Role of the Governor Part 1 – Constitutional Monarchy in Victoria
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Role of the Governor Part 1 – Constitutional Monarchy in Victoria

August 24, 2019

In Victoria we have a Constitutional monarchy. It’s the Westminster system, or the British system, and the rules are set out in the Constitution. So in our system, there are three main parts: there’s the Parliament where the laws are decided or made by the government of the day, there’s the Executive where a great deal of the government business is actually conducted, and there’s the judiciary. The judiciary decides disputes between citizens, and importantly, between citizens and the State. Our Parliament too has three main parts: the Lower House – the Legislative Assembly, the Upper House – the Legislative Council, and the Crown. The Crown, or the Queen, is represented in Victoria by the Governor. The Queen appoints the Governor to represent her as Head of State and that’s on the recommendation of the Premier. A few important things to note though about the Governor, is first of all, the Governor has no political allegiance at all. The Governor is not a member of any political party, in fact the Governor doesn’t even vote. Also, what’s important to note is that the Governor is not involved in any political or policy decisions. Those are matters for the elected representatives: the government of the day. There are three rights though that the Governor has: to be consulted to Council, or encourage the Premier and Ministers, or to warn them in the event that the Governor thinks that’s the appropriate course. And there are also some reserve powers that the Governor has, but they’re extremely rarely used.

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