How the United States Constitution Was Created
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How the United States Constitution Was Created

October 8, 2019

With the Declaration of Independence, the
13 American colonies began to wage war against the British government. The only problem was that each of these colonies had their own ideas of how to govern. How could they fight a war together if they were not united? What if they defeated the British? What
then? The Continental Congress was composed of delegates from each colony. They had met together to draw up a
declaration but there was nothing to hold them together after the war began,
only their common complaints against Great Britain. They decided to draw up a
document that would give them legal authority to form a government. They
would need the government when they defeated the British. The Articles of
Confederation were drawn up in 1777. They were ratified by each state in 1781.
They would serve as the nation’s first constitution. As stated in Article 3,
it was a league of friendship between the states. United by their desire for
independence and freedom, thirteen states combine to form the League of Friendship. Together they worked to provide for a central government. It did not provide for a
central government. It was a loose partnership of states that
promised to help each other when needed. Georgia’s first constitution approved in
1777 was simple, too. There were only eight counties and only one house in the
legislature. There was a governor but he had no power. He served just one term. The legislative branch had the real power and could
override any of the governor’s decisions. The government also had a judicial
branch, but this was only to decide disputes between the counties and other
cases of law within the state. Within a few years, it was obvious that the
problems between the states and in the counties in Georgia were too complex to
be handled by a loose confederation and no executive power. Both the United States and the state of Georgia decided they would have to have a central
government. Neither one had a strong executive
branch having lived through a brutal time dealing with the King of England,
who was more of a tyrant than an administrator. In 1787, each state sent
representatives to Philadelphia to a Constitutional Convention which met to
write a new constitution and set up our government. Georgia’s representatives
were Abraham Baldwin, William Few, William Pierce, and William Houstoun. Baldwin and Few would be the only ones to remain and
sign the document when it was completed. The Great Compromise was prompted by the votes of William Houstoun and Abraham Baldwin on the question of equal
representation of each state. Houstoun voted to give large states more
representatives. Baldwin voted to give each state equal representation. Before Georgia voted there was a tie between the other states, and after Georgia voted
there was still a tie. The result was a Great Compromise that created two houses of Congress: the Senate, which gave each state equal representation, and the House,
which gives representation to each state according to its population. Georgia supported the Constitution with its strong national government because of
the state’s conflicts with its Native American population. The state needed
protection along the frontier. Native Americans were balking at allowing
settlers to invade and make their homes on Indian lands. Georgia was the newest
and had the smallest population of any state. They needed help from the other
states to protect their property. Georgia was also glad that the states
were promised a Bill of Rights that would keep the central government from
overstepping its bounds and becoming too strong. They wanted individual freedoms
to be protected. By 1789 Georgia had a new constitution and the United States
Constitution had been ratified by the other states. Georgia, the smallest of the
thirteen states, had its protection on the frontier and was destined for growth.
As the state grew, so did its representation in the new government.
Since then, Georgia has become the largest state east of the Mississippi
River in terms of land acreage. It has become a transportation hub and
what many call the Empire State of the South.

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