Different types of Parliamentary Bill
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Different types of Parliamentary Bill

November 21, 2019


Different types of parliamentary Bill A Bill is a proposal for a new law, or a proposal
to change an existing law. There are three types of Bill. Public Bills are the most common and can begin
their journey in the House of Commons or the House of Lords. They relate to laws affecting
the general population. There are two types of Public Bill, either a Government Bill that
is introduced by a government minister or a Private Members Bill which is introduced
by an individual MP or member of the House of Lords. You can have your say on Public Bills by writing
to your MP or to the relevant Public Bill Committee. You can also contact a relevant
member of the House of Lords or the government department responsible for the Bill. Private Bills are usually promoted by organisations,
like local authorities or public bodies, when they want Parliament to allow them to do something
that they don’t normally do. Private Bills only change the law as it applies to specific
individuals or organisations, rather than the general public. Groups or individuals
potentially affected by these changes can petition Parliament against the proposed Private
Bill. Occasionally a Bill affects the public at
large but also affects certain individuals in particular – these are known as Hybrid
Bills. An example of a Hybrid Bill would be the Bill to set up High Speed Rail links in
the UK which significantly affects those homeowners living along the proposed route. Find out more about the different types of
Bills at www.parliament.uk/billtypes

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