how to frame a wall 16 inch on center (CC)
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how to frame a wall 16 inch on center (CC)

August 23, 2019


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  1. I think moving back 3/4" is more confusing than just starting at the edge of the top/bottom plate and measuring over 16", 32", etc. Then when you go to nail your studs in, just make sure that the correct edge of the stud lines up with your mark. So if you start at the left and work to the right, you would line the left side of the stud up with the mark. If the studs are 16" edge to edge, then they are also 16" center to center.

  2. Now I know why the number 16 is used it will accommodate everything else in the industry. I like your video style.

  3. Maybe that's why my walls take extra time. I mark everything with a fine tip pencil rather than a thick magic marker. And I cut my wood to 1/64th inch tolerance. haha

  4. Your videos are so helpful! Being a novice, I appreciate your efforts to help me understand the "how to" process better.

  5. Is California Corner synonymous with Western Lap? I didn't get relevant results when searching for the latter, but your description seems similar to the former.

  6. I had to look up California corner, and it looks like what I would call a western lap. +++Bob

  7. Total noob here. Trying to do more around the house. This video was enough to make me a subscriber. Great presentation.

  8. The way you show laying out the studs shows that the spacing between the first stud and the second stud is not 16" on center but actually 15 1/4 ". Is this what you really want?

  9. I will answer your question with two. Grab a tape measure and pretend that you are standing up a 4 ft sheet of drywall starting at my lay-out . Where on the tape would the board end? Now do it again starting at 16 inch and set ahead. Where will your 4 ft board end? +++Bob

  10. I worked on a framing crew for 3 years and we sheeted many outside walls and gable trusses in my time. +++Bob

  11. Hi! Trying to understand how I would determine what matters I would need for a 10×20 add on to my house? Help please?

  12. Hopefully you have a full detailed plan that should have all the details within, however many lumber and hardware supply houses will take your plan and make a material list for you as long as you buy the material from them. +++Bob

  13. there are about a million carpenters in america im sure plenty of them sheet walls on the ground bc thats how our crew does it whenever possible.

  14. This guys a complete jackass! Listen and learn…Ready? Take 2 studs (plates-top and bottom of wall) and place them together-ends matching& barely nail them together(near an end is fine) with 1 nail & place them on their SIDES. Hook tape to your right & Mark 3/4 of an inch(15&1/4 and so forth) before each red STUD mark (he got this part correct…geezus!) Use your speed square to make a line f across both boards. Take boards apart, place R side of studs on marks, nail and stand up-INSTANT WALL!

  15. I went to your channel and saw your video about "how to escape from handcuffs and the Police" This guy is a complete incompetent-Listen and learn…Ready? stay out of trouble and dont do anything stupid and you wont have to worry about this garbage! INSTANT GOOD CITIZEN!

  16. Hello Bob or Mr.Schmidt,

    I have alot interest in carpentry. I think I will try to watch all the youtube videos on carpentry and then try to get a job as a carpenter. do you think this is possible or not? i am a student in highschool currently, but would like to try this for a job after graduating while going to college. what is your opinion if this can be done?

  17. Being a good employee is half the battle. Show up on time and be willing to work hard and learn! Good Luck +++Bob

  18. thank you for kind of answering my question. but what i wanted to know was whether it is possible to learn carpentry by watching the many youtube videos and getting work. is this possible or no way. like i would have to go to learn this trade from some school or community college. someone once told me that harrison ford went to the library and taught himself how to become a carpenther from the books.

  19. A vocational school is a good idea, or just getting a job as a carpenters helper. You really need to have some practical experience before selling yourself as anything carpenter or brainsurgeon. +++Bob

  20. If I'm just going to frame it and nothing else, I like to set a stud off and inch or two every now and then here and there. Makes things interesting and keeps the drywallers and trim carpenters on their toes.

  21. I have a question, I want to frame up walls inside a prefabricated metal shed. How do you make walls when there aren't ceilings to attach them to?

  22. If I read your post right then you would be correct, if you were building a new house. This video is based on REMODELING, which means that there are existing walls, floors, and ceilings that you have to work around. Trying to raise a prebuilt wall frame in that kind of space is next to impossible, without damaging the surrounding structure.

  23. check out a online/home college called Penn Foster. they have an excellent carpentry course. pay and learn on your own schedule, then try to work with a local contractor for experience.

  24. These videos are fantastic! Bob you're a great teacher! I feel much more confident in my DIY's when I watch your videos! Thanks a million! Adam

  25. Bob, can you direct me to some company who works with wood frame construction system in industries / factories? Tanks.

  26. the way I understand is first mark at 3.5 then 15.25 then 16 till end of 16 footer.the 3.5 stud is left of mark and 15.25 and all 16 marked ahead

  27. @ 2:24 "Why do I have to concern myself with laying these out 16" on center? Why not just throw enough in there that it looks good?" Technically you could place a stud every 8" OC and the drywall will still break on the center of the last stud. The only problem is you would be using twice as much lumber, which calculates to twice the cost of materials, and it's completely unnecessary. However, with 2×4's code does not allow spacing any greater than 16 inches. Methinks 2×6's can be spaced up to 24" apart.

  28. You can no longer click on the like button so I wanted to let you know that I have loved all your videos. I know it's been a while since you posted one but if you would consider making any more I know they are much needed as it seems most the people posting how to video's skip a lot of info that is important.  I'm am going to attempt to build my own small home on my property and have been watching hundreds of video's and your video's are more valuable and informative than any others I've seen. Thank you, Jeanne.

  29. I get a kick out of trolls that take the time to 'dislike' a video. What's the point (oh… seeking attention your mother didn't give you? Got it!)? I can see voting a 'like' for a video. You saw something you appreciated. But what's to dislike about this video? Someone took the time to teach others something they may not know. And that's a 'dislike' in your book? Get a life, attention-seeking, mother's basement-dwelling, lonely troll. LOL!

  30. I don't get it why the first stud is at 15 1/4 from the end. The math shows me that from his video the center of the end stud to center of 1st stud is 15 1/4 not 16".  He should mark at 16" for the 1st stud in order to have 16" center to center from end stud to 1st stud.
    I am learning to build the wall frames but watching his video make me wonder if there is a reason why the end stud to 1st stud is not 16" but only 15 1/4.

  31. I am confused. You are measuring from the edge of the plates yet coming in for the 16 on center. Given that there is a stud on the edge of all plate shouldn't you be measuring from half of a 2×4 from the edge of the plates? However, your measuring is from the edge.

    Furthermore, if I measure from the edge of the plates to 16 inches and always put the stud the the outer of my mark wouldn't all studs be 16 on center because each stud including the first one are to the left of the line therefore equal distance therefore 16 on center?

    Lastly, once I get the the far side of the plate what happens if a stud did not reach the end and is less than 16 inches from the end? Do I just have the last two studs closer together?

  32. I refer to this video every time I prepare for a framing job. It is perfectly explained and helps me figure out how much material I need to buy.  Thanks!

  33. I need to install a hose reel on the back of my house and I am trying to figure on how to find out where my 16" on center 2x4s would be so when you mention they "should" be on top of the floor joist.  I will give this a shot and see if they line up. Thanks

  34. We very much appreciate the time these folks take to explain the basics to us. Straight forward and very clear instructions.
    Thank you!! As for the idiots that thumbs down these "FREE HELP VIDEOS" (GET A LIFE YOU JERKS)!!

  35. And what about corners so your drywall comes out right. Or you doing only one wall. Need to tell about a CORNER. Thanks

  36. Thank you for such great info and in an easy format to understand….. I really appreciate it…. think I will just subscribe to you.

  37.   This video was very helpful on some of my future projects…..Thank you for making this   Instruction Video on a standard 16 inch wall frame.

  38. Question…. Excuse my ignorance if it's a stupid one. No one has mentioned what happens if the wall you are building is say, 35 inches long, or 57 inches long etc. You'd have a stud at 16 inches, then 32 inches, but then you'd have a gap between the 32 and 35. From what end do you measure the 16 inches? How would it work in these cases?

  39. I've framed plenty of houses, what is the span that I can use for framing a Garage with 4×4 PT?  I need to know what the 4×4's need to be placed apart from each other to frame my outside walls. This entire garage is just going to be 4×4 PT posts. Not interested in anyone's take on what I should build it with! I just want the span on 4×4's thanks.

  40. Mark the studs every 16".  No needed to draw lots of marks or lines. Do this with the boards on-edge not on-face.  Attached the studs to the middle of the marks.  You get within 1/8" no problem,

  41. I need to see where you actually put the stud you said you put an X over the 16 and you put a line right at 15 and a quarter inches so you are putting it in between the 16 and 15 and a quarter inches? That's if you actually read these comments being your carpenter your probably seriously busy

  42. Thanks, Bob!  I'm new to home repairs and remodeling.  My wife and I just bought our first house and we're building an interior wall between two rooms.  This was very helpful.  Thanks again!

  43. This guy is a pro he knows his shit. i am pretty smart at building stuff but he gave me the tips to do it better.

  44. 500 mm layout would be beneficial, use less studs then 16" but stronger then 24", oh 40×90 mm studs are more true then the false 2×4" stud…

  45. Thank you for the helpful video and great clear explanation.
    However, I noticed that the first stud when starting the wall will never be 16" on center. If measured from center of first stud (edge of plates) the next one would actually be 15" on center. (after the first one all will be ok)
    I see that everyone in the industry does that. But if looking for the first stud from a wall measured like this,(and taking into account the drywall (1/2") the 16" on center measurement (on first stud) will always be off and the nail would miss by 1/2" past the stud. 
    Any reason why this is not mentioned.

  46. This video is exactly wrong. There's no need for any mark on 15 1/4 – if you follow this video, your first gap will be off by 3/4" and you will have extra work trimming your drywall panels. The correct way is to just mark the red marks (16, 32, 48,…) and place the studs to the correct side of each mark. In this case, you were measuring right to left, so the studs would go on the left side of each mark.

  47. i am such a visual person i wish when you stared to put your marks on the wood u would have shwed a close up. because i could not see it

  48. but thanks. if u do it over please make close ups on the make and where exactly you are going to put the other ood on that mark

  49. Get one mark, either from common layout or from a made up layout like in the video. From that mark it's 16 fall ahead or 16 fall back(with the X) depending on which side of the stud you marked and pulled from. Every stud will be on center, just as accurate and faster. This is rough framing, not piano building.

  50. Correct me if I'm wrong but doesn't the first on center occur at 3/4? If you add 16 to that you get 16 3/4.for your next on center. Measure 3/4 back and you get 16 not 15 1/4.from the end of the plate to the beginning line. The first line should be at 16 and then put the stud on the correct side.

  51. OK. I'm confused. If you measure from the edge of the board and put it center then you attach a board at the beginning, that would not be 16" on center to the next board. Sorry I'm new to this

  52. If I'm not mistaken, this method will produce a gap of 13.75" between the first and second stud which means 15.25" on center for that first section.

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