The 9th Amendment. The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people. So the Ninth Amendment is, from my perspective, the most important amendment in the Bill of Rights. Amendment 9 in the Bill of Rights is, for Madison and for many of the Federalists, the most important one, because it says, if we left something out, if we didn’t make explicit every right that the citizen has, this covers that. So, this is the kind of umbrella amendment. It says we can’t infringe upon a right just because we forgot to mention it in the Bill of Rights. The Ninth Amendment is directly responsive to the concern that James Madison and others had in opposing a Bill of Rights in the first place. They did not want to say to the American people, This is it. All you get is what is in the Bill of Rights. What the Ninth Amendment tried to do was say that there are other rights that you are going to enjoy that may not be enumerated in the Constitution.