On This Day – 1 December 1822 – Pedro I Crowned Emperor Of Brazil
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On This Day – 1 December 1822 – Pedro I Crowned Emperor Of Brazil

September 24, 2019

The date, the 1st of December, 1822. On this day, Pedro the 1st was crowned the
first Emperor of Brazil. Pedro I was the fourth child of King Dom João
VI of Portugal and was born on the 12th of October 1798. He was forced to flee Portugal, along with
much of the House of Braganza, when Napoleon invaded in October 1807. King Dom João VI took his family to Portugal’s
wealthiest colony, Brazil. Although Napoleon was eventually defeated
decisively, and the threat of further invasions was quelled, by the end of 1815, but as with
other countries that had been drawn into the protracted Napoleonic wars, Portugal remained
unstable after peace returned to Europe. British soldiers remained in Portugal, with
a British military authority representing João VI overseen by William Carr Beresford. After growing anti-British sentiment in Portugal,
Beresford sailed to Brazil to ask João VI for more resources, in 1820. In his absence a military insurrection broke
out in Porto, in Northern Portugal, which lead to the liberal Revolution of 1820. The revolutionaries wanted the Portuguese
monarchy to return to Lisbon, and wanted to replace absolutism with a constitutional monarchy. On 26th February 1821, Portuguese troops stationed
in Rio de Janeiro mutinied. Prince Pedro, João VI’s heir apparent,
was well known to be a believer in liberal reform, and negotiated with the mutineers. On the 21st of April, João VI and much of
his family, sailed back to Portugal, leaving Pedro at regent. In the following months Pedro managed to suppress
a mutiny from Brazil’s Lieutenant-General, and won the support of many of Brazil’s
influential citizens. Faced with growing discontent with Portuguese
rule, who refused to allow Brazil the power of self-governance, but popular acceptance
of himself, Pedro broke away from Brazil and was acclaimed Emperor Dom Pedro I on his 24th
birthday, the 12th of October 1822. He was crowned on the 1st of December. His rule was turbulent. He abdicated the Portuguese crown upon his
father’s death, in favour of his eldest daughter, in 1826. She married Pedro’s brother, Miguel, who
threw out Pedro’s constitutional reforms in favour of a return to absolute monarchy. Facing various uprisings and state problems,
Pedro was consumed with maintaining order, but also concerned himself greatly with the
affairs of both Portugal, and his daughter, Maria II. On the 7th April 1831 Pedro I abdicated in
favour of his son Dom Pedro II, and sailed for Europe. He invaded Portugal at the head of a small
army, in early July 1832, and defeated his brother, banishing him to lifelong exile and
restoring constitutional monarch. Pedro died from tuberculosis on the 24th of
September 1834. Everything becomes history. Until next time, goodbye.

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  1. I'm Portuguese and your pronunciation of Portuguese names is terrible. Thanks for the laugh. Just kidding. Well no I'm not kidding, but I like your videos. I'm sure a lot of Portuguese have trouble with some English words.

  2. I'm curious how well Pedro is regarded in Portugal. On the one hand he was a driving force of liberalisation and constitutionalism. On the other he instigated a civil war and ripped apart Portuguese Empire making his it just another small backwater power on the fringes of Europe.

  3. You forgot about the 'dia do fico' and you could cite his beautiful declaration of Independence.

    I support the restoration of the Empire of Brazil.

  4. Wouldn't expect to hear one member of the royal family started a civil war against another to put back the constitutional monarchy

  5. Brazilian history is amazing, the most dramatic in the continent but glorious for the most part. We had the bravest explorators the world has ever known, we're the only serious sovereign monarchy that existed and we almost founded a kingdom in 1640 in São Vicente captaincy, we're the oldest nation in America to have made elections, our last emperor was beloved nationally and known worldwide, the biggest potency in the world at the time feared us even though their population was 3x bigger, our currency valued as much as the dollar and the pound by the 1870's, if all territories we anexed kept being part of Brazil(let's say John VI never left Brazil) we'd have French Guyana, Uruguay and Bolivia today as part of Brazil, etc.(https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bolivian_War_of_Independence#Brief_Annexation_by_the_Province_of_Mato_Grosso)
    Pedro I was offered to be King of Greece and Spain; his daughter Maria Amelia de Bragança was promised to marry the second emperor of Mexico(she died before); a rich lady from the south of US asked Pedro II to annex the south of the US to wich he answered with two incisives "never, never".
    Pedro I had a major plan for the hispanic countries that he accounted with european nations such as France and the United Kingdom, that was to invade spanish caudilist republics and impose monarchical regimes there. But the United Kingdom got a much more liberal monarch in power and France was just deposing again his monarch, so the plan didn't turned out well (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Rmhi5RJWBqg).

  6. I think this is one of my favorite periods in history. The heir to the throne of Portugal declares Brazil's independence from Portugal, and himself Emperor of Brazil. Later in life, he abdicates, leaving Brazil in the hands of his 6-year old son, to go and reconquer the kingdom he declared independence from. That kind of stuff just doesn't happen anymore.

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