How Does Parliament Work?
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How Does Parliament Work?

September 16, 2019

In the UK our government consists of the Queen Parliament and the executive which is the Prime Minister and his or her cabinet The Prime Minister and his or her cabinet consists almost entirely of Members of Parliament which are you might have already guessed this From parliament Oh and quite importantly, the Prime Minister cannot actually get anything done cannot run the country or pass laws, without the consent of Parliament. so it’s safe to say that the Prime Minister relies pretty heavily on Parliament. Parliament has two houses, One called the house of commons which consists of 650 individual MPs, or Members of parliament Which each represent one consitituency in the UK Every four or five years there is a general election, Which is when the constituents the people who live in a constituency Get to decide who their MP is by voting, Because of this, the House of Commons is often refered to as the elected chamber in contrast to The house of lords. The house of lords is not elected and instead is made up of about 800 Lords, who are not elected. But hey, wait a minute you haven’t actually explained how Parliament works? We know how it gets elected, but what’s it doing in that time between elections? When Parliament is in session, when it is active, most of the time is spent debating, scrutinising, amending, voting on and, eventually turning bills into laws Both houses have the power to create and scuritinise bills which are what laws are before they are passed by Parliament. However it is mostly the house of commons that starts off bills and the House of Lords cannot actually prevent a Bill from becoming a Law or reject it, they can only delay it. This is because the House of Commons is the upper house and the elected house, they are the house most in touch with ordinary people so are therefore more likely to represent the views of the public, so it is said. For a Bill to become a law, it must pass multiple readings, Committees and votes in both houses all of which scrutinise and possibly amend the bill and ensure that it is the best possible legislation in the eyes of both houses. Once a bill has passed all of these stages which is often quite rare, it will be signed into law by the Queen, a process know as ‘Royal Assent’ So that’s how Parliament works, pretty confusing isn’t it? Thanks for watching and please like, share and definitely subscribe.

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