Ep6 그레나다 [10분상식 세계백과] – 그레나다 소개, 역사, 위치, 문화에 대한 지식 유튜버, 지식 유튜브, 교양유튜브, #상식 #그레나다 #역사
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Ep6 그레나다 [10분상식 세계백과] – 그레나다 소개, 역사, 위치, 문화에 대한 지식 유튜버, 지식 유튜브, 교양유튜브, #상식 #그레나다 #역사

October 25, 2019


[10 minute Common Knowledge World Encyclopedia] Hey there! It’s time for 10 minute
Common Knowledge World Encyclopedia 1. Introduction Grenada is an island nation in the southern part of
the Caribbean Sea in Central America. Grenada used to use two national flags including
the one from its British Colonial period but then decided on a new flag in 1974 when
it became independent from the U.K. The flag of Grenada is outlined by a red strip. There are two yellow triangles and
two green triangles in the central area and inside the red circle in
the middle there is a yellow star. On the left there is a picture of the nutmeg,
an important agricultural product of Grenada. The edge of the flag outlined by
a red strip features a total of six stars. The center star represents the capital, St. George’s, and
the other six stars represent each administrative region. Red symbolizes courage and national independence,
and yellow symbolizes wisdom, warmth, and wealth. Green represents the prosperity of
agriculture and agricultural products. Grenada is a small island country belonging to
the Lesser Antilles in Central America in the East Caribbean Sea
with a land area of 340 square kilometers. This is slightly more than Yangju, Gyeonggi-do, which is
310 square kilometers. The capital city is St. George’s. Grenada’s population is about
100,000 people as of 2019. This is similar to the population of Boryeong,
Chungcheongnam-do. Grenada’s total GDP per year was about
$1.1 billion as of 2017. It ranks 170th in the world. Gambia and the Solomon Islands are among
countries of a similar level. Grenada, home to about 100,000 people, is one of the
countries that has a very low population growth rate. The biggest reason for this is that
many people choose to emigrate. 85 percent of the residential population in
Granada are black and 13 percent are biracial of black and
European white decent. The official language is English, but there are also
a small number of people who speak a French dialect. As for religion, 53% are Roman Catholic, 13% are Anglican, and
the rest practice other Protestant activities. 2. history Grenada was a volcanic island formed by volcanic
eruptions in the sea about two million years ago. In 1498, Christopher Columbus made his first landing on what is now Grenada on
his third voyage to the New World. At that time, the area was dominated by
Caribbean Indians who had already moved to Grenada, and exterminated the Arawaks,
who were indigenous to the land. For 150 years after Columbus’s discovery,
the Caribbeans continued to rule Grenada. Let’s take a quick moment here to
look at the origins of the nation’s name, Grenada. Sponsored by Portugal, Columbus named
the island Concepcion but the name got settled as Grenada as
other fellow Spanish sailors began to call it Granada, which was also the name of a Spanish city. The current name Grenada is an Anglicized version of
the Spanish name Granada. In 1650, Martinique, a French governor-general, purchased the island of Grenada from
a French company and a ship carrying 203 people from
France arrived in Grenada. They built a residential area in St. George’s,
the capital of Grenada. Afterwards, they aggressively
implemented policies to govern Grenada. However, in the face of strong backlash from the natives an armed conflict occurred between
the French and the Grenada natives. And as a result, a lot of
indigenous people were slaughtered. It wasn’t until 1654 that France was able to
fully colonize the Grenada region. England, which was expanding into the New World,
was constantly coveting the Grenada region. So, Britain got into a power struggle against
France for control over Grenada and eventually, England began to rule from 1783. The British brought African blacks into
the Grenada region as slaves and ran plantation farms such as
bananas and sugarcane. Grenada had been under
England’s colonial rule for about 200 years and became completely independent from
England on February 7, 1974. Eric M. Gairy, who played an important role in achieving
independence, served as the prime minister until 1979 but got overthrown by
rebel forces led by Maurice Bishop. Maurice Bishop was a Marxist who
pursued a close relationship with Cuba, but he was assassinated in October, 1983. 3. Politics & Economics Grenada is a constitutional monarchy with
a parliament modeled on the British, and is a commonwealth of Britain. Grenada admits Queen Elizabeth II,
the queen of England, as their queen. The parliamentary government consists of the Governor General who represents
the Queen, the Prime Minister, and the Cabinet. The prime minister is a hereditary position,
and there is no fixed tenure. The two-chamber parliament has members
elected for a 5-year term. The Senate has 13 members,
and the House of Representatives has 15 members. As for the parties, there are the conservative New National Party (NNP),
the center-left National Democratic Party(NDC), Grenada United Labour Party(GULP),
which promotes democratic socialism, and etc. On October 25, 1983, two days after
the extreme Marxist Maurice Bishop was murdered, the US led an invasion into Grenada to
stop the spread of communism and since then, there has been no army in Grenada that
takes charge of its own defense. Even until now, the forces trained by the US advisory
board has been in charge of the defense. About 600 police units maintain public security. Before Grenada’s independence,
its main exports were sugarcane and cacao. When France ruled over Grenada in the 17th century,
the sugarcane estate was established and a lot of black slaves were brought into Grenada. After the British occupation of Grenada in the mid-18th
century, sugarcane production expanded even more. However, as black slaves got liberated in
the 19th century, cacao exceeded sugarcane as the top export crop. Eventually, in the 20th century,
cacao became the major export crop. After its independence,
the international airport was built in 1985, and the tourism industry became a major source of
foreign currency income and economic foundation. Along with the offshore financial industry, manufacturing and construction are contributing to
the growth of national industries. However, in 2004 and 2005,
as Hurricane Ivan and Emily hit in a row, the economy was hit hard. Grenada has maintained a primary industry-oriented
economic structure for a long time, including agriculture, ranching, and fisheries. The main products are banana, cacao, nutmeg,
mace (a spice made from dried peels of nutmeg seeds), avocado,corn, and vegetables,
most of them being tropical crops. There was a time when 80% of exports and 24% of
the workforce were occupied by primary industry. Over time, the dependency on
agriculture has been gradually declining. Nowadays, the service industry accounts for
more than 70% of the GDP. Currently, tourism is the main source of
foreign currency income. Grenada’s main exports are agricultural products such as bananas, cocoa, nutmeg, vegetables, and mace. Major imports include food, manufactured goods,
machinery, chemicals, and fuel. Grenada’s major importers are St. Lucia, Antigua and Barbuda, Saint Kitts and Nevis,
the Dominican Republic, and USA. Grenada imports mainly from
Trinidad and Tobago, USA, and the UK. 4. Natural Environment & Culture Grenada is an island nation that lies to
the south of the Windward Islands, which is between the Caribbean and the North Atlantic. Grenada runs from north to south, and is 160km away
from the north of the Venezuelan coast. The oval-shaped island is the largest of
the Grenada islands, and there are two smaller islands. Grenada is a volcanic island of
34km in length and 19km in width. The mountains are widely spread out in the middle,
so it can be said to be a mountainous area. There are a lot of valleys, rivers, and crater lakes that
stretch out from the mountains as well as vast forests, which make very beautiful natural scenery.
Most of the population lives on the island of Grenada. The capital, St. George’s is a famous harbor city and is an excellent place for
a ship to go back and forth or anchor. Grenada has a tropical marine climate, with the temperature dropping to
20 degrees celsius when it’s the coldest. Temperatures can rise up to
33 degrees in the hottest times. There are only two seasons,
the wet season and the dry season, and hurricanes often pass through Grenada between
June and November. The damages caused by natural disasters are serious. Grenada has a mixed culture influenced by
Britain, Africa, the West Indies, and France. It has a professional performance group which performs big drum dances, which was influenced by Africa. The calypso and the steel band are popular there. Music is a traditional art that
weighs the biggest part in the culture of Grenada. At the carnival festival, which is held every August,
various events such as calypso contests, etc. are held and they play an important role in social integration. People of Grenada enjoy
soca, calypso, reggae music, etc. and rap music is popular among
the younger generation. Among the popular arts of Grenada,
Canute Calliste is gaining international fame. Canute Calliste is a figure who self-taught art and
pioneered a new path of popular art in Grenada. They say that he depicted his surroundings in
his own unique style onto the canvas. As a person who was born on an island, there are many paintings of Canute Calliste which
were inspired by mermaids. Cricket is also popular in Grenada from
the influence of historically being under England’s rule. In St. George’s, the capital,
a national cricket stadium was constructed and it held various domestic and
international cricket contests as well. So many types of spice is grown on Grenada that
it is nicknamed “the island of spices.” In reality, Grenada grows the largest amount of
spice per unit area in the whole world. People of Grenada say they can meet spices, each of
a unique scent anywhere they go on the island. The most popular spices are
cinnamon, cocoa, vanilla, nutmeg, mace, etc. Various spices are also used in
the traditional food of Grenada like this. ‘Oil down’ is the most popular traditional dish among
people of Grenada. This dish is a type of stew that is boiled with
white fish or salted pork, etc. along with coconut milk and
saffron (a type of spice), bread fruit, and taro leaves. 5. Character Of the representative figures of Grenada is
Kirani James, an athlete. He is a short distance runner who was born in 1992 and
he made prominence at 200m and 400m race. He became the first gold medalist of Grenada by winning a gold medal in the 400m race at
the 2012 London Olympics. Kirani James showed his talent of running since
he was little and he elevated the nation’s reputation by winning a gold medal in
various international competitions since he was young. When he was 14 years old, he participated in the 2007 Caribbean Free Trade Association Race for
athletes 17 years old or younger and won the gold medal by
running 400m in 47.86 seconds. Not only that, he also participated in the World Youth
Championships in Athletics in the same year and gained international fame by
winning a silver medal with 46.96 seconds. James, who participated in the Caribbean Free Trade
Association Race in 2009 for the third time, debuted in the competition for
athletes 20 years old or younger and he broke the record of the former 400m winner and
national athlete Rondell Bartholomew and won by setting his own
personal record of 45.45 seconds. A competition record of 45.45 seconds
is faster than 46.35 seconds, which was the new record set by Usain Bolt 6 years ago and it allowed James to win the Austin Silly award. James became the first youth athlete who
won the 200m and 400m race at the World Youth Championships for
Youth held in the same year and he continued to build a brilliant career not just as
a junior athlete but also as a professional athlete. He won gold medals at the World Championships which was held in 2011 in Daegu and at
the 2012 London Olympics and became the first Olympic gold medalist among
the athletes from Grenada. Moreover, he took an active part in
the 2016 Rio de Janeiro Olympics four years later by winning a silver medal, etc.

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