Polity Lecture (IAS) : Constitution Of India : An Overview || Likhaai
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Polity Lecture (IAS) : Constitution Of India : An Overview || Likhaai

October 8, 2019


The Constitution of India, as we know a Constitution of a Country is the supreme law of any Nation or it is also called as the most Fundamental Governing Document of a country It describes the type of polity which exists in a country that is, whether a country is a Democracy Or whether it is a Monarchy Or it could be a Military Rule or what ever kind of polity that exist in a country. It will be held by the constitution of the country It also tells, What kind of privileges are provided to the citizens of the nation? Whether they will be treated as equal? for example, all the Males will be treated as equal to the Females? Or some kind of social structure or social stature will be provided to the children? or something like that. It will also be told by the Constitution of the Nation. It will also be told, whether a Country is Subordinate to some other Country? For Example, If a country ‘A’, let say, there is a Country ‘A’. and there is another Country ‘B’. and whether Country ‘B’ is subordinate to Country ‘A’? It will be held in the Constitution of the nation, or rather in the Constitution of the Country ‘B’. It will be called as the DOMINION. The Country ‘B’ will be called as the Dominion of Country ‘A’. Or whether the County ‘B’ or rather the Country ‘A’ is a Sovereign body? It will be held in the Constitution of the Country ‘A’. Such kind of things are provided in a Constitution. And so is the case, or Similar is the case for The Constitution of India. The Constitution of India can be dealt in three ways. I am writing C.O.I. for short for the Constitution Of India. Here we can say, that the Constitution Of India tells us three basic or the most prominent things. The first is the Fundamental Political Principles. that is, what kind of principles does the Country follows? For example a Country could be a Republic. That is the head of state will be elected by the people. or whether the country is Sovereign, as we have already discussed before. or whether a country is Secular? The meaning of Secular here in context of India means, The Religion won’t interfere in the Politics of the Country. Neither Hindus, nor Muslims, nor Christians, or any such religion won’t interfere in the politics of the Country. So such is the Fundamental Political Principals. The other thing that the Constitution Of India describes is? It establishes the structure, the privileges, the procedures, Procedure, Powers and duties of the government institutions. That is, in between Government Institutions What kind of relations will exist? The Third and the most important thing that the Constitution of India tells us is? It sets out the Fundamental Rights (F.R.) the Fundamental Duties (F.D.) and the Directive Principles of the State Policy D.P.S.P. for short are also told by the Constitution Of India. These are the basic things that we know from this heavy book. As the Constitution Of India is a bulky document. It is also the Lengthiest in the World. The Indian Constitution is also the Fountain Source of Law in India. That is, it gives a due recognition to the Statutes i.e. the Laws or Acts passed by the legislature That is the Parliament or the State Legislature or the Union Territory Legislatures. At the time of its acceptance, That is on 26 November 1949. On this particular date the Constitution Of India had, 395 Articles, having 22 Parts, 8 Schedules with no Appendices in it. And as of now on the day of Making this Video We have around, 448 Articles, 25 Parts, i.e. these 448 Articles are written in 25 Parts and having 12 Schedules. And on top of it we have 5 Appendices. And this all change in numbers, that is , from Zero Appendices to Five, 395 Articles to 448, or 22 Parts to 25 or 8 Schedules to 12. These all change in numbers is just because of the Amendments being made. Which is total of 98 in number as of today. To have the latest update, you may always check the website of the Indian Government. Well the most Interesting thing to note here is? the Constitution Of India is changing. since from its Birth, it has changed a lot. It in itself is a unique thing. As no other document, or rather most of the Documents, most of the Constitution in the World never change. They are static in nature. So we can always say that, the Constitution Of India is a ‘Living Document’. Which increases or rather grows with the time. The Constitution Of India was written in English and Hindi officially. at the time of its birth. At present we have several translations of Constitution Of India. already existing. We will be describing these terms, i.e. Articles or Parts, or Schedules, Appendix or Amendments in the later videos. Now let’s see some prominent things what the Constitution Of India tells to us. India has to have a Parliamentary System.

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  1. Other constitutions change too, america changed it to equal voting rights for the gender in 1920, and most constitutions have some text to give minimum number of votes to change the constitution, i.e. agreement by 2/3rds of countries regions legal bodies or 66 percent of the voted representatives of the people. the Uk one started in year 1200 and has slowly changed since then. Uk one doesnt make much sense except for lawyers. France changed 5 times of constitution sine the revolution 220 years ago.

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