Three political parties strongly pushing for early constitutional amendment
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Three political parties strongly pushing for early constitutional amendment

September 16, 2019

The debate over constitiuonal revision has
been resurfacing since the outbreak of the corruption scanal involving President Park. Our Ji Myung-kil zooms in on Korea’s three
political parties that support the move to limit presidential powers. The ruling Liberty Korea Party and the splinter
conservative Bareun Party on Friday adopted as their official stances… support for revising
Korea’s Constitution before the presidential election to be held some time this year. The minor opposition People’s Party joined
the call for revision, promising to push forward with the constitutional amendment to build
a more resilient democracy. The three parties in favor of a pre-election
amendment said they hope to expand citizens’ rights, decentralize power to local governments
and support balanced regional growth. The three parties have also leaned towards
a semi-presidential system… under which the president would be responsible for foreign
and national security affairs while the prime minister would be responsible for domestic
affairs. The other two options are a four-year, two-term
presidency like the U.S. or a parliamentary system. “There’s a broad consensus among Korea’s politicians
on the need to change the current five-year, single-term presidency, which they say gives
the chief executive unbridled power.” However, the main opposition Democratic Party
of Korea opposes an early amendment citing a lack of time and called on the three parties
to focus more on content of the Constitution rather than speed. Moon Jae-in, the Democratic Party’s former
leader and a potential presidential candidate is reluctant to change the power structure
before the vote. Calls to change the system have been made
for years, but they gained new impetus from the power abuse and influence-peddling scandal
involving President Park Geun-hye and her close friend Choi Soon-sil. Ji Myung-kil, Arirang News.

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