How to make a movie: montage by composition
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How to make a movie: montage by composition

October 16, 2019

Hello, guys! I’m Daria and today I’m going
to tell you all about montage by composition. We’ll learn what frame symmetry, rule of
thirds, and the golden ratio are and and how to apply these techniques to create great
videos. Let’s get started. In the last video, Roman talked about combining
shots, perhaps the most basic rule for movies, television, really any video. If you ignore this rule, not just film critics
but regular viewers will avert their eyes. Even if they never thought about it before. But combining shots by size is not the only
rule! Now it’s my turn to teach you about montage by composition. Composition is how objects are arranged in
the frame when you shoot a video or photo. Why do some shots look beautiful to us while
others do not? Maybe it’s some kind of magic? In fact, there are some fairly strict rules.
Today, we’ll consider the most basic of these. When you first pick up the camera, your instinct
is to place the main object in the center of the frame. You think it will be the center
of attention if you do this. Like that. This technique is used both in movies and
on television, but it’s not the only option for composing a frame. Symmetry attracts the attention because it
rarely, if ever, occurs in nature.. Few people are able to shoot perfectly symmetrical frames
“by eye”, especially “hand-held” – without a tripod. In the movies, the master of symmetry is the
director Wes Anderson. Here is some example footage from two of his films. Do you see how everything is symmetrical?
The main object is always in the center, as if the director personally measured the distance
from the actor’s cheek to the edge of the frame. Ideal symmetry is in the details. The frame
meets a visual expectation in the viewer’s mind, like a holiday card. But if you’re not Wes Anderson and have not
mastered this technique yet, I don’t advise you to use it too much. Even he is often criticized
for his excessive love of symmetry. Try to limit your use of this type of composition
– save it for key moments when you need to place a strong emphasis on the object. If you overdo the symmetry, it will distract
the viewer from the story you are telling. The rule of thirds *титр* Many cameras will give you hints as to how
to arrange objects in the frame according to the rule of thirds. To do this, you need
to enable grid display in the settings on your camera or smartphone. If this is not
possible, mentally divide the frame into three equal parts horizontally and vertically. The best visual perception is generally viewed
as being achieved when you have the main objects in the frame on these lines and at their intersections. The rule of thirds assumes that the horizon,
for example, will be on one of these lines, and not in the center of the frame. Let’s
look at some examples: For example, here the emphasis is at the top
and so it occupies ⅔ of the space; the less significant part is in the other ⅓. And here, on the other hand. In this example, an object falls exactly on
the intersection of the lines. Compare this with the symmetry technique. You feel it’s
not in the center, but still like “in the right place”? Now you know that symmetry is
not the only option for good composition. Combine different techniques when you shoot
and edit your videos. The idea of a golden ratio came to the cinema
and photography from painting, and has been known to the world since the days of Leonardo
da Vinci. The rule of the third that I just described
is a simplified version of the Golden Ratio. Long ago, artists successfully used this rule
to achieve harmonious compositions on their canvases. It’s defined as a harmonic proportion in
which one part refers to another, like the whole to the first part. That’s a tough concept to wrap your head
around, so I’ll try to explain it in more human terms. If a square is cut off a rectangle, a smaller
rectangle remains, from which you can also cut off a square. So you can cut off squares
to infinity. I do not know, maybe a square is some kind
of special magic figure, but the human brain likes to fixate on squares, to find them mentally
in rectangles. For that reason, this rule is also called
the “Golden Rectangle”. According to the rule of the golden ratio,
the visual centers of the image should be located at these points. You’ve probably seen this picture. And if
you have any questions about what kind of scribble it is. We can answer that this is
the Golden Ratio. Here’s how it works in this Henri Cartier-Bresson
photo. Look familiar? The ladder in the photo is in perspective, following the rules of
this scheme. Or here are more examples Cartier-Bresson
photographs. You may not know about the rule of the golden ratio – but you feel that everything
is in the right place in the photo. This is a paradise for a perfectionist! But
now that we know how this works, we can mentally construct lines – everything converges! Now let’s show what will happen if we ignore
the rule of the golden ratio in this video example. Here are the shots where Roman and other objects
are located strictly along the lines and points – exactly as Leonardo da Vinci proposed. And here’s almost the same scene, but the
objects and shooting point have been moved a little. Do you see how things have changed?
Let’s compare the two options. Which one do you prefer? Personally, I would choose the first one,
without a doubt. Hurray, now we know about symmetry in the
frame, the rule of thirds, and even the golden ratio are. But that is not all! It’s time to talk about how to use this new
knowledge about composition not only when we’re shooting, but also when we’re editing. Let’s say you decided to shift away from ordinary
symmetry and for greater expressiveness or for the appearance of some new significance,
you placed the main subject in the center. You may have a problem during the editing.
How to edit two frames, if one of them is the main object … in our case it’s Roman. What was I talking about? Yeah. right. Roman
was just on the right, and in the next frame he, with the same size, is already on the
left. In such situations, it is quite difficult
for the viewer to refocus quickly and he simply loses sight of Roman for a time. To avoid this happening, there is a practical
solution. When editing two frames together, shifting
the center of attention along the horizontal line should not exceed one-third of the width
of the screen. That’s how we lose sight of Roman – he seems to be trying to show us the
magic of teleportation. Cheap trick, Roman! Less frequently, the object might be displaced
vertically, but the same rule applies if that happens. Try to use these tips in practice – you will
notice the difference between the lack of a thoughtful composition and careful frame
composition. Add to this the information about combining
shots we’ve included in this video. And you will create something amazing! Oh yes. Subscribe to the Movavi Channel. This
is not the last video about montage rules. It will get even more interesting in the future.
Don’t miss it! Bye-bye

Only registered users can comment.

  1. Hello I’m trying to edit my video but it keeps lagging throughout the whole video please help! I have contacted your team but no answer

  2. Very nice but still confused about the lat part of the golden ratio. I get the idea but waiting to see how to edit with the editor .

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