Introduction: Crash Course U.S. Government and Politics
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Introduction: Crash Course U.S. Government and Politics

November 15, 2019


Hi, I’m Craig. I’m not John Green, but
I do have patches on my elbows, so I seem smart. And this is Crash Course Government
and Politics, a new show, hurray! Why are fireworks legal or illegal? We
might find out. Will we find out Stan? Anyway, I have a question for you. Have you
ever wondered where your tax dollars go or why people complain about it so much? Or who
pays for the highway that runs past your house? Or why you use the textbooks you use in science
class? Or why you need a license to drive, or to hunt or to fish or to become a barber?
I’ve always wanted to cut my own hair, back when I had it.
Have you ever wondered why you have to be 21 years old to drink alcohol but only 18
to vote? Or gamble. Sometimes voting is a gamble – actually always. Do you get confused
when you hear people talk about news about Wall Street regulations, or Obamacare, or
the national debt? Do you wonder why there are so few cell phone carriers and cable companies?
How about why it’s ok for student groups to lead prayers in schools but not for the
principal to do so? Have you ever wondered if there are any limits on when, where, and
how the police can search your home, or your car, or your locker, or you, or your friend,
or your grandma, or your grandma’s friend? And do you know why you can stand outside
a government office with a sign and a bullhorn complaining about military action that you
think is unfair and the police can’t stop you, but you can be fired from your job for
doing the exact same thing? Have you ever been sued? Or fined? Ever wonder
what the difference is between being sued and being fined?
Have you ever wondered why the government does the things it does and why it doesn’t
do other things? Have you ever wondered what it would be like if we had no government at
all? That would be anarchy. Can we play the Sex Pistols, Stan? That’s probably illegal.
Why is it illegal? And probably the most important, have you
ever thought about how you can change the things that seem unjust or unfair or that
you just don’t like? Ok so that was more than one question, and
obviously there isn’t a single answer to all of those questions, except in a way, there
is. The study of government and politics. And that’s what we’re going to talk about
today, and this whole series: Crash Course Government and Politics – aptly titled. [Theme Music] So let’s start by doing what human beings
do when confronted with complicated questions they can’t answer. We’ll answer a simpler
one. In this case, what are government and politics and why do I need to learn about
them. Government is a set of rules and institutions
people set up so they can function together as a unified society. Sometimes we call this
a state, or a nation, or a country, or Guam. And I’ll use these terms somewhat interchangeably
– except for Guam, that might be a little confusing. So, we study government in order
to become better citizens. Studying government enables us to participate
in an informed way. Anyone can participate, but doing so intelligently that takes a little
effort, and that’s why we need to learn about how our government works.
Politics is a little different. Politics is a term we used to describe how power is distributed
in a government. And in the U.S it basically describes the decisions about who holds office
and how individuals and groups make those decisions.
Following politics is a lot like following sports in that there is a winner and a loser
and people spend a lot of time predicting who will win and analyzing why the winner
won and the loser lost. The outcome of an election might affect your
life more than the outcome of a sports game though. Unless you’re gambling – which might
be illegal. Government is really important. Everyone born
in America is automatically a citizen, and many people choose to become citizens every
year so that they can have a say in the government. The USA is a republic, which means that we
elect representatives to govern us, and a democracy, which means that citizens are allowed
to participate. This ability to participate is something we take for granted, but we shouldn’t.
History tells us that that citizen participation is the exception rather than the rule. But
we’re not going to look at history. Who has time? That’s what history courses are
for with that other guy. So one way people can participate in government
is through voting. And many people will tell you that that’s pretty much the only way
we can participate in government and politics, but THEY’RE WRONG. And I love pointing out
when people are wrong. Let’s go to the Thought Bubble. Sure, when you mark a ballot, you are participating
in the political process, but there are so many other things you can do to be an active citizen.
You can contact your representatives and tell them what you think about a political issue.
People used to do this by writing letters or sending telegrams, but now they tend to
call or send email, although there’s nothing like a good old-fashioned angry letter.
People can work for campaigns or raise money or give money. They can display yard signs
or bumper stickers. They can canvass likely voters, try to convince them to vote or even
drive them to the polls on election day. You participate in politics when you answer
a public opinion poll. Or when you write a letter to the editor or comment on an online
article. You participate in politics when you blog, or tumbl, or make a YouTube video,
or tweet. I guess even YouTube comment counts. First!
Ever been to a march or a rally or held a sign or worn a t-shirt with a slogan on it,
or discussed an upcoming election at the dinner table and tried to convince your parents who
to vote for? You’ve participated in the political process.
And if you’ve actually run for office you’ve participated, even if you didn’t win, and
if you did win, congratulations, now get back to work. You should already know this.
But probably the most important thing you can do to participate in government and politics
is both the easiest and the most challenging. Become more educated! Anyone can be a citizen,
but to be a good citizen requires an understanding of how government works, and how we can participate.
It requires knowledge and effort and we have to do it because otherwise we end up being
led rather than being leaders. We learn about politics because knowledge is our best defense
against unscrupulous people who will use our ignorance to get us to do things that they
want rather than what we think should be done. Thanks, Thought Bubble. That was my first
Thought Bubble narration! Hurray! You guys are fun. This is fun.
So that’s where we comes in. Over the course of this series we will be looking in depth
at American government and politics. We’ll be talking about stuff like the structure
and function of the branches of government, the division of power between the national
government and the state governments, what political parties are, what they do, and how
they are different from interest groups. We’ll examine the role the media plays in
government and politics, how the legal system and the courts work and how they protect civil
rights and civil liberties. We’ll look at political ideologies: what
it means when you say you are a liberal or a conservative or a libertarian or a socialist
or an anarchist – okay we probably won’t talk about anarchy because that’s sort of
the rejection of government. Again, Sex Pistols, Stan? Can’t… copyright issue. I’ll take care of it. ANARCHY – WOOO! I’ve
been known to do that from time to time. We’ll try to understand the forces that
are shaping American government and politics today. And we’ll work towards becoming more
involved and developing our knowledge so that we make our government more responsive and
our politics more inclusive. By the end of this series – and actually
before the end – you will understand how our government works and how you can make
it work better for you and your community. Not only will you be able to answer most of
the questions I started this episode with, but you will become, if you pay attention
and think for yourself, a more engaged and active citizen. And you might have a beard
– if you don’t shave. Next week we’ll talk about Congress, how
it works, and what it does, when it does anything. Thanks for watching, I’ll see you next week.
And that’s my first Crash Course episode! Are we out of poppers Stan? I’ll just throw
‘em… wooohoo! Bang! Wooo! Bang! Crash Course Government and Politics is produced
in association with PBS Digital Studios. Support for Crash Course U.S. Government comes from
Voqal. Voqal supports non-profits that use technology and media to advance social equity.
Learn more about their mission and initiatives at Voqal.org.
Crash Course was made by all of these nice people. Thanks for watching. Can we call Craig
Course, Stan? No? Crash Course Craig? …Can’t.

Only registered users can comment.

  1. I Eric excluded from detainment torture camps because I stole this idea let's divide the nation into 4 or 5 sub regions. The country will be imprisoned to a different style of workings.

  2. I am taking AP Comparative Government and Politics and I couldn't find many videos to help me study for my exam. I was wondering if you guys could post videos for that course as well because it would be extremely helpful.

  3. AP American government – I got a 4, the trouble is, it counts as political science and nobody requires political science gen ed. If I were to reform the system, I'd drop this staple of American education because the colleges just don't care.

  4. I am a sucker that… not a active citizen . what is heck of active citizen. The citizen get active?

  5. Your "hair dash" is leaning more towards your left eyebrow… Not that it means anything I just thought I'd point it out

  6. Passed my ap gov test thnx to this + practice test + reading the ap gov book but here I am 2 years later in university relearning this to actually apply it in my life. Wishing everyone the best 💕

  7. THE AMERICAN PEOPLE ARE CONFUSED WITH ALL THE DOUBLE TALK, NOT KNOWING WHATS, WHAT. THE SO-CALLED PRESS OF THE DEM PARTY IS TO BUSY WRIGHT HIT JOBS ON TRUMP WOW

  8. Politics are how things the way they are.What were allowed to do. A lot of the things we do is politics.

  9. "… It requires knowledge and effort, and we have to do it because otherwise we end up being led rather than being leaders. We learn about politics because knowledge is our best defense against unscrupulous people who will use our ignorance to get us to do things that they want rather than what we think should be done."

    Wow. What a powerful statement.

  10. Am I the only one trying to get ahead for Ap gov next year lol because as far as I can tell everyone’s here for last minute.

  11. I came here because I hate Politics. I really don't know the concept or even when I shall start to learn about my country issues and seriously I find it hard to catch up. But after meeting someone, I gave this a shot since I'm a Humanities and Social Science student 😅

  12. The US Government isn't politics, It's THEATRE and HOLLYWOOD IS BENDING ITSELF OUT OF SHAPE, making it worse every single day

  13. Thank you, Craig, and thank you CrashCourse! CrashCourse U.S. Government and Politics contributed to me passing the Advanced Placement United States Government and Politics Exam. I may not have passed the exam without it. Thank you! 😊

  14. I had to drop one of my a-levels because four was too much and it meant I had to lose a-level politics even though I enjoyed it so much 🙁 I'm determined to keep at it through this series

  15. Any way to get these video’s on DVD? It’s almost 2020, but A huge portion of rural America still doesn’t have access to broadband/high speed internet!!! We need these on DVD!! Please!!!

  16. I wanna get involved in my country becus I see a lotta ba going on . I can’t complain if I am not educated and voting 🙁 . So I am learning

  17. School starts in a little over a week and I'm here so I can seem smart in my AP gov class. So ha! Yk, also, I'm gonna be allowed to vote next election and I want my own opinion. But also, make people think I'm smart! Plus it should be interesting.

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  19. I am here because it's so different from China's politics lesson I learnt at school. Unfortunately, what I had before is something like a brainwashing.

  20. The United States government is a shameless bandit, a global Nazi organization that destroys lives, and a mercenary beast

  21. I believe the US government is now outdated. No, actually, it's been outdated since the day the US acquired it's 25th state. The American Civil war clearly shows why that is. The north wanted no slavery while the south wanted slavery. When the power was given to the north in the way of Lincoln, the south wanted to leave. So the north fight the south to keep the union united. Sure, it was about slavery, but it was also about states rights and federal power. You could almost say, the American Civil war was also a war between State vs Federal. I bring this up because for as long as the US existed, there was the debate about who gets power between states and federal. Therefore, I have an idea to fix it. What if we could divide the US into four regions and have a governor govern their respective region? Then have the federal government only focus on foreign affairs? That way each regional government would only have to deal with 12-14 states and the federal government won't have to juggle between foreign and domestic. Seriously, the president have to deal with 50 states and the world at the same time! Not something one person could handle that easily. And another thing, campaigning in 50 states takes a lot a money to do, why else do you think there's no more log cabin presidents anymore? This way, a regional governor would only have to campaign in 12-14 states to get elected. I would also like to add that the president should only contend with foreign affairs for the president is the "commander in chief" after all. You might also believe this would divide the country, however, that's not true because it'll be the president's job to keep these four regions together, which will be easy since the regional governors are not allowed to have an army. Oh, which leads me to the best part. A country governed by four but are ultimately subservient to the people. There's no more one person with all the power, it's four people working together or no power at all. I like this because no corporation could corrupt all of the candidates in all four regions. It's just too expensive! And besides, there's less states to run in so less expensive to campaign in, therefore less need to accept bribes. Alright America, I believe I've just solved your problem.

  22. Sex Pistols, seriously dude, like from the 1970's, in the UK, still, thanks, made me look. Is your name really Benzine, or did you just make that up? Now, on to Guam, never heard of it…

  23. I am here because I was denied entry to the AP Comparative Government course at my school because I got a B in AP United States History. I was not that interested in the history of USA and in general I’m not good at history, but I am fascinated by political ideology and I still want to learn. I’m disappointed that my school didn’t push me to learn this ridiculously important subject and instead worried I couldn’t “keep up” because my essays were crappy.

  24. The United States Govetment is just a criminal organization, and mob association. Donald Trump is big mob. The mormons are even worse, and tje Riachards are the worst. Tbe mormons are fake moral crooked criminal. Tbe Richarfs hookec with the Mexicans to cause illegal drug problem. Also the goverment involved yhat including feder, states, countiez, and cities goverment. They commited murders too.

  25. The United States Govetment is just a criminal organization, and mob association. Donald Trump is big mob. The mormons are even worse, and tje Riachards are the worst. Tbe mormons are fake moral crooked criminal. Tbe Richarfs hookec with the Mexicans to cause illegal drug problem. Also the goverment involved yhat including feder, states, countiez, and cities goverment. They commited murders.

  26. I really appreciate people taking the time to do these courses, but the quick in between side jokes are very distracting!! It's hard enough trying to speed your attention to follow the fast pace of his voice.

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