The Breakup of Yugoslavia
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The Breakup of Yugoslavia

October 18, 2019


For most of the 20th century, there existed
a country in Southeastern Europe called Yugoslavia. Today, however, what used to be Yugoslavia
is now 6 fully independent countries… plus one self-declared independent country, but
more on that later. So why exactly did Yugoslavia split up? Well…
before looking at why it split up, let’s first look at how it came to be. For this,
we need to go back to 1918 and the end of the World War 1. Yugoslavia was created from the Kingdom of
Serbia, the Kingdom of Montenegro, and what used to be territories of the Austria-Hungarian
Empire. The country was originally called the Kingdom
of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, but later changed its name to the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. This lasted until about 1941, when Yugoslavia
was occupied by Axis the powers of Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy during World War II. The
Axis powers installed their own puppet governments which effectively ended the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. In 1945, after the Allied victory in World
War II, Yugoslavia was re-established, this time as Socialist state, a federation of six
republics: Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Montenegro, and Macedonia. After initially siding with Joseph Stalin
and the Soviet Union, Yugoslavia remained neutral throughout the Cold War, and even
went on to become one of the founding members of the Non-Aligned Movement. Throughout Yugoslavia’s existence, there
had always been ethnic tensions among the various ethnic groups. This would ultimately
lead to the country’s collapse, but under the rule of their first president, Josip Broz
Tito, these tensions were largely kept under control, as he promoted “Brotherhood and
Unity” between the six republics, and always tried to suppress nationalism, sometimes by
force. The death of Tito in 1980 is often viewed
as the beginning of the end of Yugoslavia. During the 1980s Yugoslavia’s economy took
a turn for the worse, ethnic tensions began to rise, and nationalism began to grow among
some of the individual republics. This, coupled with the fall of Communism around the world..
all contributed to what would become the Yugoslav Wars and the breakup of Yugoslavia. The ruling political party in the country
was the League of Communists. There were 8 members… the six republics, as well as the
two autonomous provinces of Serbia: Vojvodina and Kosovo. In 1986, Slobodan Milošević
became leader of the Serbian branch. Milošević and his supporters were uncomfortable with
the autonomous provinces of Serbia, as Belgrade had very little control over the politics
in these parts of the country. Supporters of Milošević, through large protests,
known as the “Rallies of Truth”, managed to overthrow the political leaders in Kosovo,
Vojvodina, and Montenegro, which were replaced by allies of Milošević. Serbia had effectively created a voting bloc,
having 4 of the 8 votes. The other Yugoslav republics, especially Slovenia, openly criticised
these actions. In 1989, the autonomy of the province of Kosovo
was abolished. Kosovo was about 80% ethnic Albanian, with ethnic Serbs being in the minority.
Unsurprisingly, the Albanian majority were extremely unhappy with this motion.. and this
led to the Kosovo miners’ strike, in which more than 1300 Albanian miners went on a hunger
strike. During what would become the last meeting
of the League of Communists, there was a heated debate between the Slovenian and Serbian leaders
about the structure of Yugoslavia. Slovenia called for more autonomy for the individual
republics, while Serbia wanted more unity and centralization. The Slovenian delegates left the congress
meeting in protest, and were soon followed by the Croatians and Macedonians. After the the League of Communists of Yugoslavia
was dissolved, multi-party elections were held in all 6 of the republics for the first
time. The Croatian people voted into power the newly
established Croatian Democratic Union party and their leader Franjo Tuđman.The new Croatian
flag was raised as the country moved towards its declaration of independence which later
followed. Croatia’s population was mostly ethnic Croats,
but the country also had a large minority of Serbs, and large regions of Croatia had
Serbian majorities, especially along the border with Bosnia. For many Croatian Serbs, the newly elected
government was something that caused serious concern. Many Serbs remembered the last time
Croatia was an independent country – the Independent State of Croatia, during World War 2, governed
by the ultranationalist, fascist group, Ustaše, allied with Nazi Germany. The extremist group
of Croats took part in the Holocaust, carrying out a genocide campaign against ethnic Serbs. So in 1990, many Serbs had all-too vivid memories
of the atrocities committed to their people just half a century before, and many worried
about the newly elected government in Croatia. In a Serb-majority town of Knin, the local
Serbs started a rebellion, blocking off key roads throughout Croatia. Croatian Special
Force helicopters were sent to resolve the rebellion by force. However, while en route,
Yugoslav Army fighter jets flew alongside them, ordering them to turn around or be shot
down. They returned back to base. This was when the gravity of the situation
became apparent. This wasn’t just some local Serbian rebellion, they were being assisted
by the Yugoslav National Army. In the following weeks and months, the army also provided the
rebels with weapons. Many more of the Serb dominated areas in Croatia
started rebellions, taking control of Serb-majority towns, seeking to join Serbia. 3 separate rebel groups proclaimed themselves
independent from Croatia. These 3 groups would later join together and seek unification with
Serbia. On June 25th, 1991, Slovenia and Croatia both
officially declared their independence. Of course by this point, the Yugoslav Wars had
already begun, but were thus far mostly confined to Croatia, between the Croats and Serbs. However, with Slovenia declaring their independence,
this brought them into the war as well. The Yugoslav Army travelled to Slovenia, with
the goal of asking them to… politely reconsider their independence. Two days after their declaration of independence,
began what became known as the Ten-Day War, between Slovenia and the Yugoslav Army. Relative
to the other wars within Yugoslavia, there were very few casualties. After these ten days of war, under the sponsorship
of the Europe Community, an agreement was signed between Slovenia, Croatia and Yugoslavia.
The document sought to open up negotiations between the parties to resolve things peacefully. Yugoslavia withdrew their army, but the agreement
did very little to actually stop the fighting. Yugoslavia were preparing a massive attack
on Slovenia, with tanks, air force and artillery. Their military power was far superior and
they could easily take control of Slovenia. However, Serbia’s authorisation was required,
but Serbia refused. The Serbian representatives within Yugoslavia didn’t care if Slovenia
left. Slovenia was a country of almost entirely
ethnic Slovenes. Because there were very few Serbs within Slovenia, Serbia didn’t care
if they left. Croatia, on the other hand, was a different
story. Therefore Serbia were unwilling to let them leave so easily. The Croatian President
publicly stated that he would “defend every inch of Croatia” Serbian nationalists in Croatia had already
taken control of a dozen towns and villages, but things took a turn for the worse in the
Croatian border town of Vukovar, where the conflict escalated between Croatia and the
rebel Serbs. The Yugoslav Army sent a huge force to the Croatia-Serbia border, claiming
to be a neutral peacekeeping unit. Together, the Yugoslav Army and the Croatian
Serbs pushed forward taking control of more and more villages. Some of which had been
entirely populated by Croats. They were no longer just taking control of Serb dominated
parts of Croatia. Due to the escalating violence in Croatia,
the presidents of all six of the republics were called to The Hague, by the European
Community, to discuss possible peace plans. Croatian president, Franjo Tuđman, claimed
that Croatia had every right to succeed from Yugoslavia. Serbian president, Slobodan Milošević,
responded by saying that if Croatia had the right to succeed, then Serbs in Croatia had
the right to join Serbia. Europe Community peace negotiator, Lord Carrington,
presented Milošević with a question: would you be willing to accept the independence
of Croatia, subject to the human rights of Serbs outside of Serbia. To Lord Carrington’s
surprise, he said yes. In the meantime, the Yugoslav Army were planning
a massive attack on the Croatian capital, Zagreb. But such an attack carried huge risks,
of sanctions or even outside intervention. Carrington was eager to get this verbal agreement
in writing. However, when it came time to sign the document, there was one key difference.
The agreement would not simply accept Croatia’s independence, but would make all six republics
independent nations. Milošević refused to sign, as he didn’t want to dissolve Yugoslavia. The Carrington Plan, was not just for Serbia
and Milošević, but all of the republics, who voted on the plan. The plan needed 5 votes
to pass. Serbia voted no, but all 5 other republics voted yes. This was surprising given
that Montenegro was strongly allied with Serbia. As it later turned out, Italy had offered
Montenegro a large aid program if they accepted the Carrington Plan. The plan was set to go ahead, but Serbia later
blackmailed the Montenegrin president to send a letter to Lord Carrington and change his
vote, or be outed to the public as a traitor to Yugoslavia. The letter was sent, and the
plan broke down. Around this time, Macedonia held a referendum
on independence, which was 95% in favour. Macedonia was the the only republic which
broke away from Yugoslavia completely peacefully. Meanwhile in Croatia, the Croatian stronghold
in Vukovar was under siege. The small Croatian defense force managed to hold the town for
87 days, before it finally fell to the much larger Yugoslav Army. The Serbs held around
⅓ of Croatian land. In January of 1992, a ceasefire agreement
was signed between the Croats and the Serbs. But the war in Yugoslavia was not just between
Croatia and Serbia. In fact, by far the bloodiest war in Yugoslavia was the Bosnian War. Bosnia and Herzegovina was the most multicultural
of the republics, and had three main ethnic groups. The largest were the Bosniaks, often
referred to as “Bosnian Muslims”, but there was also a very large minority of Serbs,
and a smaller minority of Croats. The Bosnian Serb party leader issued a firm
warning to the Bosnian government not to pursue independence, but in February 1992, Bosnia
and Herzegovina held a referendum. Most Bosniaks and Croats voted in favour, while the majority
of Serbs boycotted the vote. The very next day, a Serb civilian in Bosnia
was killed by a Bosniak, and Serbs retaliated by setting up roadblocks in nation’s capital,
Sarajevo, and large parts of the city quickly came under the military occupation of the
Bosnian Serbs. Demands were made that Bosnia and Herzegovina stop seeking international
recognition. Serbs in Bosnia had declared their own independent
republic: the “Republika Srpska”. All Bosnian Serbs in the Yugoslav Army were transferred
to the Bosnian Serb Army. On the 27th of April, 1992, the Socialist
Federal Republic of Yugoslavia officially came to end as a new constitution was adopted
with the proclamation the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, consisting of just two of the
six republics – Serbia and Montenegro. The United Nations denied their request to automatically
continue membership as Yugoslavia. Bosnian Serbs began to take control of all
Serb-majority areas of Bosnia, as well as Muslim towns near the Serbian border. As well
as this, they also began sporadic mortar attacks on Sarajevo. The Bosnian capital would be
under siege for nearly four years. In the beginning of the Bosnian War, Bosniaks
and Croats were allied with each other, as they were fighting against a common enemy.
However, Bosnian Croats had similar ideas to the Bosnian Serbs, to take control of the
Croat-majority parts of Bosnia and join Croatia. Like the Serbs however, the Croat forces also
didn’t just take control of Croat towns. Bosnian Croats proclaimed The Croatian Republic
of Herzeg-Bosnia, a separate state from Bosnia and Herzegovina. In May of 1993, a United Nations Commander
was sent to the town of Srebrenica, which had become a refuge for Bosnian Muslims who
fled their home. He was welcoming with open arms, but when
it came time for him to leave, a crowd of people wouldn’t let him. They wanted him
to guarantee their safety and demanded help from the West. The Bosnian Serbs already had
the town surrounded. The Commander went against UN policy and announced
the town was under UN protection. Later, a unanimous UN resolution was adopted which
declared Srebrenica and other Muslim populated regions as a “Safe Area”. The international community devised a plan,
the Vance-Owen plan, which would divide the country into ten ethnic provinces: 3 Bosniak,
3 Serb, 3 Croat, as well as the neutral capital, Sarajevo. The Bosnian president, the Croatian president,
and the Bosnian Croats, had all agreed to the plan. The Serbian president urged the
Bosnian Serbs to agree to the plan, but through their military conquests, they had taken control
of about ⅔ of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Accepting the Vance-Owen Plan would mean giving up about
25% of their currently held territory, so the plan ultimately broke down. The Bosniaks and the Croats signed a peace
treaty in Washington, as the Americans demanding that Croatia stop their war against Bosnian
Muslims or face sanctions. They agreed to this as they wanted help from the West to
re-take their own land in Croatia. In February of 1994, a mortar attack on Sarajevo’s
marketplace caused the death of 68 civilians. In response to this, NATO issued the Bosnian
Serbs with an ultimatum: withdraw your heavy weapons from the hills or Sarajevo within
10 days. The Bosnian Serbs rejected the ultimatum. The Bosnian Serbs wanted to show their military
superiority over the Bosniaks, and show that they could not be bullied by the West. They
launched a mortar attack at a hospital in the town of Goražde, a UN safe area, NATO
responded with an airstrike of Bosnian Serb command post, and they retaliated by surrounding
and taking hostage 150 UN personnel. One of the other UN safe areas, Srebrenica,
while under UN military protection, was forcibly taken in what became known as the Srebrenica
Massacre where thousands of civilians were killed. With the violence at an all-time high
in Bosnia, another mortar attack on Sarajevo and another 37 civilians killed, was the final
straw, and a full-scale NATO bombing campaign began against the Bosnian Serbs. President Milošević of Serbia, demanded
that the Bosnian Serbs allow him to negotiate a peace treaty on their behalf, cutting all
ties and support from Belgrade. Meanwhile, back in Croatia, the Croatian government
had been preparing for several years to retake their land. In May and August of 1995, Croatia
launched two large-scale military assaults on the Serb-controlled parts of Croatia. By
this point, the Croats had a far stronger military. The vast majority of Serbs fled
the country, even communities that had lived in Croatia for centuries. Many Serb villages
were burnt to the ground, to ensure the Serbs never returned. With the Bosnian Serbs weakened, Croats and
Bosniaks worked together in Bosnia taking as much land as they could. Serbs fled to
Serbia and Montenegro. The Americans urged them to stop, as they wanted a peace treaty
to be signed. Peace talks took place in Dayton, Ohio, USA.
The plan was to keep Bosnia and Herzegovina as one country, but divided into two distinct
legal entities: the Bosniak-Croat Federation and the Republika Srpska. After 17 days of negotiating and several redrawn
maps, the peace treaty was finally signed between all parties. This peace treaty which put a stop to the
wars in Yugoslavia, was not quite the end of the violence. In the late 90’s, war broke
out between the Albanian majority in Kosovo, against Serbia, as they seeked their independence.
Backed by NATO, the Kosovo Liberation Army took effective control of Kosovo. The war
ended in 1999 and in 2008, the Republic of Kosovo declared itself an independent nation,
but the situation still remains unresolved to this day. In the year 2000, after the overthrow of Slobodan
Milošević, Serbia and Montenegro gave up on its desire to continue as the sole legal
successor of Yugoslavia, they joined the UN as new member, and in 2003 changed their official
name to the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro. This only last three more years though, because
in 2006, Montenegro passed a narrowly won independence referendum. Yugoslavia was a country that was built on
Brotherhood and Unity, but fell apart from internal struggle and civil war. The country
may not exist anymore but its legacy lives on. Unfortunately, the most prominent memories
from Yugoslavia’s history are the extremely unpleasant ones … but today all of the former
Yugoslav republics are peaceful and prosperous nations. However, with the still unresolved situation
in Kosovo, another war in Balkans is always a possibility. Let’s hope that doesn’t
happen, and that the situation can be resolved peacefully. I’m happy to announce this video has been
sponsored by Audible.com, the leading provider of audiobooks with more than 250,000 titles.
You can get a free audiobook and a 30-day free trial if you sign up at audible.com/wonderwhy,
and that’ll let them know you came from this video, which helps support the channel. The fall of Communism is one of the factors
that led to the breakup of Yugoslavia, and for that reason I’m going to recommend “Revolution
1989” about the fall of the Soviet Union. You can download this audiobook for free,
which is yours to keep even if you don’t continue with the service after the free trial. So I just want to say a massive thank you
to audible.com for sponsoring this video, and thank you for watching.

Only registered users can comment.

  1. During the 1940's close to a million Serbs died thanks to the Croatian government who was blessed by the Catholic church for their acts, on 5/08/1995 200.000+ Serbs were ethnically cleansed from Krajina, the reason the Serbian army stepped in and funded the rebels saving what little Serbs called "Krajina" their home from being slaughtered, get your facts right yes the Serbs aren't angels but please get your facts right, you will fall on your ass what the Serbs went thru in the 90's has never been spoken of by the western media covered up much?

  2. Thank you @Wonderwhy whenever i tried to learn about the Bosnian masscre i ended up with entangled and incomplete information.you taught me in just 17 minuts great informations

  3. I know this has nothing to do with the subject but you sound like a Slavic version of John Travolta.

  4. As anybody who has even glanced at the conflict will know, it is incredibly complicated. However, this isn't helped in this video with the rushed delivery. Why did you edit it together at such speed? Its not badly put together in any other way (save for perhaps glossing over western interests) and wouldn't hurt to be an extra few minutes long for the sake of comprehension.

  5. Its not that simple my friend you really have to study the history of the region before any comment ……The Serbs throughout the ages have been native to Bosnia to now Croatia Dalmatia Kosovo Vojvodina Montenegro …..Tito did well to dismember any Serb dominance after WW2 redrawing borders especially what was Serbian because we were his greatest threat.. thanks to stupid British politics of the time he got his way for 75 years !!!! So don't blame the Serbs for the 90tees uprising !!!!!

  6. Great video, but the countries are not prosperous today I’ll tell you that one… every country in former Yugoslavia is struggling heavily and will never be repaired or be what it use to be….

  7. I think I'd need to watch this 10 times and study this for a couple of weeks to understand Yugoslavia, its origins to its present day situation.

  8. Firstly- Croats DID NOT BURN DOWN SERBIAN HOUSES. Do not tell lies. Those were burned down by chetniks. Same chetniks that told Serbs to "run for their lives, Croats are coming to kill them all". There are endless videos on youtube of fleeing Serbs with smile on their faces.

    Tell me, if someone is in FEAR of death and torture- would that someone CAREFULLY pack all of their stuff and leave in slow fasion as they did? There are dozens of videos where Croatian soldiers stopped and asked Serbs why they are leaving and Serbs WITH A SMILE ON THEIR FACES casually answering- "well, you know…"?!?! Are you kidding me? Is that a normal behavior of the humans that are suffering?

    And please do tell us- who built Serbian houses in Croatia again and GIVE THEM to Serbs?

    STOP LYING!

    The other fact is how there is a lot of EVIDENCE that Serbs were killers and rapist and murderers- and yet no much of evidence that Croats did that shit…Well who would have known- it is like Serbs are telling different story now when cameras were available to public.
    What a disgusting video.

    The other fact is how easily you dropped the fact that Croatia STOPPED at the border. We did not want this war, but the fuck if we did not want the revenge. 700 000 Serbs killed in Srebrenica in WW2? Go fuck yourself… if that were the truth Serbia would be a very different place today. Probably would be called Croatia. But we do not want that. We were forced to fight for our lives- and we won. We won against whole army of Yugosavia, we won because chetniks are cowards and drunks. Useless fighters.

    And today, this very day- they are talking about another war… What a bunch of losers.

  9. You displayed the flag of Ghana, Ghana at that period was an English colony. Ethiopia is the only African country that was a founding member of the non-aligned States.

  10. As a Croatian patriot I thank God for our veterans who fought for our nation, I may have been born after the wars ended but I can still appreciate our war heroes. We are the peace bringers.

  11. The Breakup of Yugoslavia – one of the most beautiful things that happened in human history! Yugoslavia was the country of Evil, made with force and many blood by nationalistic serbian criminals. They dreamed about a Great Serbia, so with help of soviet communists and the Red army they made shitoslavia! RIP a lot of croatian, bulgarian, albanian, slovenian, hungarian heroes, killed by serbian "gestapo" and criminals!

  12. Kosovo,has always been a thorn in yugoslavia's foot,and the historians know it!
    not because I am an Albanian,but all of the uprisings,protests happened in Kosovo region,and from the day that Kosovo was absorbed by the serbs back in 1913,they couldn't keep the Albanians in control!
    for almost a century,the serbs couldn't fully control Kosovo!
    there is a saying(don't know whether it's true or not)that Milosevic was actually happy when he removed JNA troops from Kosovo,claiming like finally it happened!
    I try to be as much as indifferent on this topic,but Kosovo was the first to start attacking serbian policemen and soldiers!
    Albanians were like an untammed horse,that the serbs just couldn't handle.
    the only ones who supported the Albanians,were Slovenians and the Croats!
    Kosovo is a bad nightmare to the serbs,and they know it!
    to this day,Serbia doesn't recognize Kosovo as independent,but deep down,they're happy they don't have to deal with it anyomore!

  13. who break down Yugoslavia USA money and interest, like nazi have his puppet croatia, albania, bulgaria and hungary now America have Croatia, Albania, Bosna and Hercegovina, Montenegro and always big pleyer push little fish to Serbia. Why ? We here have ,, bring the war and rule there "that is politic of America in all country they start war, have a profit of war have a profit of natural reserve in that country……. why do that ? well all nation live good and happy they eat drink only buy but no one really something make food for example they don't have production but they on 1 spot of consumption, always must work for them, they must pay, where comes money appear then? American country give his people ok but if only give them new money it will be inflation than American solders go to another country digging for gold or something more ………… If you think I lie think for youselfs with your own brain

  14. As a Croatian, I'm glad Shitoslavia broke up, 'Brotherhood and Unity' doesn't work. Btw. Happy Croatian Independence day!

  15. Okay but… you know… it would be easier to study European geography if Yugoslavia was still there 😂

  16. I remember Canadian PKO from 1995 to 1999 – it was hell. Not only the condition was hellish but the bureaucratic process of both NATO and UN was just absurd. And even the locals couldn't tell who is the enemy or friend – locals were switching sides on a weekly basis. Things got so bad in Srebrenica that some of the European PKO units simply packed up and left the town during the operation. It was down right comedy.

  17. The video totally misses the banker set up before all this happened. It misleads us into believing the fault lays within Yugoslavia. The war was set up soon after a President Reagan speech that ordered Yugoslavia to be absorbed into the western banking system. The western banks bought the entire G17 Yugoslavian banking system which included all media. All loans were recalled and thousands of businesses went bankrupt overnight. The new banks bought these businesses for pennies on the dollar. Unemployment shot to 60%. The bought media blamed the other guy and the weapons flowed in. Overall, the war was little more than a banker armed robbery.

  18. This video has more comments than views – WonderWhy asshole you don't bring matches to Europe's powder keg, you brought back mayhem in 2016 and it's ongoing LoL

  19. Sve smo ih uništili bili pa pičke pozvale NATO u pomoć. Bosna, Hrvatska i Albanija ne mogu ništa jednoj Srbiji pa zovu u pomoć još 24 države. Pičke bili, pičke ostali!!!

  20. A lot of omitted truths, and narrative that Milosevic and Tudjman would be proud of. It is funny how the portrayal of Bosniaks is, as if they came into existence in 1992, how there is no mention of Bosnian Kingdom at the heart of YU borders – which places them there way before 1890… and by the way who gives a shit about Yugoslavia and Tito in the first place. Bosniaks were oppressed for 120 years under their rule, and deemed non-existent. It's also funny that I do not hear the narrative of Genocide at all. Genocide is not WAR… War is a conflict between two nations… Bosniaks did not attack anyone. No mention of Hague trials and Genocide convictions… I would just have to rest my case here.

  21. The best thing that had happened to us. It was never about brotherhood and love, that country was a failed attempt on building "The great Serbia"

  22. This video barely scratches the surface of what actually happened in the region, and why yugoslavia actually broke up. Especially in the case of Kosova, where he doesn’t mention years of torture toward albanians, ban of language, education and health, hundreds and thousands killed from Serbian military in the region, people being ordered to flee the country basically the ethnic cleansing ideology of Milosevic. Nato intervention happened only later, and many people were killed. You didn’t mention any of that, let alone the situation in croatia, bosnia etc, and somehow you managed to create a 17min video. How?? 🤦🏼‍♂️

  23. I love all the people in the Balkans. We were the most United in Yugoslavia, we needed to nurture a peaceful time. I hope the hate can end one day.

  24. UN safe heaven locations in Bosnia were massivly used by muslim forces to launch attacks against civil Serbian population and as a response, Serbs reacted by brute force and horrible attrocities. No one is mentioning 2900 Serbian civils being sloughtered in Eastern Bosnia and even Serbia itself. The mortar attack on Sarajevo market place was a set up to bleim Serbs and provoke NATO reaction.
    Milosevic was the worst Serbian betrator ever and coused Serbs to believe in unity while he was only thinking of his own armchair. He sold all Serbian efforts to his enemies. The West was wrong destroying Jugoslavia by arming Croatia by the GDR weapons as Germans played major role in building their political muscles over Britain and France after reunification.

    The whole ex jUgoslav territories are historically but NOT ethnically divided and that caused brutall war. How to explain 95% Serbs living in "Croatian" Vukovar and Ilok? The same applies to Kosovo. Territory of BiH was ethnically Serbian as Serbs were mostly farmers having land, while Muslems were mostly populating TOWNS and cities, Tuzla, Zenica as seen from the map. So it was unfair by them to claim what was NOT theirs not to mention the whole BiH to become a muslim state.
    Croats before war treated all Serbs in new Croatia as rejected citizens and ALL Serbs living in SRCroatian territory were SERVED dismisal from their jobs. The pressure on civilians of Serb ethnic background was terrifying – what was left and started? – In Osijek and Vukovar "operation selotejp" and many more killings of Serbian civilians just because they were Serbs. No surprise when Serbs REJECTED being sloughtered in their own homes but hey? Who cares what did Croats BEFORE SERBIAN REVOLT of "barikade war" in 1991. Croatian "liberation army" was created mostly with swastika salutuons and "kill Serbs" slogans EVEN BEFORE WAR STARTED, while KUNA is the money being used in the state of USTASHAS…and all attrocities made in pre-war scenarious on twrritories of STILL JUGOSLAV REPUBLIC of Croatia was a pretex that many Serbs took arms to fight Nazi Croats.
    Unfortunatelly, Milosevic was hopping to this to happen and to use Croatian Nazi past (and present) to flame Serbian nationalism outside Serbia itself.

    Idiots from MONTENEGRO started openly agression against southern Dalmatia destroying and plundering everything on their path. Lately "kapetan Dragan's Knindze" also carried a number of attrocities against croatian people, towns and villiges. Serbs became wild hordes backed by the power of ex Jugoslav army led by bunch of idiotic officirs. The whole Serbian unity collapsed in interim-fights between Bosnian Serb, Srpska Krajina and Milosevic leadership like "who is bigger Serb" where Milosevic became the liest trusted one.
    Bosnian muslems or lately self-called Bosniaks (never existed name) wanted to neglect apparently both the existance of carholics and orthodox christians within BiH and fought strange war of independence employing many mujahedins from Arab and Islamic cunties to have JIHAD by sloughtering christians in Europe. Who is "right" and who wrong in this war?

    I gues, Germans and Americans, weak English and French.
    Firstly, no AVNOJ (war thorn Yugoslavia) borders based on Austro-Hungarian and Otoman previous divisions had to be granted to any NEWLY joined Jugoslav Republics after WW1 (Bosnia, Croatia, Slovenia and Macedonia.
    If the WEST had more understanding for a Serbian question, there would war be avoided. But pushing the largest ex Yu nation into a corner was a mistake and giving right to any anti-Serb nation to do whatever…is not the way to seek peace. Istria was never Croatia nor Dubrovnik Republic. Vojvodina was never Serbian too. Kosovo was never Albania(n). And so on.
    I wish there was never war but when very low profile politicians took power and get empty promises from abroad (Austria and Germany, Italy and the USA), this is what happened. Now LIDL, REIFFEISEN BANK, BAUHAUS, ERSTE, DM, SPAR, and other Austrian, German and Italian companies dominate all in all ex Yugo territories. That was the aim of Germans.

  25. Well now I know how many problems my father had to deal with in Bosnia. My dad was a Belgian officer in Bosnia. After all this my dad did become friends with a Croatian general

  26. The architect of break up of Yugoslavia was Hans Dieter Genscher the fat glutton who had no knowledge of history but was obsessed to destroy Marshall Josip Broz Tito's legacy. But I recall that the united Yugoslavs did teach the German invadors a lesson of their life, thanks to Marshall Tito and his brave partisans who were poorly armed but had hearts of lions. The Germans left 200000 dead there. A defeat for Hitler faschism.

  27. So everyone want to go to war against Serbia but they cant win so they call America on hotline to help them 😂😂😂😂😂😂😂😂

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