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Constitutional Analysis

Analysis and Interpretation of the Constitution
Annotations of Cases Decided by the Supreme Court of the United States

The content of the CRS Annotated Constitution was prepared by the Congressional Research Service (CRS) at the Library of Congress, and published electronically in plaintext and PDF by the Government Printing Office. Dating back to 1964, the initial online annotations were published in 1992, and supplements were released in 1994, 1996, 1998, and 2000.

The following files are the 2002 publications and subsequent supplements as noted. All are in Adobe PDF format and will download to your computer. You will need Adobe Acrobat Reader, or another PDF Reader to view these documents.


Title Page

Public Law 91-589: Authorization

Introduction to the 2002 Edition

Historical Note on Formation of the Constitution

Constitution (Literal Print)

Amendments (Literal Print)

Proposed Amendments not Ratified by the States

The Constitution of the United States with Annotations


Article I. Legislative Department

Article II. Executive Department

Article III. Judicial Department

Article IV. States' Relations

Article V. Mode of Amendment

Article VI. Prior Debts, National Supremacy, Oaths of Office

Article VII. Ratification

Amendments to the Constitution with Annotations

First Through Tenth Amendments: Bill of Rights

First Amendment--Religion and Expression

Second Amendment--Bearing Arms

Third Amendment--Quartering Soldiers

Fourth Amendment--Search and Seizure

Fifth Amendment--Rights of Persons

Sixth Amendment--Rights of Accused in Criminal Prosecutions

Seventh Amendment--Civil Trials

Eighth Amendment--Further Guarantees in Criminal Cases

Ninth Amendment--Unenumerated Rights

Tenth Amendment--Reserved Powers

Eleventh Amendment--Suits Against States

Twelfth Amendment--Election of President

Thirteenth Amendment--Slavery and Involuntary Servitude

Fourteenth Amendment--Rights Guaranteed: Privileges and Immunities of Citizenship, Due Process, and Equal Protection

Fifteenth Amendment--Rights of Citizens to Vote


Eighteenth Amendment--Prohibition of Intoxicating Liquors

Nineteenth Amendment--Women's Suffrage Rights

Twentieth Amendment--Terms of President, Vice President, Members of Congress: Presidential Vacancy

Twenty-First Amendment--Repeal of Eighteenth Amendment

Twenty-Second Amendment--Presidential Tenure

Twenty-Third Amendment--Presidential Electors for the District of Columbia

Twenty-Fourth Amendment--Abolition of the Poll Tax Qualification in Federal Elections

Twenty-Fifth Amendment--Presidential Vacancy, Disability, and Inability



Acts of Congress Held Unconstitutional in Whole or in Part by the Supreme Court of the United States

State Constitutional and Statutory Provisions and Municipal Ordinances Held Unconstitutional on their Face or as Administered

Supreme Court Decisions Overruled by Subsequent Decision

Table of Cases



2004 Supplement: Cases Decided to June 29, 2004

2006 Supplement: Cases Decided to June 29, 2006

2008 Supplement: Cases Decided to June 26, 2008