Frame Rates EXPLAINED: How To Film & Edit Mixed Frame Rate Video In Premiere Pro
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Frame Rates EXPLAINED: How To Film & Edit Mixed Frame Rate Video In Premiere Pro

September 15, 2019

– Hey guys, my name is Matt Johnson, and today I want to share with you how I shoot and edit video footage that is mixed frame rates. A lot of you have noticed
in my wedding films and my drone videos that I shoot at a variety of frame rates, sometimes at 24 frames per second, sometimes 30 FPS, 60 FPS, even 1020 FPS. And a lot of you have been
asking me two questions: first, why do you shoot
so many frame rates, and second: how do you edit all of those frame rates together in Adobe Premiere and make them look good? Well today, I’m excited to
say that I’m gonna be sharing both of those answers with you, so let’s open up Adobe Premiere. All right, welcome to
Adobe Premiere Pro CC 2018. I’m gonna go up here to Help, About, and you can see that
I’m on version 12.0.0. If you are on a different version, it should not matter because these settings and things I’m
gonna be walking you through apply to pretty much all
the versions of Premiere that I’ve ever used, so
don’t stress about that. Now let’s look over here
in the project window, and as you can see, I have
imported three video clips. One is at 23.976 frames per second, the other one is at
29.97 frames per second, and the last is at
59.94 frames per second. So, 24, 30, and 60 FPS,
if we’re rounding up here like everybody does. Now, I am a wedding filmmaker, and I shoot at a variety of frame rates throughout the wedding day, and as a rule, if I am filming anything
that has audio in it, such as a groom reading a
letter here, for example, or a wedding ceremony, or a wedding toast. Anything that has audio,
I want to shoot it at 24 frames per second
because that matches up with the frame rate of my timeline, which we will discuss in just a moment. Now, if I’m shooting anything that does not require audio to be
synchronized to the video, such as groom prep here, for example, I want to shoot that at
30 frames per second, and I have two reasons for doing that. The first is that, whenever you slow down 30 frames per second footage
to 24 frames per second, it makes it look all dreamy and magical. The other reason that’s also
more important than that is that it also takes out
any of the bumps, and shakes, and me getting my camera
caught in my beard, which has happened before. By shooting at 30 frames per second, it makes things just a little bit smoother once you slow it down,
and I’m a big fan of that. I need all the help that
I can get in that area. Lastly, we have 60 frames
per second footage here, which, as you can see, this is
the bride and groom together, and the reason that I want to shoot that at 60 frames per second is because it’s a very
big, emotional moment and I wanna drag that
out as long as possible. So if they’re staring
at each other’s eyes, I want them to stare at
each other for a long time, and by shooting at 60 frames per second and being able to slow that
down to 24 frames per second, it is gonna make that stare long, and it’s gonna look really, really pretty. Now that I’ve explained all that, it is now time for us
to create a new timeline so we can edit these video clips. But we have an issue, because
if I scroll over here, you’re gonna see under video info that these first two clips are
3840 by 2160, 4K resolution, but this last clip is 1920 by 1080, 1080p. How are we gonna create a sequence that works with both of these? Well, I have good news for you, because I have created a video that covers how to edit videos that
are multiple resolutions in one timeline. So, I would highly
recommend watching that. I will link to it up here in the corner and down in the description. But for the sake of brevity
here in this tutorial, so I don’t have to go through all that, all I’m going to do is I’m
going to create a new sequence and I’m going to upscale
my 1080p clips to 4K. Now, let’s make a timeline. I’m gonna go up here
to File, New, Sequence, and that is gonna open up the
new sequence dialogue box, which is where we’re gonna tell Premiere the video frame rate and resolution that we want to be editing
and exporting our video at. In this case, we’re gonna wanna go to one of the sequence presets, and we’re gonna select RED R3D. Even though I did not
shoot this video on a Red, I shot it on an A7S2,
that does not matter. What matters is that in these presets there are settings that match up perfectly with these settings of the video that I shot. So we’re gonna click the little
dropdown here for RED R3D, and we’re gonna go down to HD 4K, and we’re gonna select 4K HD 16×9 23.976. Now, this is the sequence that
I’m gonna be editing with, and I want you to pay attention
to the frame rate here, 23.976 frames per second. Any time that I shoot
any video that has audio that I need to sync up with the
lips of the person speaking, then I want to be shooting
at 23.976 frames per second, because I will not be making
this footage slow motion. If you shoot it at
higher frames per second and then try to make it slow motion, everybody’s gonna be talking slow, and it’s not going to match up. So, my recommendation to you is that any time you shoot
anything where you require the audio to sync up,
I recommend shooting at 23.976 frames per second. But you’re telling me,
“Matt, I’ve shot stuff “at other frames per second. “I’ve shot stuff at 30, and 60, and 120. “Do I still select 23.976?” Yes, because all of that footage that you are gonna be making slow motion at 30 FPS, 60 FPS, 120 FPS, on and on, we are gonna be turning that into 23.976 frames per second footage later on in this tutorial. So, with this preset selected, we are now ready to begin editing, so let’s go down here to sequence name and we’re gonna name
this Framerate Tutorial. Yeah, that sounds good, let’s hit Okay. Next, let’s go over here and start dragging some clips down to the timeline. First I’m gonna drag this clip that is 23.976 frames per second,
because that matches the timeline settings here perfectly. Drag it down, no pop-ups at all. And man, look at that,
that looks really great. Let’s hit play. As you can see, it’s playing smoothly, it’s playing at the exact same
frame rate as the timeline, so it matches perfectly. Let’s shorten this clip down,
’cause it’s really long, so we have room for other clips here. And let’s drag down our
29.97 frames per second clip, so our 30 FPS clip. Drag it down here to the
timeline, put it over, and we’re gonna hit play. And as you can see, things
look a little stuttery. It’s not quite as smooth, and the reason for tat is because we’re dropping this 30
frames per second clip directly onto a 24 frames
per second timeline, and whenever it does
that, Premiere has to do a lot of background math
to actually get rid of six frames every second because it is trying to make this
30 frames per second clip 24 frames per second. Next, let’s drag the 59.94
frames per second video clip onto the timeline here and hit play. And you’re gonna see it actually
looks really stuttery too because Premiere is having to drop over half of the frames to make this work on a 24 frames per second timeline. It doesn’t look bad, honestly, but it’s not super smooth. It doesn’t look nearly as smooth as the 4K footage here at
24 frames per second. That stuff, smooth as butter, I love it. There isn’t really any way you can make 30 or 60 frames per second
footage play back smoothly on a 24 frames per second timeline unless you make the clip slow motion. This is why I recommend that if you are planning on shooting at higher frame rates than
24 frames per second, to only shoot them if you are planning on making the clip slow motion. Now, I know that there are
people out there that say, “Oh man, you should shoot everything “at 60 frames per
second, it looks awesome! “You can slow down anything
that you want to in post.” And that is true, but the issue
that you’re gonna run into is that as soon as you need to play back any of those 60 frames per
second clips in real time on a 24 frames per second timeline, they’re gonna look jittery,
they’re gonna look stuttery, and they’re not gonna look as good as footage that you shot
at 24 frames per second. So, my recommendation to you, and this is what I follow as well, be very intentional with the
frame rates that you shoot at. Do not shoot at 60 frames
per second because, oh, man I might wanna slow something down. No, look at your shot,
be decisive and say, “I’m gonna want this
in slow motion in post, “I’m gonna shoot it at 60. “I do not want this to be
in slow motion in post, “I’m gonna shoot this at 24.” Be very intentional with that, because that way your
footage is gonna look better because you made that decision in-camera, and you were not waiting till post to make a choice. One last thing that I’ll say is do not add footage to a timeline where the timeline frame rate is higher than the footage frame rate. So, if you have a timeline of
30 frames per second footage, do not put a 23.976
clip onto that timeline, because you’re going to deal with Premiere attempting to create
magically out of thin air six frames, and it’s
gonna look really weird. Okay, great Matt, you’ve
rambled about frame rate for quite a while now, but
my clips on my timeline are still not in slow motion. So, can we finally cover how to do that? Yes, yes we can. You have a couple options here for how you wanna do that. Namely, you could right click on one of your clips on your timeline and go to speed/duration, and for a 60 frames per second clip, you could set it to 40% speed, roughly, hit Okay, and hit play. Hey, all right, that’s in slow motion, that doesn’t look bad. Or let’s press ctrl+z or
cmd+z if you’re on a Mac, and we’ll go back, and
let’s press the R key, which is going to bring up
the rate stretch tool here, and I can click on the end of this clip, and I can start to drag it out. That doesn’t look bad. Still slightly stutery that way. But I have a better way to do things. You do not need to go through that. And this is my favorite way to make my clips slow motion. First we’re gonna go down
here to the timeline, we’re gonna select all the clips that we had already added, and we’re going to press the delete key, ’cause we do not need those clips anymore. Second, I’m gonna go up
here to the Project window, and you’re gonna see that
I have my three clips here with the three separate frame rates. And what I first want you to know is that this is one of the first things that I do any time I am editing a video in Premiere. So, I go out and I shoot a big event, I import all the footage into Premiere, now I do this step. I’m gonna go to my
first clip in my footage and I’m gonna select it. Then I’m gonna go to the
last clip in my footage, I’m gonna hold down the shift key, and I’m gonna click,
and that is gonna select all of the clips. So imagine that there are
hundreds of clips that I’ve shot. I want them all selected. Next, I’m going to right click on the name of any one of these
clips, it does not matter, and that’s gonna bring
up this right click menu, and I’m gonna go down to
Modify, Interpret Footage, and that’s gonna bring up
the Modify Clip dialogue box. Next, I’m gonna go over
here to frame rate, and as you can see, it currently says “Use Frame Rate from File.” Instead, we want to select
“Assume this frame rate,” and we’re gonna type in 23.976. So, instead of Premiere
reading the frame rates that every single individual video file is reporting that it has, instead it’s gonna view all
of the individual video clips as being at 23.976 frames per second. Next we’re gonna click Okay. Now look over here at our frame rates. Instead of them being different, now they all say 23.976 frames per second. How cool is that? Now let’s go and select
one of these video clips. This is the one that was already
23.976 frames per second. So, by changing those settings, it actually did nothing to it, and it’s still playing back smoothly. We’ll shorten that down a bit. Next, let’s look over here at our 30 frames per second footage. I’m gonna drag this down on the timeline. And as you can see, it is
a little bit longer than what it was before. It’s a little imperceptible, but I’m gonna hit play on this here. Wait for me to get focused. And you can see that
things are slightly slower. It feels just slightly different, and I’m a big fan of how that looks. Lastly, let’s go over here to our 60 frames per second clip and we’re gonna drag that to the timeline. And, as you can see, it
got significantly longer. Look at that. So, let’s go here and hit play, and oh my gosh, look at that! It’s so smooth, it looks incredible! I love the slow motion! Oh my gosh, it looks great! And we did not have to take
a ton of steps to do it. It was just a few clicks
and all of our clips were made slow motion. I absolutely love this technique for making slow motion footage. Makes my job and my life so much easier. To Premiere, all of these clips are now 23.976 frames per second,
so whereas I started with 24, and 30, and 60
frames per second clips, all of them, to Premiere,
are now the same, and they look great. That’s it, thank you so much for watching. I hope this video’s been helpful to you and given you some great insight into how to edit video clips that
are at varied frame rates. As I mentioned earlier, I have
another video that details how I edit videos that
have varied resolutions. So, between these two videos, you should be pretty covered as far as resolution and frame rate go. Pretty excited about that. I will link to the resolution
video up in the corner and down in the description of this video. I also have three other videos all about my export settings that I use whenever I’m exporting to YouTube, Vimeo, Facebook, or Instagram, and at different resolutions. So, if you wanna export at 4K, or 1080, or Instagram resolution, ’cause it actually has a resolution, I will link to those down
in the description as well. As always, if you have
any questions or comments, please feel free to leave one below or get in touch with me through
my website, It is also a behemoth help to me if you would consider liking this video and subscribing if you wanna see more videos like this in the future. I also have links down in
the description of this video if you wanna check them out. The link to my Instagram, and my Facebook, and how to sign up for
one-on-one consulting with me, and how to sign up for my newsletter, and links to my wedding
film production company. All that is down in the
description of this video. Thank you so much for watching, and have a great day.

Only registered users can comment.

  1. Just a question on an issue I'm currently dealing with: how can I take footage shot on 50 fps and get it down to 25 fps WITHOUT it being in slow motion?

    I'm lumped editing material that was shot half on 25 and half on 50 fps and I need it all to sync well with the available sound (it's an interview), as well as avoid the fidgety motion of the latter. Should I convert them in some other way before lumping them on to Adobe – and will there be an issue about the final export if there is footage of mixed frame rates edited together?

    I would be grateful for any advice.

  2. Hi good day @Matt WhoisMatt Johnson I watched your video and I am so amazed at the information provided in this video, such a masterpiece. Just one question, does this applies to drone footage as well ? Because I'm using a Mavic Air, and definitely while shooting at 24fps, I will get jittery stuttering footage, which isn't smooth, whereas if I shoot at 30fps, it will be smooth as butter, so I got to thinking, can I follow your method of filming at 30fps, and then converting it to 24 fps exactly the same way you did in premiere pro ? In that sense of shooting in 30fps, then converting it to 24fps using your method in premiere pro, would I then have the smoothness of 30fps, and also the cinematic look of 24fps ?

  3. well I m in problem bro, all my travelling videos are in 24 fps by default because they all recorded through iPhone, so if I am adding some speed ramps or slow motions it's getting flicker / double image or u can say ghosting effect! it not smooth at all in slow motion at 60%
    how do I solve this?

  4. Nice video. Thank you! But why I can not drag any other clips on the timeline with a different frame rate then the original one? What am I doing wrong? Anything on the setting? I have tried many clips with different rates and I am only allowed to drag the clips with the same rate as the original, it only recognizes the audio. Please, someone help! Thank you!

  5. If you have two prints of the Same movie, one rated at 29.97fps ; the other 25fps, is it true the 29.97fps version will play for several minutes longer than the 25fps version, even though scene for scene, shot for shot, nothing has been cut?

  6. I am not a fan of weddings, really. Like, at all, but I find myself coming back to your videos pretty often.

  7. Hello,

    I am trying to understand why the "Frame
    rate" says 29. 999925 instead of 29

    Does .999925 start at .000000 and go up to
    .999999 before creating the next frame example "30.000000 ?

    Then the numbers start counting again before
    creating the next frame ?

    This is my assumption, please help me
    understand why the frame rate number has the additional numbers example
    ".999925" ?

    Any help would be greatly appreciated.

  8. What if I don't want to low down a 60fps video clip and play multiple clips of 30fps and 60 fps in same resolution, then what will be the sequence settings? anyone?

  9. Can anyone help.. I don’t have that window in the top left of the workspace. The one where the clips are modified.

  10. Haha, I've got a Shoot happening tomorrow. Totally sitting here the past 1 hour digging through all your videos! Still going strong. Haha, Love your humour and great ways of explaining things out. But hey! Quick Question, Does it work the same way with Final Cut Pro?

  11. Hi Matt, I work with smartphone video and some of my trainees use apps that shoot video that they want to use the audio from, at both 25fps (if they're using an app like Filmic Pro) and 30fps (if they forget to use the app and wind up using the native camera, which on most phones shoots at 30). So the thing I need to be able to do is reconcile both those types of footage in Premiere Pro so that the audio from both can be retained, without slowing anything down or having it 'glitch'. Any thoughts?

  12. I can't even tell you how long I've been confused about what frame rate to shoot in! Thank you so much for making this tutorial!

  13. hi im having real problems, im trying to create videos of me and my dauther, but the camera changed the frame rate by itself. nut my basic editing software will not allow me to add my clips together.. ive never had this before when i used my old equipment years ago and im finding it very stressful and difficult. please help. its only a sony play memories as i cant afford a decent movie maker yet. thanks please comment people i feel so stupid.

  14. Thanks for the incredible useful information. My problem is that I filmed an interview with 50 fps and I need to make it smother but not slower, is there a way to to that?

  15. Being from the Northeast us, Boston to be exact. It is wicked mint to have someone talk the way I think. So thank you. It's not all slow and drawn out, and lik OMG, UMMMMMMM, lets me see, wait what…yeah so anywho. Thank you, however, I, do still need to learn proper editing, although, I am no spring chicken and probably gonna sub it out. Any takers!!??
    Thanks again MAtt, new sub here

  16. Dude… I've watched so many videos to understand this topic… wish I could get all that time back because this is the only video I needed. Thank you!

  17. You're amazing man! This video has been super-helpful. I will be looking into the "resolution" video once I can manage some more time. For now – subscribed! and notification bell activated!

  18. I'm curious: what's the benefit of ever shooting at 30fps for an 80% slowmo, rather than shooting everything at 60fps which can be converted to either 40% OR 80% slowmo? Other than a slight (and often imperceptible) variation in motion blur, these two will playback identically in a 24fps timeline; 80% of 60fps is 48fps, ergo Premiere can evenly discard every other frame.

  19. great video … one question in relation to shutter speeds. For a 25p sequence (im in europe!), do I use the 180 degree shutter rule when filming ie 1/100 for 50p, or do I match the sequence setting of 25p, so 1/50 shutter speed. I have tried 50p at 1/100 shutter speed however, once in the 25p sequence, the modified 50p to 25p (slo Mo) clips play smooth, but the 50p unmodified (real-time) clips play back choppy, as it should as it was filmed with a 1/100 shutter.

  20. In case anyone doesn't know this already, make sure when you are switching between shooting different frame rates, that you also switch your shutter speed to be double that. A lot of cameras cannot do exactly double, so you'll have to round.
    Example: 24fps=50 SS; 30fps=60 SS; 60fps=125 SS; and 120fps=250 SS.

  21. Thank you Matt! One question though. Once you interpret the different frame rates to be 23.97 FPS would you be able to speed the slow 60 FPS footage to normal speed WITHOUT it stuttering? I know you said you could speed it up but would it stutter….

  22. hey , how to convert 100 fps to 25 fps . I tired making 25 fps timeline sequence but its cropping and lagging during playback. what's the best setting to make normal footage

  23. what if i shot every thing in 60fps and keep the project at 60fps and do slow mo when i needed? coz sometimes you shot normal and you wana do slow mo between them

  24. You've just explained to me, simply, in a few minutes what others have failed to mention. I just shoot in any frame rate as you say then wonder why some of my exports are choppy. Many thanks. I'll be sure to be a little more conscious from now on 👍

  25. 9:15 – This is gold right here – Interpret Footage. Got my 120fps footage to maintain its slow motion at 23.976fps, and YT-upload friendly. You the man Matt Johnson. 👊

  26. What a golden personality seriously. Thank you for these extremely thorough straight to the point high quality videos. I couldn’t resist clicking everything from subscribe to like to wow I can’t leave without leaving a comment!

  27. Good stuff! Clarifying question, though: Does the rule of being intentional about frame rate apply when using a gimbal and/or a drone? Just wondering if leaving the drone at a higher frame rate is really an issue since shake it pretty much non-existent. Thanks!

  28. hmmm… nice video BUT you didn't tell us how to mix (for example) a 60fps footage in a 23.967fps timeline WITHOUT slow motion !!!

  29. That was awesome. Something that I had no idea and was just blindly stretching and compressing without the foresight. Much appreciated Matt.

  30. I've interpreted multiple fps footage in Premiere Pro to 23.976. I've synced all my audio and everything is going smoothly in Premiere Pro. When I export, some of my shots (the ones I changed from 50fps to 23.976fps in my sequence) are suddenly not in sync with the audio? HELP. Anyone know how to fix this?

  31. I fell the same Way as Erica Rodriguez !
    Stellar explanation of what can really be a tricky subject for us beginners!

  32. Hi Matt I have been trying out you method of converting all video clips to the same frame rate. Initially, all was fine but when I rendered the finished film I found that some of the clips didn't play correctly. It seemed that some clips were cut short of even frozen in places. I eventually altered the sequence setting from Red R3D to DNXHD and the issue resolved itself. Can you advise why this should be the case? Great YouTube videos by the way.

  33. i messed up and i have talking vid at 30 fps and drone at 4k 24 fps, also another talking at 60 fps, if i do all this, my talking 60 fps will slow down, correct? thanks in advance

  34. Hello, thanks for your many great videos!

    I have a problem and unfortunately I can not fix it. I have footage with 59.94fps. Some shots are supposed to be slowmotions, and I re-interpreted the entire footage in 23.976fps. If I now make these shots, which are to be spiked in real time by 240% faster, they jerk strongly. My sequence is also set to 23.976fps. I do not know what I'm doing wrong. Can you possibly help me? 🙁

  35. Just wondering if FCPX has a function similar to what you did here??? I tried to find one and looks like it doesn't.

  36. If some of my clips were shot in 120fps in order to make speed ramp parts …. should I worry about the normal speed playback part or just ignore it?

  37. So how would this work with a speed ramp? If I convert a 60fps clip down to 24fps it will automatically playback in slow motion. Does this mean I have to speed the parts that I don’t want slowed down? For example the walking clip. Maybe I want the first 3 seconds to playback at a normal speed but then maybe 2 seconds slowed down and then ramp it back up again to normal

  38. Hello Matt
    Awesome tutorial!
    I have a problem though: When I mark the clips and change the framrate to 23,976 and press ok, nothing happens. I right click the clip, and it still says 30 fps, and when I drag it to the timeline it still asks if I want to change the settings, so it somehow does not add the 23,976 fps. What do I do?
    Best regards

  39. Hello Matt, thanks for making these tutorials. I have a problem using the same method with interpret footage from 60fps to 23,976 on a 23,976 timeline, it still looks stuttery and I tried with optical flow and frame blending aswell. Is this happening because I did a panning move or because of shutter speed? I use 1/100 to avoid flickering indoor. If it's not a panning move it's ok, it looks smooth. Thank you !

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