The Bill of Rights
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The Bill of Rights

October 16, 2019

Today, we will learn about the first 10
amendments which, we call the Bill of Rights. Amendments are changes to the
Constitution so, they come at the very end. We have 27 amendments but, today we will learn about just the first 10. Let’s jump right in with the First Amendment the First Amendment protects some of our most basic freedoms in the United States, it gives us freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly, and petition. This mean we get to choose our own religion and can speak freely about our
beliefs, we can also meet or assemble peacefully in group and contact or petition the government for help against unfair practices. However, these rights are not unlimited we cannot break the law based on our
religious beliefs, or use our free speech to cause or encourage physical harm. Next step is the Second Amendment, the Second Amendment is short but not
simple, it states, a well-regulated militia being necessary to the security of a free State the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed. The militia is a group of soldiers made
up of regular civilians, and sometimes this amendment is interpreted to mean
that the US citizens are allowed to own weapons in case we ever need to form a
militia to protect our Country. However, the current interpretation allows any citizen to own a weapon even though it is unlikely we will need a militia. Next, the third amendment Quartering means housing, and according to the 3rd amendment in times of peace or war American citizens do not have to allow soldiers to stay in their private homes. the Fourth Amendment protects US
residents from illegal search and seizure, in other words the police cannot
search your home or car without a search warrant from a judge or probable cause. Probable cause means a good reason as in the police have evidence or saw
something that would give them a good reason to search your property. The fifth amendment goes over several different rights it protects against double jeopardy, which means being tried for the same crime twice, it states, that no person can be forced to testify against themselves in a trial which is why people often say I plead the fifth when they wish to remain
silent it also states, that no one can be deprived of life, liberty, or property
without the due process of law which means, that you cannot be executed, jailed, or fined without fair legal proceedings. Lastly, the fifth amendment deals with
eminent domain which means the government cannot take your land without paying you for it. Next up, the sixth amendment guarantees a fair, and speedy trial by an impartial or fair jury. Similarly, the seventh amendment
guarantees the right to a jury trial in every case that deals with amounts of
money greater than 20 dollars. The eighth amendment protects against excessive bail, and cruel and unusual punishment. Bail is money you pay to get out of jail, when you are awaiting your trial. This amount should be less for less serious crimes, and more for more serious crimes, cruel and unusual punishment means, that though we should punish people for their crime, the government shouldn’t do so in a cruel way. for example even though murderers should receive a harsh punishment, they should not be tortured for their crimes. The 9th amendment argues that there may be other rights not named in the Constitution that we are still entitled to as US citizens. This amendment has been used by
the Supreme Court to establish our right to privacy. And finally, the tenth amendment goes over reserved powers it states that, any powers not given to the
Federal Government in the Constitution automatically, go to the State

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