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Identity (Card) Crisis! How are Common ID Proofs and Indian Citizenship Related? | Factly

February 3, 2020


A tweet by parliamentarian Shashi Tharoor
has gone viral because he has used simple, easily understandable English in it! Okay, that’s not why it has gone viral. The reason for its popularity is that it has
an image of a placard from the ongoing protests against the Citizenship (Amendment) Act and
the National Register of Citizens. This placard asks why Aadhaar was linked to
bank accounts and why the government collects income tax if Aadhaar and PAN cards do not
serve as proof of citizenship. So, what are all these ID cards that we all
have and what is each one’s connection to the question of Indian citizenship? In this video, we’ll give you a list of
Indian ID proof documents, with a quick note on their purpose and whether or not one has
to be a citizen of India to hold these cards or certificates. Aadhaar is for every resident of India and
acts as ID, address, age proof. Indian passport is a proof of nationality
for international travel. Voter ID is to cast vote in elections. Ration card is to avail essential commodities
at subsidised prices. Is Indian citizenship required for this document? Yes, but a ration card may also be granted
to refugees. PAN Card is used to file tax, and it helps
keep track of transactions. LPG connection is to avail LPG for domestic
purposes. Driving license is for driving motor vehicles
on public roads. Passbook of a post office or scheduled bank
account is a savings account. Utility bills provide proof of residence. Birth certificate is necessary for obtaining
voter ID, passport, etc. Tenth/SSLC certificate is the recognition
of completion of secondary schooling. A caste certificate is proof of belonging
to a particular caste, and may be used to avail government schemes. So, what about employment in the public sector? Depending on the type of employment, citizenship
may or may not be required, but in most cases, it is. Is Indian citizenship required for government
jobs? Yes. For defence or civil services, yes. But also accepted are subjects of Nepal or
Bhutan, or Tibetan refugees who entered India on or before 1962 to settle here permanently. For election nomination, yes. So, yes, being an Indian citizen is a must
for obtaining some of these ID proof documents and applying to certain posts, but all this
does not necessarily mean possession of these cards or certificates is enough to prove Indian
citizenship. That can only be determined if and when the
rules for a nationwide NRC are framed and released officially by the government. So, in a sense, what we have shared now is
all just theoretical knowledge, and it is actually possible for a person to have any
of these cards without having provided any other proof beforehand. But don’t feel like there’s nothing you
can do about this situation. What you can do to help is to share this video
and spread authentic information instead of passing on misleading internet forwards. Thank you for watching!

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