How are decisions made in Parliament? | Types of Bills in Indian Parliament | Eclectic
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How are decisions made in Parliament? | Types of Bills in Indian Parliament | Eclectic

December 9, 2019

In the last episode, I explained the Parliament
of India. We saw Lok Sabha. Rajya Sabha eligibility and the election process. Now let us see how the decisions are made
in the Indian Parliament? How bills. Policies and amendments are passed? So hi guys this is Pratik and you are watching
eclectic. now when it comes law making both Lok Sabha
and Rajya Sabha have equal powers. Only except in the area of finance. In finance Lok sabha holds more power. Lok Sabha can override Rajya Sabha’s vote
when it comes to financing. Now our last and important question remains. What is the procedure of decision-making? Or You can say procedure of passing bills
or policies or amendments. For that first, understand the types of bills. There are 4 types of bills
Money bills – these are the bills related to taxes, borrowings, consolidated, contingency
funds, audits, and accounting. Definition of money bill is given in article
110. Article 109 of the constitution gives special
procedures regarding money bills. Financial bills – It is a bill which deals
with revenues or expenditure. Revenues mean earnings of the government. How does the Indian government earn money? The major revenue source of the government
is taxation. Taxes on businesses, income, petrol and etc
apart from that tourism and railways. Now expenditure means spendings of the government. The government of India spends money on transportation,healthcare. Education, business ecosystems, policies for
farmers and etc Now, these two bills can only be introduced
in Lok Sabha on the Recommendation of President. Lok Sabha after getting the majority of votes
for their bill sends that bill to Rajya Sabha. Rajya Sabha can suggest some changes in the
bill within 14 days. But, even if Lok Sabha says no to these changes. Parliament has to pass financial or money
bills. Remember I told you Lok sabha holds more power
when it comes to financing. When Parliament passes this bill, there is
no need to go to the president. Because financial and money bills are always
introduced on the recommendation of the President. Constitutional Amendment bills. Under article 368 of the Indian Constitution. Parliament
of India has the right to amend the constitution. Amend means suggesting a change in the constitution. Because our constitution was written in 1950
nearly before 70 years from now. But now the world is changing rapidly and
to keep up with it there can be some important changes needed in the constitution. Parliament can suggest changes in the constitution
but it cannot change or replace the constitution. For example, you have your home your own house
consider it is your constitution. You can change the interior designing of your
house but you cannot leave that house. So that is how it is? The changes Parliament makes are the amendments. Anyway, Amendment bill can be introduced in
both houses without the recommendation of the President. Amendment bill has to gain a majority in Lok
Sabha and Rajya Sabha separately. Amendment Bill goes to President When it is
passed by both Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha. President has three choices He can approve. Second, He can withhold his approval, in other
words, he can withhold his assent and third, he can return it. When he returns amendment bill. If that bill again gains the majority in both
houses. Then President has to approve it. Now the last one ordinary bill. These are the bills related to general matters
other than money or financial bills. Again this bill can be introduced in both
houses and can be passed by a simple majority. So that is it for today. But do you know India faces some real disadvantages
because of the Parliamentary System? Yes just like nothing is perfect in the world,
parliamentary system has its own disadvantages. That discussion is for the next episode also
we are going to compare the parliamentary and Presidential System in that Video. So press the notification button and keep
following all episodes of this series. Thank You all for watching. See You Soon.

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  1. Sir can you please tell me what is your educational qualification if u don't mind just for a knowledge..please it's my humble request..i hope u will definitely tell me …Nice explanation..God bless u sir…

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