Government and Democracy
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Government and Democracy

August 26, 2019

Government is the people and institutions
that lead a country, province, territory or community. Governments manage the land, resources,
and people living within its borders. Around the world, various types of government
make decisions and rules for people in different ways. A Dictatorship is when one person or group
has total power, normally from a military-takeover, and they govern through a one-party system.
Political opposition is forbidden and individual political and civil rights are normally restricted. An Oligarchy is a type of government where
a small group of people, normally the richest, hold all political power. Not surprisingly,
most decisions are made only to serve their own interests. A Democracy is a type of government, where,
ideally, a majority of the people are included in political decision-making. In democratic
countries, citizens elect politicians through a vote to make decisions on their behalf.
Citizens are also free to run for office, and they have protected rights like freedom
of speech and religion. So where does Canada fit in? We’re a parliamentary democracy. We elect
representatives to our parliament and legislatures. In a parliamentary democracy, the political
party with the most number of representatives in parliament forms government, and its leader
becomes the prime minister. And what exactly is a political party? It’s a group of like-minded people with
a shared vision and similar values that wish to achieve power through an election. But that’s not all. Canada is also a constitutional
monarchy, which means the Queen or King is our head of state and is guided by our Constitution. Although Queen Elizabeth II lives in England,
she’s also the Queen of Canada, and she has appointed officials to represent her at
the federal and provincial level. Even though the Queen and her reps have important
ceremonial and symbolic functions, our constitution limits the amount of power she has in our
country. It is our parliament and elected representatives that make the decisions and
decide which laws to create and change. This ensures that above all else, Canada remains
a democracy.

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