Monarchy of Solomon Islands | Wikipedia audio article
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Monarchy of Solomon Islands | Wikipedia audio article

September 9, 2019


The monarchy of Solomon Islands is a system
of government in which a constitutional monarch is the head of state of Solomon Islands. The present monarch is Queen Elizabeth II,
who is also the head of state of fifteen other Commonwealth realms. The Queen’s constitutional roles in Solomon
Islands are delegated to the Governor-General of Solomon Islands.==Constitutional role==
The Commonwealth of Nations has over 50 member states, of which, sixteen are specifically
Commonwealth realms that recognise, individually, Elizabeth II as their monarch and therefore
head of state; Solomon Islands is one of these. Each realm, including Solomon Islands, is
a sovereign and independent state. Elizabeth II exercises her sovereignty only
as Queen of Solomon Islands and on all matters relating to Solomon Islands, the monarch is
advised solely by Solomon Islands ministers.The monarch of Solomon Islands is represented
by the Governor-General of Solomon Islands, who is a citizen of Solomon Islands elected
for a five-year term by the national parliament. Formally, the monarch appoints the Governor-General
on the advice of parliament. The current Governor-General is former Attorney-General
and High Court Judge Frank Kabui, who was first elected in 2009. Governors-General must meet the same eligibility
requirements as members of parliament and can serve no more than two terms.This arrangement
came into being subsequent to the Balfour Declaration of 1926, which provided the dominions
the right to be considered equal to Britain, rather than subordinate; an agreement that
had the result of, in theory, a shared Crown that operates independently in each realm
rather than a unitary British Crown under which all the dominions were secondary. The monarchy thus ceased to be an exclusively
British institution, although it has often been called “British” since (in both legal
and common language) for reasons historical, legal, and of convenience. The Royal and Parliamentary Titles Act, 1927
was the first indication of this shift in law, further elaborated in the Statute of
Westminster, 1931. Solomon Islands gained self-government in
1976 following the independence of neighbouring Papua New Guinea from Australia in 1975. Independence was granted in 1978, establishing
Solomon Islands as a sovereign democratic state, with the Queen as head of state. The new constitution, providing for fully
responsible status within the Commonwealth, took effect under The Solomon Islands Independence
Order 1978, an order in council which had been requested by the Legislative Assembly. It was made under the Foreign Jurisdiction
Act 1890, and came into operation on 7 July 1978. Under the constitution the oath of allegiance
is a declaration of allegiance to “Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, Her Heirs and Successors”.===Duties===
The monarch’s duties are performed by the Governor-General. The Governor-General represents the monarch
on ceremonial occasions such as the opening of parliament, the presentation of honours
and military parades. Under the constitution, he or she is given
authority to act in some matters, for example in appointing and disciplining officers of
the civil service, and in proroguing parliament. As in the other Commonwealth realms, the monarch’s
role is almost entirely symbolic and cultural. The powers that are constitutionally hers
are exercised almost wholly upon the advice of the cabinet, made up of Ministers of the
Crown. The royal family occasionally visits the islands. The Queen has visited twice: in February 1974
(before independence) and in October 1982 (after the 1982 Commonwealth Games). Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, accompanied
the Queen on both occasions, and also visited without the Queen, in 1959 and 1971. Princess Anne and Mark Phillips visited in
1974 and the Duke and the Duchess of Cambridge visited in 2012.===Succession===
Succession to the throne in Solomon Islands is identical to the succession to the British
throne. The heir apparent is Elizabeth II’s eldest
son, Charles. No Commonwealth realm can alter the succession
without the agreement of the other realms. Under the Statute of Westminster, Solomon
Islands has a common monarchy with Britain and the other Commonwealth realms, and Solomon
Islands cannot change the rules of succession without the unanimous consent of the other
realms, unless explicitly leaving the shared monarchy relationship by means of a constitutional
amendment. This situation applies symmetrically in all
the other realms, including the UK.===Title===
In Solomon Islands, the Queen’s official title is: Queen of Solomon Islands and of Her other
Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth.==References==

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