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October 27, 2019

The French Revolution was social change
and most important political that occurred in Europe at the end of the 18th century it was not
only important for France but it served example for other countries where
unleashed similar social conflicts in against an anachronistic and oppressive regime
how was the monarchy this revolution meant the triumph of a poor people oppressed and tired
of injustices over the privileges of the feudal nobility and the absolutist state,
during the reign of Louis XIV France he was under the rule of a monarchy
absolutist, the power of the king and the nobility was the basis of this regime but in reality
the state was in a situation rather precarious economic situation
for the bad government of Louis XV great-grandson of Luis XIV and that I touch bottom during the reign
of Louis XVI, France lived a deep crisis especially of underproduction the field
did not produce enough and this would result in hunger also the French state dragged
a large deficit and the French society was dissatisfied they were aware that their situation
it had gradually worsened and they wanted a change, the trigger of the revolution
it was mainly the nobility when the ministers of Louis XVI asked for tribute to these, the maintenance
of an absolutist state demanded a lot of money since there was a large number of officials
in government and everyone was looking for their own benefit had to maintain a great army
permanent the court lived surrounded by luxuries the society was composed of three sectors
social called states the first state was the church had about 120,000 people
owned 10% of the wars in France and he did not pay taxes, he received from the peasants
the tithe is the tenth part of the product of their crops only the church could legalize
marriages, births and deaths and the education was in their hands, the second
state was the nobility composed of about 350,000 people own 30% of the land,
nobles were exempt from most the taxes and they occupied all the charges
public, the peasants paid them tribute and they could only sell their crops to them,
they had their own courts that is to say that they they judged themselves the third states understood
98% of the population and its composition It was very varied on one side was the bourgeoisie
formed by the rich financiers and bankers who did business with the state, the artisans
junior officials and merchants for another part there were free and small peasants
tenant owners and day laborers, the urban proletariat lived from craft works
and domestic chores were finally the servants who owed work and obedience to
your gentlemen. The third state lacked power and decision
policy but paid all taxes towards the worst jobs and did not have any
right, the bourgeoisie needed access to power and manage a centralized state
that protected and promoted their activities economic as it was happening in England
seeing the difficult economic situation that the nobility demanded that he be called
to general conditions for the treatment of a tax law, the monarchy practically
ruined economically and without the support of a large part of the nobility was in ruins,
the stages through which the revolution passes French are: Call and meeting of the general states
June 1789, when they met at the General statements the situation in France
She was extremely committed, since the people I could not stand such a painful life anymore and existed
a great social discontent as it was said social classes existing at that time
they were the nobility the clergy and the bourgeoisie but counting the votes of the nobility and the clergy
that belonged to a privileged estate outnumbered the bourgeoisie and by
So decisions were always made that this sector should be solved
this counting system the third estate the bourgeoisie could take control of the
situation and began to section as assembly national and solemnly swore that this is not
would dissolve until it can not be satisfied a national constitution. Constituent Assembly June 1789 October
1791 where a constitution is made that established four points that were a parliamentary monarchy,
national sovereignty, division of powers and decentralization in this way France
it was divided into 83 departments the assembly abolished the manorial regime
and the tithe and the approval of the declaration of the rights of man
and the citizen who would establish the abolition of the privileges of a few the limitation
of the power of the monarchy and would give a series of rights to citizens especially of
freedom of ownership of legal equality of security of conscience and expression
this defines the basic ideology of the spirit revolutionary bourgeois, during this period
occurs the taking of the bastilla July 14 of 1789, the bourgeoisie was supported by
a large sector exploited by the nobility the peasants who in the middle of a hectic crowd
revolutionaries saturated with injustice and hungry they go violently to the hem
symbol of the absolutist regime where it worked as opponents jail the system
of government and they take it by force this show scare to the supporters
of the old system and served to tilt the balance in favor of the revolutionaries
thus shifting power from the nobles and supporters of absolutism ,. The legislative assembly October 1791 September
1792 the fundamental work of the legislative assembly was to give laws and legal rules to
better govern the country they started their work the first of October of 1791 and very soon
it could be appreciated that the assembly members were divided into two camps, the constituents
or fuldenses who supported the application strict constitution and maintenance
integral to the king’s powers despite the most adverse circumstances, the Jacobins
integrated by most of the deputies from the region of the Gironde that were leaning
for the establishment of the republican government reducing accordingly in everything that
possible the powers and powers of the king. Convention September 1792 October
1795 suppressed the monarchy France became in a republic, the highest authority fell
in a new assembly elected by suffrage universal, the national convention one of
whose first steps was to judge and condemn to the king’s death in addition to clerical aristocrats,
refractory and prisoners in the convention national two groups disputed the power,
the Girondists, wealthy bourgeois of ideas moderate and the Jacobins representing
the middle social classes and allies with the most radical sectors of the people the Saints
coullets. Convention Girondina September 1792 June
of 1793 when it was time to decide by the form of government the high bourgeoisie
support for the native Girondins of the province of Gironde I wanted to reach an agreement
with the monarchy and establish a monarchy constitutional, that is, I had an aptitude
moderator regarding political changes. Mountain Convention June 1793 July 1794
the petty bourgeoisie takes power in France It was the period when Queen Marie Antoinette
She was decapitated. Thermidorian Convention July 1794 October
1795 a coup in thermidor occurs and with it the big bourgeoisie returns to power
the last revolutions take place but the The army solves it in favor of the government,
France is in a crisis economic and political instability
which will lead to intervention by the I exercise in this case at the hands of the general
Napoleon Bonaparte. The directory October 1795 November 1799,
it was the last form of government of the revolution French in this period the bases are laid
of the regime of the notables are carried out a series of coups that culminate
the 9 of November of 1799 with the one of the 18 of Brumaire carried out by Napoleon Bonaparte
and with which he overthrows the board of directors and establishes the consulate. Consequences of the French Revolution are
destroyed the feudal system there was a strong blow in the absolute monarchy, came the
creation of a liberal republic, the declaration of rights was disseminated
of man and citizens separation of the church of the states in 1794 was a precedent
to separate religion from politics in other parts of the world, the broad bourgeoisie
increasingly its influence in Europe spread democratic ideas, rights and privileges
of the feudal lords were canceled they began to come up with ideas of independence in the colonies
Ibero-American movements were encouraged nationalists in 1795 finally offered
to France a constitution that respected fully the rights of man and of the citizen
voted in 1789 by the constituent assembly dispensing with the deplorable acts of
violence must be recognized that the revolution achieved to improve the conditions considerably
political and social of France the revolution French managed to make the principles triumph
that would radically change the conditions social of the time.

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  1. Si te gusto el video y te fue de utilidad apoyanos con un like y no olvides suscribirte al canal y activar la campanita.

  2. Uno de los libertadores que sacó los intereses de la revolución fracesa fue el mismo libertador que quizó forma la federación centroaméricana el géneral francisco morazán.

  3. Necesito saber qué tipo de transporte se utilizaban durante la revolución francesa, de qué materiales estaban hechos esos transportes y qué tipo de fuerza o energía utilizaban.

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