Getting a Handle on the Bill of Rights – Part 1
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Getting a Handle on the Bill of Rights – Part 1

August 24, 2019

The Bill of Rights. They’re basically like the ten commandments
of the United States. And just like the ten commandments, most Americans
can only name three or four. Let’s solve that problem today. Whether you need to study for a test or are
just curious about a quick and easy way to remember all ten, there’s a little trick
using just your ten fingers that I learned several years ago from a fellow youtuber named
Keith Hughes, of Hip Hughes History. – Link – His version doesn’t cover all
ten and I’ve adapted them a little bit over the years. This is just a basic overview and does not
cover all of the little intricacies of each amendment, just the broad, important points. Anyway, let’s start, predictably, with the
first amendment. Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment
of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech,
or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the
Government for a redress of grievances. The first amendment has five freedoms. And they can all be represented with one finger. Speech. Press. Religion. Petition. Assembly. I discuss speech in great detail in my last
video, so I won’t repeat too much of it here. The main point is that the first amendment
protects you from the government – most of the time – you can still lose your job,
be kicked off of a team, or be banned from a website. The second freedom, press, is pretty straight
forward. Here in the United States we have no state-run
broadcasting system. Even free countries in Europe have channels
that are controlled by the government – most famously the BBC. They’re still granted a wide berth when
it comes to freedom. But here in the US the state is not allowed
to dictate what is and is not printed. There are very few exceptions however, usually
related to immediate national security. The most recent example that comes to mind
is that many news outlets knew about the Osama bin Laden raid before they broadcasted it
– at the request of the government – because one of the helicopters had crashed and broadcasting
that news may have put those on the ground at even more risk. Religion actually has two parts, often forgotten
by many people learning and even teaching these rights – this will probably another
video in itself. “Congress shall make no law respecting an
establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof;” The first part
is called the establishment clause. This is the basis for the separation of church
and state – a phrase which is actually never mentioned anywhere else in the constitution. The establishment clause is why hanging the
ten commandments courthouses gets contested every year. It’s also why having a nativity scene on
the city hall lawn also faces the same protests. It’s also why the US is under no threat
of converting to sharia law… The second part of the religious freedom section
is the free exercise clause. This is the one everyone remembers. There are no laws restricting what religion
you belong to or which one you practice. But like speech, this doesn’t mean you can
refuse to do your job or homework because it is against your religion. It’s not some invincibility cloak you can
cover yourself with whenever you have to do something you don’t want to. It’s also why a certain presidential candidate’s
plan to ban an entire religion from entering the country would be completely unconstitutional. In pre-revolutionary America, if you had a
problem with the government, you could write a letter that would very likely fall on deaf
ears. And very possibly just be used as wadding
for the next musket ball. But with the first amendment, you are guaranteed
the ability to petition the government when you think they are doing something wrong. – poke Wheatley – If you actually read
it, the declaration of independence is actually just a several pages of whiney-sounding complaints
and grievances. Imagine writing your boyfriend a long letter
of all the things he’s been doing wrong over the last several years, followed by,
“that’s why we’re breaking up.” I have a feeling that letter won’t be immortalized
by time. The final right, assembly, is pretty obvious. You are allowed to publicly gather and protest. There are unfortunately many rules about where
and when you’re allowed to do so… which often leads to the police getting in riot
gear and some might say abusing their power. Every case is different so there’s no way
I could address them all in one video. But please pay attention to the fact that
you are allowed to peaceably assemble. Burning cars and looting buildings really
isn’t covered by the first amendment. A well regulated Militia, being necessary
to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall
not be infringed. This is another one that deserves an entire
video to itself. But basically – vacuum – The amendment
was meant to allow regular citizens to have the means t defend themselves from the frontier,
namely Indians, not from an oppressive government. The idea that they would put something n the
constitution for the expressed purpose of allowing an armed rebellion is a little ridiculous. – vacuum – but another fun fact, the Supreme
Court didn’t actually rule that the second amendment applies to the individual citizen
for home defense until 2008. Now to the third amendment, stick with me
this one gets a little weird. No Soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered
in any house, without the consent of the Owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be
prescribed by law. So back before independence, British soldiers
didn’t really have barracks and were often quartered in people’s homes. This served a dual purpose, both saving the
army the cost of building mass housing, but also keeping the locals in line by having
a soldier in the house. So obviously, when it came time to come up
with our own rules, that one had to go. But look at the wording of that amendment
again… No soldier shall be quartered in any house…
unless we need to during war. Why even have that part?! We’re not going to do this. Unless we have to. What?! Fun side note, the UK has no such amendment. So when American soldiers were sent over to
Britain to prepare for the invasion of Europe, they were regularly quartered with families. So, how do you remember this one? With the three-legged soldier. You can think of it however you want. A weirdly mutated Fallout soldier… a soldier
with a crutch… or just go with the truth that all soldiers are naturally well-endowed. No matter which you go with, I guarantee you
won’t forget it now. The right of the people to be secure in their
persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall
not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath
or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons
or things to be seized. This is your protection against unreasonable
search and seizure. A lot of people interpret this as your right
to privacy, however nowhere is that actually written and is another debate entirely. This protects you against entering your house
or having your car searched unless they have a warrant or probable cause. What is probable cause? Someone screaming help… Something visible in the window. And while I know I’ll get a lot of flak
from the pothead community for saying this… your drug of choice has a very unique smell
that be very easily detected and constitutes probably cause. Naturally, the fourth amendment has come under
fire recently with Edward Snowden’s exposure of multiple NSA programs that violate it as
well as the countless cases over the country of police officers searching and arresting
people without probable cause. So it’s getting pretty late so I’m just going
to finish up by putting the flotation devices in the slots that I’ve created. Then I’ll sew these up, add some snaps and
stuff to it, and you’ll get to see it in action next week when I finish the Bill of Rights.

Only registered users can comment.

  1. One thing we can definitely say about Islam is that is it not solely
    confined to a belief system. If it is a religion it is not a religion
    only. Islam is a total system of life and contains within itself a
    particular social system, judicial system, and political system which
    includes geo-political aspirations – the conquest and administration of
    territory….. I read that and I wanted to share it so you can see that we can ban anyone that says they are Islamic from entering the country.

  2. Listening while making lunch.   The vacuum cleaner sounded just like the guys that use leaf blowers.  Shit, they have to use leaf blowers in the middle of….oh….

  3. Ban an entire religion that doesn't want Americans to live because it is their religion belief. Oh but didn't you just say… But wait some are good people,et them move here. How do you know they are good? Can they live in your house???
    "Rioting is government's term when it should actually be called "revolt". Philadelphia police cannot burn a house down and 65 others just because they do not like those black people! Oh wait again, yes they can. And those religious nuts in Waco too, they can go to hell, right.
    I cannot wait to hear your 2nd Amendment blather. You are an utter moron at this point. I will catch it later. A "certain" candidate" was a real sour grapes and a John Oliver type of "insider humor". You know what? We get it. And we are sick of hearing it. It is lame.

  4. 3rd Amendment ~THANKS for the mental picture. I always use word association to remember historical facts… The 3 Legged Soldier, I will NEVER forget… 🙂

  5. I like your videos and will continue watch them all. But I am genuinely curious as to why you didn’t let us hear the second amendment side of things? Perhaps I should have said I am curious as to what you did say:)

  6. Freedom of speech is something that Conservatives have an interestingly difficult time understanding. YouTube has every right to tell Alex Jones to fuck off with his absurd conspiracy theory bullshit. Your ferret is ridiculously cute btw.

  7. Why we still have the 3rd is in case of an invasion and worst case scenario the civilians would be able to provide shelter to soldiers and regroup etc.

  8. I'm from England, so excuse my ignorance, but it sounds like the Bill Of Rights, is mostly amendments to the Constitution?

  9. Come on dude, at least get a cutting board to put under that foam when you cut. If nothing else it'll catch the little bits that come off and make cleanup easier. You're killing me here.

  10. Knowing better that's an odd name. No president in recent history has tried to ban any religious sect from entering the country.

  11. WTF dude i dont care that you purposely Avoided talking about the 2nd Amendment for what ever reason that might be its your legal right to… But Clearly & i dont care if am being anal here but you missed a pretty big piece of the Styrofoam right in front your couch. You leave me no choice but to unwillingly agree with people that in your case i guess its true what they say and that is that its highly likely that people do things in relation to the way they do everything.. Incomplete/Cant finish the task.. W.E but kudos on looking out for your Ferret just remember if you take him/her out to swim, you also have to bring him/her out when their done swimming please ok lets not forget that or avoid it .. I believe in you buddy.

  12. Little fun fact about the Bill of Rights: Madison didn't originally include them in the Constitution because he was worried it would create the implication that just because it wasn't in the Constitution it wasn't a right (i.e. he predicted originalism and its potential negative implications on civil rights law 200 years ago)

  13. I normally like your videos, but this one is the worst ever! From way too many distractions and mumble shots to the obviously politically oriented vacuum cleaner running while describing the 2nd. Now I get that you might not like the 2nd, and even less how the SCOTUS has lately interpreted it, but just say so.

  14. The vacuum gag is annoying. How can you claim to teach while censoring what you're talking about? What a total lack of integrity. Seriously disappointing.

  15. Kinda missed point with public/national owned channels in Europe. They are usually paid by extra radio/TV tax and have independent councils overseeing them. They are supposed to be independent from being just government channel that can say what they broad cast.

  16. 3:40 talking about Trump eh? Big bad orange man. I don’t think banning a few Muslim countries which happen to makeup a large percentage of the terrorist attacks in our country is equivalent to banning “an entire religion” there are over 1.6 billion Muslims, perhaps you should do some math on how man’s are now banned from entering the US because it is not 1.6 billion

  17. 0:20 why do the English captions not match the video AT ALL? Whoever made the captions for you needs to be fired.

  18. The BBC is NOT government-controlled. It is an independent corporation funded out of a specific tax called the TV licence fee. If the government ever tries to control what it broadcasts, it will be the first to tell us that it's being censored. And you admit that the US government restricts what can be broadcast sometimes by imposing an embargo. Exactly the same in the UK.

    Preventing establishment of religion does not prevent shari'a law. Congress could impose that if it wanted to. Law is law. Religion is religion.

  19. Sorry. I enjoy your usually well-presented and informative videos, but this one had too many distractions going on outside the narrative.

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