging it it shall annul the administrative act
or terminate the court decision sought, and determine that another be given with
or without the application of the scoresheet, as the case. (Included by the Constitutional Amendment
No. 45 of 2004) Article 103b. The National Council of Justice
It is composed of 15 (fifteen) members with of two (2) years, admitted one (1) renewal,
Of which: (Wording given by the Constitutional Amendment No. 61 of 2009) I – the President of the Supreme Federal Court;
(Wording given by the Constitutional Amendment No. 61 of 2009) II a Minister of the High Court of Justice,
appointed by the court concerned; (Included Constitutional Amendment No. 45 of 2004) III a Minister of the High Labor Court,
appointed by the court concerned; (Included Constitutional Amendment No. 45 of 2004) IV a judge of the Court of Justice,
appointed by the Federal Supreme Court; (Included Constitutional Amendment No. 45 of 2004) V a state judge, appointed by the Supreme
Federal court; (Included by the Constitutional Amendment No. 45 of 2004) VI a judge of the Federal Regional Court, appointed
by the Superior Court of Justice; (Included Constitutional Amendment No. 45 of 2004) VII a federal judge, appointed by the Superior
Court of justice; (Included by the Amendment 45 of 2004) VIII a judge of the Regional Labor Court,
appointed by the Superior Labor Court; (Included by Constitutional Amendment No.
45, 2004) IX A Labor Judge, appointed by the Court
Superior of the Work; (Included by the Amendment 45 of 2004) X a member of the Union Public Prosecution Service,
appointed by the Attorney General of the Republic; (Included by Constitutional Amendment No.
45, 2004) XI a member of the state prosecutor,
chosen by the Attorney General of the Republic among the names indicated by the competent body
of each state institution; (Included Constitutional Amendment No. 45 of 2004) XII two lawyers, appointed by the Council
Federal of the Brazilian Bar Association; (Included by Constitutional Amendment No.
45, 2004) XIII two citizens of remarkable legal knowledge
and unblemished reputation, nominated one by the House Deputies and another by the Federal Senate.
(Included by Constitutional Amendment No. 45, 2004) Paragraph 1. The Council shall be chaired by the President.
Supreme Court and, in his absence and impediments, by the Vice-President of the Supreme
Federal court. (Wording given by Amendment 61 of 2009) Paragraph 2. The other members of the Council shall be
appointed by the President of the Republic, after approved the choice by the absolute majority
from the Federal Senate. (Wording given by Amendment 61 of 2009) Paragraph 3 – Within the legal term, the
indications provided for in this Article shall be the choice to the Federal Supreme Court. (Included
Constitutional Amendment No. 45 of 2004) Paragraph 4 The Council shall be responsible for controlling
administrative and financial system of the judiciary and compliance with the functional duties of
judges, and it is responsible, among other duties, for conferred upon it by the Staff Regulations of
Magistracy: (Included by the Constitutional Amendment No. 45 of 2004) I – ensure the autonomy of the judiciary
and compliance with the Statute of the Judiciary, may issue regulatory acts within the scope of
of its competence, or recommend measures; (Included by Constitutional Amendment No.
45, 2004) II – ensure compliance with art. 37 and
appreciate, by trade or by provocation, the legality of the administrative acts practiced
by members or organs of the judiciary, may deconstruct, revise or fix them
deadline for the measures to be taken necessary for exact compliance with the law,
without prejudice to the jurisdiction of the Court Union accounts; (Included by the Amendment
45 of 2004) III receive and hear of complaints against
members or organs of the judiciary, including against their ancillary services,
services and service providers notary and registration offices acting by delegation
public or official, without prejudice to disciplinary and correctional competence
courts and may bring disciplinary proceedings ongoing and determine the removal, availability
or retirement with allowances or earnings commensurate with length of service and apply
other administrative sanctions ensured by broad defense; (Included by the Constitutional Amendment
No. 45 of 2004) IV represent the Public Prosecution Service
crime case against public administration or abuse of authority; (Included by
Constitutional Amendment No. 45 of 2004) V review, by office or by provocation,
the disciplinary proceedings of judges and members of courts tried less than a year ago;
(Included by Constitutional Amendment No. 45, 2004) VI prepare half-yearly statistical report
on lengthy proceedings and sentences, for Federation unit, in the different organs
of the judiciary; (Included by the Amendment 45 of 2004) VII prepare an annual report proposing the
any measures it deems necessary, concerning the situation of the judiciary in the country
and the activities of the Council, which should integrate message from the President of the Supreme Court
To be sent to the National Congress, at the opening of the legislative session.
(Included by Constitutional Amendment No. 45, 2004) Paragraph 5. The Minister of the Superior Court of
Justice will act as Minister-Corregedor and will be excluded from process distribution
before the Court. conferred upon it by the Staff Regulations of
As follows: (Included by the Constitutional Amendment No. 45 of 2004) I receive complaints and complaints from
any interested party concerning magistrates and judicial services; (Included by
Constitutional Amendment No. 45 of 2004) II perform executive duties of the Council,
inspection and general correction; (Included Constitutional Amendment No. 45 of 2004) III request and appoint magistrates, delegating to them
assignments, and ordering servers from judgments or courts, including in States,
Federal District and Territories. (Included Constitutional Amendment No. 45 of 2004) Paragraph 6. The Attorney General shall officiate with the Council.
of the Republic and the President of the Federal Council of the Brazilian Bar Association. (Included
Constitutional Amendment No. 45 of 2004) Paragraph 7. The Union, including in the Federal District
and in the Territories, will create ombudsmen competent to receive complaints
and complaints from any interested party against members or organs of the judiciary,
or against their ancillary services, representing directly to the National Council of Justice.
(Included by Constitutional Amendment No. 45, 2004) Section III OF THE SUPERIOR COURT OF JUSTICE Art. 104. The Superior Court of Justice
consists of at least thirty-three Ministers Single paragraph. The Ministers of Superior
Court of Justice shall be appointed by the President of the Republic, among Brazilians
over thirty five and under sixty and five years of remarkable legal knowledge
and unblemished reputation, once approved the choice by the absolute majority of the Senate
(Wording given by the Amendment 45 of 2004) I – one third out of court judges
Regional Courts and one third of judges of the Courts of Justice indicated in the list
by the Court itself; II – one third, in equal parts, among lawyers
and members of the Federal Public Prosecution Service, State, Federal District and Territories,
alternately, indicated in the form of art. 94. Art. 105. It is incumbent upon the Superior Court of
Justice: I – sue and judge originally: a) in ordinary crimes, the Governors of the
States and the Federal District, and in these and responsibility, the judges
of the Courts of Justice of the States and Federal District, the members of the Courts
States and Federal District, those of the Federal Regional Courts, the Courts of
Regional Electoral and Labor of the Councils or Courts of Accounts of the Municipalities
and those of the Public Prosecution Service of the officiate before courts; (b) writ of mandamus and habeas data
against act of Minister of State, of Commanders Navy, Army and Air Force
or the Court itself; (Wording given by Constitutional Amendment 23 of 1999) c) habeas corpus, when the coactor or patient
is any of the persons mentioned in “a”, or when the coater is a court
to its jurisdiction, Minister of State or Commander of the Navy, Army or
Aeronautics, subject to the competence of the Electoral justice; (Wording given by Amendment
23 of 1999) d) conflicts of competence between any
subject to the provisions of art. 102, I, “the” as well as between court and judges
unrelated to him and between bound judges to various courts; e) criminal reviews and termination actions
of their judged; f) the claim for the preservation of
its competence and guarantee of the authority of their decisions; g) conflicts of attributions between authorities
Union’s administrative and judicial or between judicial authorities of a State
administrative and administrative activities of another Federal Government, or between the Federal Government and the Federal Government; h) the injunction, when the preparation
regulatory standard is the attribution federal agency, entity or authority,
direct or indirect administration, except for jurisdiction cases of the Supreme Court
Federal Government and the Military Justice Electoral Justice, Labor Justice
and the Federal Justice; i) the approval of foreign judgments
and the granting of exequatur to letters rogatory; (Included by Constitutional Amendment No.
45, 2004) II – judge by ordinary appeal: (a) habeas corpus decided on sole or
last instance by the Regional Courts States or the courts of the States, the
Federal District and Territories, when decision is denial; (b) injunctions issued in accordance with
only instance by the Regional Courts States or the courts of the States, the
Federal District and Territories, when denied the decision; c) the causes to which they are parties Foreign State
or international body, on the one hand, and on the other, Municipality or resident or
domiciled in the country; III – judge, by special appeal, the causes
decided, in the sole or last instance, by the Federal Regional Courts or by the
State Courts, Federal District and Territories, when the contested decision: a) contravene or deny federal treaty or law
validity; b) judge valid act of contested local government
under federal law; (Wording given by Constitutional Amendment No. 45 of 2004) c) give federal law divergent interpretation
has been awarded another court. Single paragraph. They will work with the Superior
Court of Justice: Constitutional Amendment No. 45 of 2004) I – the National School of Training and Improvement
Magistrates, and among other things, functions, regulate official courses
for entry and career promotion; (Included by Constitutional Amendment No.
45, 2004) II – the Federal Justice Council, being responsible for
exercise, as provided by law, administrative supervision and budget of the Federal Court of first
and second degree, as central organ of the system and with correctional powers, whose decisions
shall be binding. (Included by Constitutional Amendment No. 45 of 2004) Section IV OF FEDERAL REGIONAL COURTS AND JUDGES
FEDERAL Article 106. The following are organs of Federal Justice: I – the Federal Regional Courts; II – The Federal Judges. Art. 107. The Federal Regional Courts
consist of at least seven judges, where possible recruited from their
region and appointed by the President of the Republic among Brazilians over thirty and under
sixty-five years old, of which: I – one fifth of lawyers with more than
ten years of effective professional activity and members of the Federal Public Prosecution Service
with more than ten years of career; II – the others, by promotion of judges
federal employees with more than five years of by seniority and merit, alternately. Paragraph 1. The law shall discipline the removal or
the exchange of judges of the Regional Courts States and determine their jurisdiction and
thirst. (Renumbered from single paragraph by Constitutional Amendment No. 45 of 2004) Paragraph 2. The Federal Regional Courts shall install
itinerant justice, with the realization hearings and other functions of the activity
within the territorial limits of the respective jurisdiction, making use of equipment
public and community (Included by Constitutional Amendment No. 45 of 2004) Paragraph 3. The Federal Regional Courts may
function decentralized, constituting Regional Chambers in order to ensure the full
jurisdiction’s access to justice in all the stages of the process. (Included by the Amendment
45 of 2004) Art. 108. It is for the Regional Courts
Feds: I – sue and judge originally: a) Federal judges in the area of ​​their jurisdiction,
including those of Military Justice and Justice Labor, common crimes and liability,
and the members of the Union Public Prosecution Service, subject to the jurisdiction of the Electoral Justice; b) criminal reviews and termination actions
judges of you or the federal judges of the region; c) the writ of mandamus and habeas data
against act of the court itself or of a judge federal; d) habeas corpus, when the co-authorizing authority
is a federal judge; e) conflicts of jurisdiction between judges
federal authorities linked to the Court; II – judge, on appeal, the causes
decided by federal judges and judges in the exercise of federal competence
area of ​​your jurisdiction. Art. 109. It is the responsibility of federal judges to prosecute
and judge: I – the causes in which the Union, an autarchic entity
or federal public company are interested as plaintiffs, defendants, assistants
or opponents other than those of bankruptcy, those of accidents at work and those subject to justice
Electoral and Labor Justice; II – the causes between foreign State or
international body and Municipality or person domiciled or resident in the country; III – the causes based on treaty or contract
Union with a foreign State or body International; IV – political crimes and offenses
criminal offenses to the detriment of goods, services or interest of the Union or its entities
municipalities or public enterprises, excluded misdemeanors and subject to jurisdiction
Military Justice and Electoral Justice; V – crimes provided for in a treaty or convention
when, when implementation in the country, the result has or should have
occurred abroad or vice versa; VA Human Rights Causes
referred to in paragraph 5 of this article; (Included Constitutional Amendment No. 45 of 2004) VI – Crimes against work organization
and, in cases determined by law, against the financial system and the economic and financial order; VII – habeas corpus in criminal matters
of their competence or when the embarrassment comes from an authority whose acts are not
directly subject to another jurisdiction; VIII – injunctions and habeas
date against act of federal authority, except jurisdictional cases of federal courts; IX – crimes committed on board ships
or aircraft, subject to the competence of the Military justice; X – crimes of entry or stay
foreign national, the execution of letter rogatory after the exequatur and
foreign judgment, after approval, causes relating to nationality, including
the respective option, and naturalization; XI – the dispute over indigenous rights. Paragraph 1. The causes in which the Union is the author
will be bailed out in the judicial section where domiciled in the other party. Paragraph 2 – Cases brought against the Union
may be bailed out in the judicial section where the perpetrator is domiciled, where
occurred the act or fact that gave rise to on demand or where the thing is located,
or even in the Federal District. Paragraph 3. They shall be prosecuted and tried in court.
of the insured’s domicile beneficiaries, the causes in which they are
part social security institution and insured, whenever the region is not
seat of the federal court, and if found this condition, the law may allow
other causes are also prosecuted and judged by state courts. Paragraph 4. In the hypothesis of the previous paragraph,
the appeal will always be to the Court Federal Regional in the area of ​​jurisdiction
of the first judge. Paragraph 5 In the event of serious violation
Human Rights, the Attorney General of the Republic, with a view to ensuring that
the fulfillment of obligations arising from of international human rights treaties
of which Brazil is a party may raise, before the Superior Court of Justice in
any stage of the investigation or proceeding, incident of displacement of jurisdiction to justice
Federal. (Included by the Constitutional Amendment No. 45 of 2004) Art. 110. Each State, as well as the District
Federal, will constitute a judicial section which shall have its capital as its headquarters, and
sticks located according to the established in law. Single paragraph. In the Federal Territories,
the jurisdiction and attributions committed the federal judges will be up to the judges
of local justice in the form of the law. Section V
(Wording given by the Constitutional Amendment No. 92 of 2016)
The Superior Labor Court, the Courts Regionals Labor and Labor Judges Art. 111. The following are organs of Labor Justice: I – the Superior Labor Court; II – the Regional Labor Courts; III – Labor Judges. (Wording given
Constitutional Amendment No. 24 of 1999) Paragraphs 1 to 3 (Repealed by Constitutional Amendment
No. 45 of 2004) Art. 111-A. The Superior Labor Court
It will be composed of twenty-seven Ministers, chosen among Brazilians over thirty-five
less than sixty-five years of age remarkable legal knowledge and unblemished reputation,
appointed by the President of the Republic after approval by the absolute majority of the Senate
(Wording given by the Amendment No. 92 of 2016) I one-fifth among attorneys over ten
years of effective professional activity and members of the Public Prosecution Service
of ten years of effective exercise, observed the provisions of art. 94; (Included by the Amendment
45 of 2004) II the rest among judges of the Courts
Regional Labor, coming from the judiciary indicated by the Court itself
Higher. (Included by the Constitutional Amendment No. 45 of 2004) Paragraph 1. The law shall provide for jurisdiction
of the Superior Labor Court. (Included Constitutional Amendment No. 45 of 2004) Paragraph 2. They shall function with the Superior Court.
of Labor: (Included by the Constitutional Amendment No. 45 of 2004) I the National School of Training and Improvement
Labor Magistrates. other functions, regulate official courses
for entry and career promotion; (Included by Constitutional Amendment No.
45, 2004) II the Superior Council for Labor Justice,
to exercise, as provided by law, the supervision of administrative, budgetary, financial
Labor Court of First and second degree, as the central organ of the system,
whose decisions will have binding effect. (Included by Constitutional Amendment No.
45, 2004) Paragraph 3 The Superior Labor Court is responsible for
originally process and adjudicate the claim for the preservation of their competence and
assurance of the authority of their decisions. (Included by Constitutional Amendment No.
92, 2016) Article 112. The law shall create courts of justice.
may, in regions not covered by by its jurisdiction to attribute it to the judges
of law, with recourse to the respective Regional labor Court. (Essay
Constitutional Amendment No. 45 of 2004) Article 113. The law shall provide for the constitution,
endowment, jurisdiction, jurisdiction, guarantees and conditions governing the exercise of
Work justice. (Wording given by Constitutional Amendment No. 24 of 1999) Art. 114. It is up to the Labor Justice
sue and judge: (Wording given by the 45 of 2004) I the actions arising from the employment relationship,
entities covered by external public law and direct and indirect public administration
Union, States, Federal District and the Municipalities; (Included by the Amendment
45 of 2004) II the actions that involve the exercise of the right
strike; (Included by the Constitutional Amendment No. 45 of 2004) III actions on union representation,
between unions, between unions and workers, and between unions and employers; (Included
Constitutional Amendment No. 45 of 2004) IV injunctions, habeas corpus
and habeas data, when the act in question involves subject to its jurisdiction; (Included
Constitutional Amendment No. 45 of 2004) V conflicts of competence between organs
with labor jurisdiction, except for the provided for in art. 102, I, o; (Included by
Constitutional Amendment No. 45 of 2004) VI actions for damages for moral damage
or equity, arising from the relationship of job; (Included by the Constitutional Amendment
No. 45 of 2004) VII actions related to administrative penalties
imposed on employers by supervision of labor relations;
(Included by Constitutional Amendment No. 45, 2004) VIII the execution, by letter, of the contributions
provided for in art. 195, I, a, and II, and their legal additions arising from the
sentences you utter; (Included by the Amendment 45 of 2004) IX other controversies arising from the relationship
in the form of the law. (Included by Constitutional Amendment No. 45 of 2004) Paragraph 1 – Collective bargaining,
the parties may elect arbitrators. Paragraph 2. If either party refuses to
collective bargaining or arbitration, it is by mutual agreement, to
collective bargaining of an economic nature, the labor court may decide the conflict,
minimum legal provisions are respected protection as well as those agreed
previously. (Wording given by Amendment 45 of 2004) Paragraph 3. In case of strike in essential activity,
with the possibility of injury in the public interest, the Public Prosecutor’s Office may
to file a collective bargaining dispute, Labor courts decide the conflict. (Essay
Constitutional Amendment No. 45 of 2004) Art. 115. The Regional Labor Courts
consist of at least seven judges, where possible recruited from their
nominated by the President of the Republic among Brazilians over thirty and under
sixty-five years old, as follows: Constitutional Amendment No. 45 of
2004) I one-fifth among attorneys over ten
years of effective professional activity and members of the Public Prosecution Service
of ten years of effective exercise, observed the provisions of art. 94; (Wording given by
Constitutional Amendment No. 45 of 2004) II os demais, mediante promoção de juízes
do trabalho por antigüidade e merecimento, alternadamente. (Redação dada pela Emenda
Constitucional nº 45, de 2004) § 1º Os Tribunais Regionais do Trabalho
instalarão a justiça itinerante, com a realização de audiências e demais funções de atividade
jurisdicional, nos limites territoriais da respectiva jurisdição, servindo-se de equipamentos
públicos e comunitários. (Included by Emenda Constitucional nº 45, de 2004) § 2º Os Tribunais Regionais do Trabalho
poderão funcionar descentralizadamente, constituindo Câmaras regionais, a fim de assegurar o pleno
acesso do jurisdicionado à justiça em todas as fases do processo. (Included by the Amendment
Constitucional nº 45, de 2004) Art. 116. Nas Varas do Trabalho, a jurisdição
será exercida por um juiz singular. (Essay dada pela Emenda Constitucional nº 24, de
1999) Single paragraph. (Revogado pela Emenda Constitucional
nº 24, de 1999) Art. 117. e Parágrafo único. (Revogados
pela Emenda Constitucional nº 24, de 1999) Seção VI DOS TRIBUNAIS E JUÍZES ELEITORAIS Art. 118. São órgãos da Justiça Eleitoral: I – o Tribunal Superior Eleitoral; II – os Tribunais Regionais Eleitorais; III – os Juízes Eleitorais; IV – as Juntas Eleitorais. Art. 119. O Tribunal Superior Eleitoral compor-se-á,
no mínimo, de sete membros, escolhidos: I – mediante eleição, pelo voto secreto: a) três juízes dentre os Ministros do Supremo
Tribunal Federal; b) dois juízes dentre os Ministros do Superior
Tribunal de Justiça; II – por nomeação do Presidente da República,
dois juízes dentre seis advogados de notável saber jurídico e idoneidade moral, indicados
pelo Supremo Tribunal Federal. Single paragraph. O Tribunal Superior Eleitoral
elegerá seu Presidente e o Vice-Presidente dentre os Ministros do Supremo Tribunal Federal,
e o Corregedor Eleitoral dentre os Ministros do Superior Tribunal de Justiça. Art. 120. Haverá um Tribunal Regional Eleitoral
na Capital de cada Estado e no Distrito Federal. § 1º – Os Tribunais Regionais Eleitorais
compor-se-ão: I – mediante eleição, pelo voto secreto: a) de dois juízes dentre os desembargadores
do Tribunal de Justiça; b) de dois juízes, dentre juízes de direito,
escolhidos pelo Tribunal de Justiça; II – de um juiz do Tribunal Regional Federal
com sede na Capital do Estado ou no Distrito Federal, ou, não havendo, de juiz federal,
escolhido, em qualquer caso, pelo Tribunal Regional Federal respectivo; III – por nomeação, pelo Presidente da República,
de dois juízes dentre seis advogados de notável saber jurídico e idoneidade moral, indicados
pelo Tribunal de Justiça. § 2º – O Tribunal Regional Eleitoral elegerá
seu Presidente e o Vice-Presidente- dentre os desembargadores. Art. 121. Lei complementar disporá sobre
a organização e competência dos tribunais, dos juízes de direito e das juntas eleitorais. § 1º Os membros dos tribunais, os juízes
de direito e os integrantes das juntas eleitorais, no exercício de suas funções, e no que
lhes for aplicável, gozarão de plenas garantias e serão inamovíveis. § 2º Os juízes dos tribunais eleitorais,
salvo motivo justificado, servirão por dois anos, no mínimo, e nunca por mais de dois
biênios consecutivos, sendo os substitutos escolhidos na mesma ocasião e pelo mesmo
processo, em número igual para cada categoria. § 3º São irrecorríveis as decisões do
Tribunal Superior Eleitoral, salvo as que contrariarem esta Constituição e as denegatórias
de habeas corpus ou mandado de segurança. § 4º Das decisões dos Tribunais Regionais
Eleitorais somente caberá recurso quando: I – forem proferidas contra disposição expressa
desta Constituição ou de lei; II – ocorrer divergência na interpretação
de lei entre dois ou mais tribunais eleitorais; III – versarem sobre inelegibilidade ou expedição
de diplomas nas eleições federais ou estaduais; IV – anularem diplomas ou decretarem a perda
de mandatos eletivos federais ou estaduais; V – denegarem habeas corpus, mandado de segurança,
habeas data ou mandado de injunção. Seção VII DOS TRIBUNAIS E JUÍZES MILITARES Art. 122. São órgãos da Justiça Militar: I – o Superior Tribunal Militar; II – os Tribunais e Juízes Militares instituídos
por lei. Art. 123. O Superior Tribunal Militar compor-se-á
de quinze Ministros vitalícios, nomeados pelo Presidente da República, depois de aprovada
a indicação pelo Senado Federal, sendo três dentre oficiais-generais da Marinha, quatro
dentre oficiais-generais do Exército, três dentre oficiais-generais da Aeronáutica,
todos da ativa e do posto mais elevado da carreira, e cinco dentre civis. Single paragraph. Os Ministros civis serão
escolhidos pelo Presidente da República dentre brasileiros maiores de trinta e cinco anos,
sendo: I – três dentre advogados de notório saber
jurídico e conduta ilibada, com mais de dez anos de efetiva atividade profissional; II – dois, por escolha paritária, dentre
juízes auditores e membros do Ministério Público da Justiça Militar. Art. 124. à Justiça Militar compete processar
e julgar os crimes militares definidos em lei. Single paragraph. A lei disporá sobre a
organização, o funcionamento e a competência da Justiça Militar. Seção VIII DOS TRIBUNAIS E JUÍZES DOS ESTADOS Art. 125. Os Estados organizarão sua Justiça,
observados os princípios estabelecidos nesta Constituição. § 1º A competência dos tribunais será
definida na Constituição do Estado, sendo a lei de organização judiciária de iniciativa
do Tribunal de Justiça. § 2º Cabe aos Estados a instituição de
representação de inconstitucionalidade de leis ou atos normativos estaduais ou municipais
em face da Constituição Estadual, vedada a atribuição da legitimação para agir
a um único órgão. § 3º A lei estadual poderá criar, mediante
proposta do Tribunal de Justiça, a Justiça Militar estadual, constituída, em primeiro
grau, pelos juízes de direito e pelos Conselhos de Justiça e, em segundo grau, pelo próprio
Tribunal de Justiça, ou por Tribunal de Justiça Militar nos Estados em que o efetivo militar
seja superior a vinte mil integrantes. (Essay dada pela Emenda Constitucional nº 45, de
2004) § 4º Compete à Justiça Militar estadual
processar e julgar os militares dos Estados, nos crimes militares definidos em lei e as
ações judiciais contra atos disciplinares militares, ressalvada a competência do júri
quando a vítima for civil, cabendo ao tribunal competente decidir sobre a perda do posto
e da patente dos oficiais e da graduação das praças. (Wording given by the Constitutional Amendment
nº 45, de 2004) § 5º Compete aos juízes de direito do juízo
militar processar e julgar, singularmente, os crimes militares cometidos contra civis
e as ações judiciais contra atos disciplinares militares, cabendo ao Conselho de Justiça,
sob a presidência de juiz de direito, processar e julgar os demais crimes militares. (Included
pela Emenda Constitucional nº 45, de 2004) § 6º O Tribunal de Justiça poderá funcionar
descentralizadamente, constituindo Câmaras regionais, a fim de assegurar o pleno acesso
do jurisdicionado à justiça em todas as fases do processo. (Included by the Amendment
Constitucional nº 45, de 2004) § 7º O Tribunal de Justiça instalará a
justiça itinerante, com a realização de audiências e demais funções da atividade
jurisdicional, nos limites territoriais da respectiva jurisdição, servindo-se de equipamentos
públicos e comunitários. (Included by Emenda Constitucional nº 45, de 2004) Art. 126. Para dirimir conflitos fundiários,
o Tribunal de Justiça proporá a criação de varas especializadas, com competência
exclusiva para questões agrárias. (Essay dada pela Emenda Constitucional nº 45, de
2004) Single paragraph. Sempre que necessário
à eficiente prestação jurisdicional, o juiz far-se-á presente no local do litígio. CHAPTER IV DAS FUNÇÕES ESSENCIAIS À JUSTIÇA (Wording given by the Constitutional Amendment
nº 80, de 2014) SECTION I DO MINISTÉRIO PÚBLICO Art. 127. O Ministério Público é instituição
permanente, essencial à função jurisdicional do Estado, incumbindo-lhe a defesa da ordem
jurídica, do regime democrático e dos interesses sociais e individuais indisponíveis. § 1º São princípios institucionais do
Ministério Público a unidade, a indivisibilidade e a independência funcional. § 2º Ao Ministério Público é assegurada
autonomia funcional e administrativa, podendo, observado o disposto no art. 169, propor ao
Poder Legislativo a criação e extinção de seus cargos e serviços auxiliares, provendo-os
por concurso público de provas ou de provas e títulos, a política remuneratória e os
planos de carreira; a lei disporá sobre sua organização e funcionamento. (Essay
dada pela Emenda Constitucional nº 19, de 1998) § 3º O Ministério Público elaborará sua
proposta orçamentária dentro dos limites estabelecidos na lei de diretrizes orçamentárias. §
4º Se o Ministério Público não encaminhar a respectiva proposta orçamentária dentro
do prazo estabelecido na lei de diretrizes orçamentárias, o Poder Executivo considerará,
para fins de consolidação da proposta orçamentária anual, os valores aprovados na lei orçamentária
vigente, ajustados de acordo com os limites estipulados na forma do § 3º. (Included
pela Emenda Constitucional nº 45, de 2004) § 5º Se a proposta orçamentária de que
trata este artigo for encaminhada em desacordo com os limites estipulados na forma do § 3º,
o Poder Executivo procederá aos ajustes necessários para fins de consolidação da proposta orçamentária
anual. (Incluído pela Emenda Constitucional nº 45, de 2004) § 6º Durante a execução orçamentária
do exercício, não poderá haver a realização de despesas ou a assunção de obrigações
que extrapolem os limites estabelecidos na lei de diretrizes orçamentárias, exceto
se previamente autorizadas, mediante a abertura de créditos suplementares ou especiais. (Included
pela Emenda Constitucional nº 45, de 2004) Art. 128. O Ministério Público abrange: I – o Ministério Público da União, que
compreende: a) o Ministério Público Federal; b) o Ministério Público do Trabalho; c) o Ministério Público Militar; d) o Ministério Público do Distrito Federal
e Territórios; II – os Ministérios Públicos dos Estados. § 1º O Ministério Público da União tem
por chefe o Procurador-Geral da República, nomeado pelo Presidente da República dentre
integrantes da carreira, maiores de trinta e cinco anos, após a aprovação de seu nome
pela maioria absoluta dos membros do Senado Federal, para mandato de dois anos, permitida
a recondução. § 2º A destituição do Procurador-Geral
da República, por iniciativa do Presidente da República, deverá ser precedida de autorização
da maioria absoluta do Senado Federal. § 3º Os Ministérios Públicos dos Estados
e o do Distrito Federal e Territórios formarão lista tríplice dentre integrantes da carreira,
na forma da lei respectiva, para escolha de seu Procurador-Geral, que será nomeado pelo
Chefe do Poder Executivo, para mandato de dois anos, permitida uma recondução. § 4º Os Procuradores-Gerais nos Estados
e no Distrito Federal e Territórios poderão ser destituídos por deliberação da maioria
absoluta do Poder Legislativo, na forma da lei complementar respectiva. § 5º Leis complementares da União e dos
Estados, cuja iniciativa é facultada aos respectivos Procuradores-Gerais, estabelecerão
a organização, as atribuições e o estatuto de cada Ministério Público, observadas,
relativamente a seus membros: I – as seguintes garantias: a) vitaliciedade, após dois anos de exercício,
não podendo perder o cargo senão por sentença judicial transitada em julgado; b) inamovibilidade, salvo por motivo de interesse
público, mediante decisão do órgão colegiado competente do Ministério Público, pelo voto
da maioria absoluta de seus membros, assegurada ampla defesa; (Redação dada pela Emenda
Constitucional nº 45, de 2004) c) irredutibilidade de subsídio, fixado na
forma do art. 39, § 4º, e ressalvado o disposto nos arts. 37, X e XI, 150, II, 153, III, 153,
§ 2º, I; (Wording given by the Constitutional Amendment nº 19, de 1998) II – as seguintes vedações: a) receber, a qualquer título e sob qualquer
pretexto, honorários, percentagens ou custas processuais; b) exercer a advocacia; c) participar de sociedade comercial, na forma
da lei; d) exercer, ainda que em disponibilidade,
qualquer outra função pública, salvo uma de magistério; e) exercer atividade político-partidária;
(Wording given by the Constitutional Amendment nº 45, de 2004) f) receber, a qualquer título ou pretexto,
auxílios ou contribuições de pessoas físicas, entidades públicas ou privadas, ressalvadas
as exceções previstas em lei. (Incluída pela Emenda Constitucional nº 45, de 2004) § 6º Aplica-se aos membros do Ministério
Público o disposto no art. 95, parágrafo único, V. (Incluído pela Emenda Constitucional
nº 45, de 2004) Art. 129. São funções institucionais do
Ministério Público: I – promover, privativamente, a ação penal
pública, na forma da lei; II – zelar pelo efetivo respeito dos Poderes
Públicos e dos serviços de relevância pública aos direitos assegurados nesta Constituição,
promovendo as medidas necessárias a sua garantia; III – promover o inquérito civil e a ação
civil pública, para a proteção do patrimônio público e social, do meio ambiente e de outros
interesses difusos e coletivos; IV – promover a ação de inconstitucionalidade
ou representação para fins de intervenção da União e dos Estados, nos casos previstos
nesta Constituição; V – defender judicialmente os direitos e interesses
das populações indígenas; VI – expedir notificações nos procedimentos
administrativos de sua competência, requisitando informações e documentos para instruí-los,
na forma da lei complementar respectiva; VII – exercer o controle externo da atividade
policial, na forma da lei complementar mencionada no artigo anterior; VIII – requisitar diligências investigatórias
e a instauração de inquérito policial, indicados os fundamentos jurídicos de suas
manifestações processuais; IX – exercer outras funções que lhe forem
conferidas, desde que compatíveis com sua finalidade, sendo-lhe vedada a representação
judicial e a consultoria jurídica de entidades públicas. § 1º A legitimação do Ministério Público
para as ações civis previstas neste artigo não impede a de terceiros, nas mesmas hipóteses,
segundo o disposto nesta Constituição e na lei. § 2º As funções do Ministério Público
só podem ser exercidas por integrantes da carreira, que deverão residir na comarca
da respectiva lotação, salvo autorização do chefe da instituição. (Wording given
pela Emenda Constitucional nº 45, de 2004) § 3º O ingresso na carreira do Ministério
Público far-se-á mediante concurso público de provas e títulos, assegurada a participação
da Ordem dos Advogados do Brasil em sua realização, exigindo-se do bacharel em direito, no mínimo,
três anos de atividade jurídica e observando-se, nas nomeações, a ordem de classificação.
(Wording given by the Constitutional Amendment nº 45, de 2004) § 4º Aplica-se ao Ministério Público,
no que couber, o disposto no art. 93. (Redação dada pela Emenda Constitucional nº 45, de
2004) § 5º A distribuição de processos no Ministério
Público será imediata. (Included by the Amendment Constitucional nº 45, de 2004) Art. 130. Aos membros do Ministério Público
junto aos Tribunais de Contas aplicam-se as disposições desta seção pertinentes a
direitos, vedações e forma de investidura. Art. 130-A. O Conselho Nacional do Ministério
Público compõe-se de quatorze membros nomeados pelo Presidente da República, depois de aprovada
a escolha pela maioria absoluta do Senado Federal, para um mandato de dois anos, admitida
uma recondução, sendo: (Incluído pela Emenda Constitucional nº 45, de 2004) I o Procurador-Geral da República, que o
preside; II quatro membros do Ministério Público
da União, assegurada a representação de cada uma de suas carreiras; III três membros do Ministério Público
dos Estados; IV dois juízes, indicados um pelo Supremo
Tribunal Federal e outro pelo Superior Tribunal de Justiça; V dois advogados, indicados pelo Conselho
Federal da Ordem dos Advogados do Brasil; VI dois cidadãos de notável saber jurídico
e reputação ilibada, indicados um pela Câmara dos Deputados e outro pelo Senado Federal. § 1º Os membros do Conselho oriundos do
Ministério Público serão indicados pelos respectivos Ministérios Públicos, na forma
da lei. § 2º Compete ao Conselho Nacional do Ministério
Público o controle da atuação administrativa e financeira do Ministério Público e do
cumprimento dos deveres funcionais de seus membros, cabendo lhe: I zelar pela autonomia funcional e administrativa
do Ministério Público, podendo expedir atos regulamentares, no âmbito de sua competência,
ou recomendar providências; II zelar pela observância do art. 37 e apreciar,
de ofício ou mediante provocação, a legalidade dos atos administrativos praticados por membros
ou órgãos do Ministério Público da União e dos Estados, podendo desconstituí-los,
revê-los ou fixar prazo para que se adotem as providências necessárias ao exato cumprimento
da lei, sem prejuízo da competência dos Tribunais de Contas; III receber e conhecer das reclamações contra
membros ou órgãos do Ministério Público da União ou dos Estados, inclusive contra
seus serviços auxiliares, sem prejuízo da competência disciplinar e correicional da
instituição, podendo avocar processos disciplinares em curso, determinar a remoção, a disponibilidade
ou a aposentadoria com subsídios ou proventos proporcionais ao tempo de serviço e aplicar
outras sanções administrativas, assegurada ampla defesa; IV rever, de ofício ou mediante provocação,
os processos disciplinares de membros do Ministério Público da União ou dos Estados julgados
há menos de um ano; V elaborar relatório anual, propondo as providências
que julgar necessárias sobre a situação do Ministério Público no País e as atividades
do Conselho, o qual deve integrar a mensagem prevista no art. 84, XI. § 3º O Conselho escolherá, em votação
secreta, um Corregedor nacional, dentre os membros do Ministério Público que o integram,
vedada a recondução, competindo-lhe, além das atribuições que lhe forem conferidas
pela lei, as seguintes: I receber reclamações e denúncias, de qualquer
interessado, relativas aos membros do Ministério Público e dos seus serviços auxiliares; II exercer funções executivas do Conselho,
de inspeção e correição geral; III requisitar e designar membros do Ministério
Público, delegando-lhes atribuições, e requisitar servidores de órgãos do Ministério
Público. § 4º O Presidente do Conselho Federal da
Ordem dos Advogados do Brasil oficiará junto ao Conselho. § 5º Leis da União e dos Estados criarão
ouvidorias do Ministério Público, competentes para receber reclamações e denúncias de
qualquer interessado contra membros ou órgãos do Ministério Público, inclusive contra
seus serviços auxiliares, representando diretamente ao Conselho Nacional do Ministério Público. Section II DA ADVOCACIA PÚBLICA (Wording given by the Constitutional Amendment
nº 19, de 1998) Art. 131. A Advocacia-Geral da União é a
instituição que, diretamente ou através de órgão vinculado, representa a União,
judicial e extrajudicialmente, cabendo-lhe, nos termos da lei complementar que dispuser
sobre sua organização e funcionamento, as atividades de consultoria e assessoramento
jurídico do Poder Executivo. § 1º A Advocacia-Geral da União tem por
chefe o Advogado-Geral da União, de livre nomeação pelo Presidente da República dentre
cidadãos maiores de trinta e cinco anos, de notável saber jurídico e reputação
ilibada. § 2º O ingresso nas classes iniciais das
carreiras da instituição de que trata este artigo far-se-á mediante concurso público
de provas e títulos. § 3º Na execução da dívida ativa de natureza
tributária, a representação da União cabe à Procuradoria-Geral da Fazenda Nacional,
observado o disposto em lei. Art. 132. Os Procuradores dos Estados e do
Distrito Federal, organizados em carreira, na qual o ingresso dependerá de concurso
público de provas e títulos, com a participação da Ordem dos Advogados do Brasil em todas
as suas fases, exercerão a representação judicial e a consultoria jurídica das respectivas
unidades federadas. (Redação dada pela Emenda Constitucional nº 19, de 1998) Single paragraph. Aos procuradores referidos
neste artigo é assegurada estabilidade após três anos de efetivo exercício, mediante
avaliação de desempenho perante os órgãos próprios, após relatório circunstanciado
das corregedorias. (Redação dada pela Emenda Constitucional nº 19, de 1998) SECTION III DA ADVOCACIA (Wording given by the Constitutional Amendment
nº 80, de 2014) Art. 133. O advogado é indispensável à
administração da justiça, sendo inviolável por seus atos e manifestações no exercício
da profissão, nos limites da lei.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *