The Treaty of Versailles, What Did the Big Three Want? 1/2
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The Treaty of Versailles, What Did the Big Three Want? 1/2

November 17, 2019

The Treaty of Versailles, 1919 World War I officially came to an end with the signing of the Treaty of Versailles on June 28, 1919. 32 countries had come together in Paris in January 1919 to hold a conference which would make peace after the First World War. It would be dominated by the big three: David Lloyd George representing Britain; Georges Clemenceau representing France; and Woodrow Wilson representing the USA. Germany was not invited. The Big Three wanted different things for Germany and disagreed on how harshly they were to be punished reflecting how their countries were treated in the war. They had to negotiate with each other until there was a compromise. This was difficult because Wilson was opposed to harsh punishment for Germany. The USA had not been involved in the war as long as Britain and France and had not received as much damage. He wanted to prevent another world war by creating the league of nations based on his fourteen points to ensure Germany would not be destroyed and that Germany shouldn’t be blamed for the war. Clemenceau aims were the harshest of the three — representing the damage Germany had done to France’s land and people and its threatening proximity. He wanted revenge and to punish Germany to return Alsace Lorraine to France, an independent Rhineland, no league of nations, Germany to pay huge reparations for the damage and losses caused, the disbandment of the German Army so that Germany would never be strong enough to attack France again. Lloyd George was an in-between. This reflected Britain which had little land damage, but high war losses. He wanted a punishment that would be tough enough to please those who wanted to make Germany pay, but would leave Germany strong enough to still trade, land for Britain’s Empire to safeguard Britain’s naval supremacy. When the Treaty of Versailles was ready, Germany was shown the document, but there was no negotiation, their rebuttal ignored. On 28th June 1919 the Delegates met at the Hall of Mirrors in the Palace of Versailles near Paris and forced two German representatives to sign it. See part 2 to learn what the terms of the Treaty of Versailles were and the devastating effects it would have for the future of Germany. Watch our other videos to learn more. Get your copy of Simple History — World War I available on Amazon now.

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  1. The British and French couldve been a lot more reasonable then punishing Germany and making them guilty for starting a war they didn't

  2. In fact, Clemenceau was not this extreme. He was even disaccording with the president, Poincaré who wanted to follow the war far more in the german lands.
    Poincaré fought his whole life to make germany pay its war indemnities (that will never be paid : when he decided to occupy ruhr to make them do it, the british blocked french money and made France stop its politics), when Clemenceau was called "father victory"…
    Alsace Lorraine had been taken in 1871 and France paid a big amount of money for its defeat. It was not so far for these people…

  3. Karma on france did t lisen in woodrow willsons ways to avoid another ww2 so too hot heat boom ww2 u had been sufferd hard juring german ocupation so harsh and hot heat of france i m sorry but for my view the deserved had come in ww2

  4. If they went along with Britain and the USA’s idea we probably would not have to deal with WW2 because Adolf Hitler would not be angry about Germany’s shame. He wanted to get Germany a better economy and return Germany to there former glory before world war 1. So I’m not saying it is all Frances fault but it might be there fought just a bit.

  5. I've never understood why Germany was forced to accept 100% of the blame, they also suffered huge economic, military and civillian losses

  6. Treaty of Peace with Germany 1919:

    Reservations :

  7. The treaty of Versailles essentially made Hitler into power which caused WW2 and the holocaust. What a waste of life

  8. Germany: gets rekked by treaty of versailles
    Austria: is ok
    Germany: wait this operation was your idea

  9. Let the Versailles treaty serve as a good history lesson folks.

    If you push people to their limits, they will come back to hate you even more than ever.

    I agree with David Lloyd George's proposal. Germany should be punished for invading neutral Belgium. But they shouldn't be punished that hard that Germany will never recover from the war unless someone with a terrible moustache starts exploiting the jews for an economic boom.

  10. I hate france the most,because France was attack my country is Vietnam🇻🇳🇻🇳.I hate you France🤛🤛🤛😡😡😡😡😡😡

  11. Everyone feels sympathy for Germany, but everyone seems to neglect the fact that AH was literally dismantled. They easily could’ve done the same for Germany

  12. I‘d let Germany keep 450.000 soldiers
    Not a strong Air Force
    I wouldn‘t give german territory to other countries
    I‘d let France use a few German territories for coal.
    I‘d let Germany pay just a bit for the destructions they did.

  13. The treaty seems so unfair until you look at what Germany had planned, the treaty that they imposed on Russia in 1918, treaty of brest-litvosk was arguably far harsher, As well as this Germanys economic problems were self-inflicted throughout the war they had not raised taxes like other leaders, instead they planned to win and harshly tax and take money from the losing countries, Germanys concern from its damaged pride was clearly ironic when, if they would of won, they would treat the allies without a smidge of respect.

  14. I think one lesson I have learnt from all of these world war events, is the extent to which anger, bitterness, hatred and revenge can push you.

  15. I agree with Woodrow Wilson. Germany shouldn't Be blamed for the war, Serbia and Austria Hungary started it, and that Austria hungary must be blamed

  16. They were stupid and they did second world war, and doing tensions between central European countries, for example Hungary and unjustice Trianon.

  17. Germany was provocative and undoubtedly played a role in the development of the war state, but the Allies took practically no pragmatic steps to ensure that conflict never broke out. All "attempts" were half-assed. Britain and France wanted to remain the two major European powers in the West, not wanting another one up-and-coming. The British were less itching than the French for a fight (as the French are in continental Europe), but were not averse to a conflict; after all, the Germans threatened British colonialism in Africa, potentially in the Middle East, as well as naval dominance in the North Sea and Atlantic (see Anglo-German Naval Arms Race). As for the French, the Franco-German enmity was extremely alive and well after Germany had unified into a single nation following the Franco-Prussian War and subsequent annexation of Alsace-Lorraine. Due to this mutual agreement by former enemies that Germany could not be permitted to become a power, an alliance was born between them that came to include the Eastern European powerhouse of Russia (the Triple Entente). Germany understandably felt isolated and closed-in, as geographically they were, by notable forces on both sides. Some might even view it as a provocation. The German view is thus somewhat misrepresented here. WW1 was all about individual nations protecting their own interests, and Germany posed enough of a threat to the Entente's interests that one could speculate that an eventual war would've broken out between them and the Central Powers anyway, with the Allies inciting the conflict. This is speculative, but is not out of the realm of possibility. For Germany, they saw it as an inevitable war, because they understood how much of a threat they posed to Britain and France in the first place. They decided that if such a war were to occur, it'd best occur earlier, as the Imperial German Army was as ready as it was going to be in relation to their opponents.

    Also, Germany was put entirely to blame for WW1 because the other two Central Powers had disintegrated following its solution, and Germany was the real target in the first place.

  18. Europe: leave Prussia alone
    Germany becomes a thing and causes a war
    Europe: leaves a defeated Germany alone
    Germany: starts another war

  19. Iam curious tho: what if Germany had outright refused to sign the treaty because of its harsh conditions and the war went back on?

  20. Russia, France, and Great Britain were responsible for escalating what would have been a just small war between Austro-Hungary against Serbia into to a World War.

  21. Treart of Versailles was too lenient imo,mit should have separated Germany into different nation states because a unified Germany is too powerful

  22. I share my birthday with this historical event. I'm born on the 28th June, 2003 and The Treaty of Versailles was signed on 28th June 1919.

  23. The discussions post ww2 are more interesting, due to france being taken iver and eventually helping the germans, when the war ended the USA said france should be treated as a conquered enemy by Uk and USA just as we treated germany which wiuld mean france would be carved up for a time but the British empire said no to UsA and said it should be treated as a liberated nation

  24. Serbia: kill Franz
    Austria-Hungary: attack Serbia
    German Empire: supports its ally
    The World: Germany is responsible for WWI
    Me: 😐

  25. Let's be Frank Austria Hungary and ottoman suffered the most as these two nation had it's own nation fragmented while Germany still able have its homelands intact

  26. The messed up thing here is that the Germans were never beaten. They chose to surrender willingly despite having the edge in the war.

  27. i can just imagine what germany was like during the time in between the end of the war and the signing of the treaty of versailles i imagine them being like "oh crap what are they gonna do to us"

  28. So…if france didn't had all those ideas to destroy germany and the US or britan took most of those actions…
    Would happen another war???

  29. 1. Serbia kils Franz Ferdinand
    2. Austria-Hungary attacks Serbia when they don't apologize well enough
    3. Germany supports its ally and tells Russia to stop mobilizing their army, they don't listen and Germany declares war on Russia.
    4. Germany tells France to not interfere with the war but France ignores it and Germany declares war on France.
    5. Germany attacks Belgium (Von Schlieffenplan)
    6. Britain, who had a good relationship with Belgium and was France's ally, declares war on Germany

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