The Making of the American Constitution – Judy Walton
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The Making of the American Constitution – Judy Walton

August 26, 2019

Translator: tom carter
Reviewer: Bedirhan Cinar It is the spring of 1787. The Revolutionary War has been over for only six years, and the young United States is still struggling in its infancy. Uprisings, boundary disputes and the lack of a common vision all plague the newborn country. In an effort to steady this precarious ship, the Confederation Congress calls on states to send delegates to the grand Convention, to begin on May 14 in Philadelphia. The delegates must draft revisions to the Articles of Confederation, which would then be considered by the Congress and approved by the states. Under the terms of the Articles, all 13 states had to agree to any changes. Since the purpose of the Convention is just to make recommendations, not everyone is excited about attending, and frankly, some think it’s a waste of time. As men from different parts of the country began to travel down dusty, rugged roads on the way to Philadelphia, not all states send delegates. In fact, Rhode Island never even shows up. On May 14th, only 8 delegates — not states, but individual delegates — are present, so they wait. Finally, on May 25th, the necessary quorum of seven states is acheived. In all, 55 delegates arrive in Philadelphia over the course of the Convention. They are all white males, property owners, and the average age is about 44. Some are slaveholders, some had signed the Declaration of Independence, [James Madison, Roger Sherman] and almost all are well-educated. [Benjamin Franklin] Picture the delegates, James Madison and George Washington among them, sitting in Independence Hall in hot, humid Philadelphia. They’re all wearing the dress of the day: frock coats, high collars and thick pants. They vote to keep their discussions secret to encourage honest debate. But that means the windows are closed, and there is no air conditioning in 1787, not even an electric fan. and they’ll sit in that sweltering heat, in those heavy clothes, for three months. Shockingly, they all keep their vow of secrecy. That could never happen today, not even for an hour-long meeting. Someone would share “James Madison thinks he’s so smart. Keyword: articles are dead” via social media, and the whole thing would be a disaster. But in 1787, there are no leaks. Not even a drip that hints at what they are doing. And what they are doing is nothing short of overthrowing the very government that sent them there. Within a few days, with only a seven-state quorum, and only six of those states agreeing, a handful of men change the course of history. They vote to get rid of the Articles of Confederation, and write a new, more nationalistic document that becomes our Constitution. The risk is immense. Everyone on the outside assumes they were working on recommended revisions to the Articles. It’s an incredible gamble, and even when the Convention presents the signed Constitution on September 17th, not all delegates endorse it. The country will argue and debate for two more years before the document is adopted by the required nine out of 13 states. But instead of punishing them for their deception, today we celebrate the wisdom and vision of those men in Philadelphia.

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  1. While I agree with the provisions set by the Consititution that governs this great nation, it still saddens me that it took over a hundred years before those provision applied to all Americans. (i.e., women and blacks) Independence Day is always bitter sweet for me because I love my country and happy it gained it Independence, but it hard to not think of the millions that were still enslaved during said time.

  2. Interesting. Yes, it would be near impossible to get a document as protective of individual liberties today. If it were re-written now, it might as well start off with "We the Corporations…"

  3. There were no electric fans back then? I didn't know that. Thanks TED for making your videos so informative and not aimed to complete dummies.

  4. If you deceive a child to them eating their vegetables, that is a NECESSARY deception. Else, the child will grow sick and die, from lack of nutrition.

  5. And then came the republicans and with it the lobbyists of the multimillion dollar industries and REVOKED a lot of your peoples rights, without being recognized still. And the funny point here is, those who are unsattisfied with their life and how things are run, STILL VOTE FOR the Republican criminals. GOOD WORK, IDIOTS!!! The country is broke and its all YOUR FAULT!

  6. The phrase "changed the course of history" (in the description) is one my pet peeves. They didn't change the course of history. They made history, yes. But they didn't change it. To do that, you'd need a time machine.

  7. This lacks so many facts, that it might as well not have been told. The bill of rights, originates from England. Like most things do in the American system.

  8. William Penn, The charter of liberties and the English Bill of Rights 1688 which was the culmination of the great revolution that took place. The right to bear arms, the right to free speech and the right to religious freedom can all be traced to these events. And many more. Especially jury nullification with Penn was a part of. This is brief, but I am sure from this you will see some of the real foundations of the American Constitution. Hope this helps 🙂

  9. Color deficient people may have trouble seeing the red on green background. Just a suggestion to help out color deficient people (like me) who love your videos.

  10. Gratitude for the USA Constitution, Gratitude for the American philosophy of freedom of speech and equality of all heritages and individuals. Loving kindness, so much loving kindness for the gifts America has given the world by being a place where people of all cultures can gather peacefully and share and combine our cultures. May our hearts always be full of love. May every american citizen appreciate the beauty of the Sun each day and may it inspire us to do great things. Thank you for the spiritual new age teachings made available in the USA and abroad by people in Mexico, China, Jamaica, Tibet, Zimbabwe, Egypt, Ireland, Brazil, Iran, India, Turkey, Israel, Britain, Switzerland, Madagascar, Native Americans, and all over. Thank you for President Obama, loving kindness for his wisdom and sagacity. Loving kindness for governments who have been inspired by the kindness and virtue of the USA's style and sought to be like it allowing more freedom and democracy. Gratitude for the hippie tradition in america. Loving kindness for the young politician Gabe Schwartzman, a hippie/activist supporting environmentalism and capitalism who I grew up with, may the new generation of politicians in the USA be as good as and better than those who preceded them. Loving kindness for America

  11. You can tell I play minecraft too much when I notice a minecraft noise at 1:17, specifically an old noise in minecraft beta when you entered water.

  12. i'm not even joking when i say i came here because of Hamilton and wanted to be properly educated as to what they wrote the Federalist Papers over

  13. Yo, I had no idea the creation of the Constitution of the United States was done in a such a shady fashion. Our founding fathers were gangster!

  14. THE United States over through the original America Constitution. The men George Washington etc are not white they are Europeans. The Moors status is white.

  15. If you have a Democratic socialist country, only socialist candidates could stand, right. If Texas chose free market politicians and the state went capitalist, and reinstated the constitution, when they are wealthy again and the rest of the country is jailing dissidents and lining up for food, wouldn’t they think ‘maybe that was a bad idea’? Seams to me that socialists project their own failures onto the system…

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