Two Koreas await long journey from an armistice to a peace treaty
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Two Koreas await long journey from an armistice to a peace treaty

November 22, 2019


The successful inter-Korean summit has led
many to hope that the two Koreas can finally sign a peace treaty to formally end the Korean
War. But with other parties involved in the signing
of the original Armistice Agreement, signing a peace treaty may be more difficult than
it seems. Kim Mok-yeon reports. At the 2018 inter-Korean summit last month,
South Korean President Moon Jae-in and his North Korean counterpart Kim Jong-un declared
to the world that there will be no more war on the Korean Peninsula, reaffirming their
willingness to head towards a new era of peace. In the Panmunjom declaration, the two leaders
vowed to officially declare the end of the Korean War by the end of this year and work
to replace the current 65-year-long armistice with a peace treaty. However, this needs not just the approval
of the two Koreas, but also of the other parties involved in the original armistice agreement. In 1953, the Korean War had been temporarily
halted with an armistice agreement, which was signed by representatives from the U.S.-led
United Nations command, China and North Korea. But it wasn’t signed by a representative from
South Korea, as then-President Rhee Syng-man opposed the idea. As so, the two Koreas need the approval of
the other two signatories in order to sign a peace treaty which signals the beginning
of exchanges and cooperation in various sectors. Many experts expect the process to first begin
with a declaration of the end of the war between the two Koreas, which will be followed by
the participation of the U.S., and finally the signing of the peace treaty together with
the U.S. and China. With a long journey awaiting the two neighbors,
it seems like the key to achieving prosperity and peace on the peninsula will depend on
how the signatories judge the North Korean leader’s words, especially on his willingness
to denuclearize. Kim Mok-yeon, Arirang News.

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  1. What does peace consist of? Is Kim going to allow freedom to his own people? Of coarse not, he has always had complete control whether his people will be free or not, and he's decided they won't be.

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