Photography – Composition Techniques
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Photography – Composition Techniques

October 26, 2019

In photography, composition is the way in which various
elements within an image are arranged, and how they work together to create balance or drama. RICARDO DA CUNHA:
Now there are a number of compositional guidelines that are very useful to follow. And all of them are proven guidelines to try and create more powerful, more balanced images. Now one of those, one of the popular
compositional rules or guidelines I should say – we don’t like to call them rules – is the rule of thirds. And essentially where you divide
your image into nine equal sections by drawing two horizontal lines and two vertical lines. And the idea is that you want to align your
subject on one of those four intersecting points. And the idea is that by aligning your
subject one of those intersecting points, you will create a more visually pleasing, more balanced image, as opposed to
putting that subject in the centre. It’s all about directing the viewer’s
eye where you want it to go. So we can use other guidelines like framing where we can have or include objects within our frame which steer and help the viewer’s
eye towards where we want to see. So we might for example decide to have a
couple of trees, one on either side of the image, which is helping to frame and steer
the viewer’s eye into the image. VOICE OVER:
In simple terms, positive space is the area of an image
that contains the main subject and negative space is the area surrounding that subject. The emphasis a photographer places on either of these elements can
dynamically alter the mood of an image. RICARDO DA CUNHA:
So the power of negative space is that it gives your subject space to breathe. So it can be used really well to create a nice
balance between the subject and negative space. So negative space is essentially
including, let’s say, bride and groom and including a lot of ample space around. It might be sky essentially parts of the image
where there isn’t too much, I guess, strong subject. On the other side of things positive space positive space is where you actually fill
up your frame with other objects. Now it’s to be used cautiously because
otherwise you can make your image too busy and all the sudden the viewer then
doesn’t know where the subject, where the subject of the image should
be and where the eyes should rest. VOICE OVER:
Just as photographers find a lighting style that best suits their work, they may also use a
consistent style when it comes to composition. RICARDO DA CUNHA:
From a compositional point of view I always find that my favourite
compositional guideline is simplicity. You want to remove more than you include. So always look through your viewfinder and really be careful to see what
elements that are creeping in your frame that really aren’t adding to the image, because if they’re not adding to the image, we should be removing them.

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