(music) Happy Constitution Day.
On September 17, 1787, 39 delegates gathered in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania to sign the
document that established our government. Every year on this day we celebrate the
signing of the United States Constitution. We the people of the United
States in order to form a more perfect union establish justice, ensure domestic
tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare and
secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity.
Do ordain and establish this constitution of the United States of America. (music) We the people We the people We the people We the people We the people Perhaps you have some questions about the Constitution. Let’s find some answers. How did the United States Constitution begin?
During the American Revolution a plan of government called the Articles of
Confederation was written as our first system of government but only lasted a short time.
So in the summer of 1787 states sent delegates or people to
represent them to Philadelphia. When they met the delegates created a new idea for
our government that became the United States Constitution. After much work the
Constitution was signed by the delegates next the states had to approve it.
It took some time but all the states approved the U.S. Constitution. But did you know that George Washington, Benjamin Franklin and James Madison were all
delegates at the Constitutional Convention? What is the United States
Constitution? The Constitution is the highest law. The law is a federal rule that
we live by. It belongs to the United States. It belongs to all Americans.
The Constitution also lists important Rights and Freedoms. Many of our rights and
freedoms were listed in the Bill of Rights which was added in the
Constitution in 1791. The Bill of Rights is the first ten amendments to the
Constitution; amendments are changes to the Constitution. The delegate’s included a
way to make changes to the Constitution through the amendment process. But did you know that there have only been 27 amendments added to the Constitution?
How is the government organized by the United States Constitution? The Constitution
divides the government into three branches; the legislative, executive and judiciary.
Each branch has its own role in how the law is made. All the branches
have to work together. The legislative branch of our government is controlled
by Congress; it’s split into two parts the House of Representatives and the U.S. Senate. the
legislative branch of our government has the power to make laws.
The executive branch is led by the president who has the power to enforce laws. After Congress
passes a bill the president can sign it into law or veto it. The judicial branch
of our government includes the Supreme Court which has the power to interpret
laws; there are nine justices on the Supreme Court. But did you know that
justices serve life terms? (music) Now that we have learned about the
United States Constitution we know that September 17, 1787, was a short day and
why it’s so important to celebrate Constitution Day. After all the Constitution is the oldest written National Constitution in the world it
has lasted over 200 years. Let’s end with how the Constitution begins; “We the people”. We the people We the people We the people We the people We the people (music)