USA Vs India (Parliamentary Vs Presidential) | Whose Democracy is better | Eclectic
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USA Vs India (Parliamentary Vs Presidential) | Whose Democracy is better | Eclectic

November 19, 2019

Diversity a word that perfectly describes
India, Its Culture and Indian way of Life. In the last Episode of these series, we discussed
the whole Indian Parliament. We learned that because of the cultural diversity
India adopted Parliamentary System and Now in the first few minutes we are going to a
compare Presidential and Parliamentary form of Government by taking America and India
as our Examples. then some advantages and Disadvantages of
having a Parliamentary System and what is wrong with the Indian parliament. In the end, I am going to tell you an interesting
fact about the Indian Voters and their Psychology. So make sure you stay with me until the end. So hi guys this is Pratik and You are watching
Eclectic. In the Parliamentary system executive is responsible to the legislature
while in Presidential Executive is not responsible to the legislature. In parliamentary Executive means, Prime Minister
and his Council Of Minister and Legislature mean two parliamentary houses upper house
which is Rajya Sabha) and lower House which is Lok Sabha. In the Presidential System, the President
is Executive and legislature in America means two chambers of the United States Congress. In the parliamentary system, Prime Minister
is responsible to assembly. Member of Parliament can question Prime Minister and
his council of ministers regarding their policies and governance. But in Presidential system President of United
States in Not responsible to the legislature. United States Congress cant influence president’s
decisions. In a parliamentary system, if the Parliament
does not like Prime minister, Members of Parliament can cast a vote of non-confidence against Prime Minister to replace him. Whereas in the Presidential system members
of United States Congress cannot replace President unless the president commits a grave unconstitutional
mistake or takes any decision which is against the constitution. The procedure of removing the President is
known as the Impeachment of the President but it is very unlikely to happen. There are only two impeached presidents in the History of United States The first one is Andrew Johnson in 1868 He
was accused of violating an act. Second one Bill Clinton in 1998 for having
an extramarital affair in the White House. Bill Clinton later had to apologize for his
behavior. In parliamentary voter’s citizens, people
elect their representatives and send them to Lok Sabha and Lok Sabha appoints the Prime
Minister. The political party, which has a majority
in Lok Sabha appoints Prime Minister and forms Government. In presidential System, The president is directly
elected by Voters. That’s why replacing him is very difficult
because The president is the choice of people. Presidential System is not good for wide representation
whereas the parliamentary system is good for wide representation. Now that the comparison is over. Let us talk about the advantages and the Disadvantages
of having a Parliamentary system. Let us start with the disadvantages. Because there are more disadvantages than
advantages and that is the rising concern of India. first Instability An unstable government. There is no guarantee that the government
can survive for five years. If they lose the majority in Lok Sabha then
it is over for them. Non-confidence motion can be passed against
them and if non-confidence motion gets enough votes prime minister has to dissolve the government. And the evilest is a multiparty coalition
in Hindi Mahagathbandhan. If some political party leaves the coalition,
then again government can be taken down. Next one Slow decision making. Decision-making is very slow. Lok Sabha then Rajya Sabha. Sometimes bills and policies just travel round
and round again and again in Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha. It happens mostly when there is a multiparty
coalition. Forming a Government by taking so many regional
political parties together is a bad government. It is very bad for the development of a Country. Let me explain you how. They all make the decision-making process
slow and difficult. Every Political Party has a different ideology,
different agenda, and different self-interests. All these parties clash with each other when
it comes to decision-making. They also threaten to leave the coalition
in order to take down the current Government. Now third but very important. Government by Amateurs and even sometimes
by Uneducated People. Yes, there are Ministers and members of parliament
who have not even completed their higher secondary or Primary Education. It becomes very bad for Country when these
people become Cabinet Ministers. For the development of Country, ministers
should be experts in their respective fields or ministry they are handling. For example, the Agriculture minister must
be well educated in the field of Agriculture. Limited Choices for the Prime Minister. Yes, Prime Minister has to choose ministers
from candidates who won the election and are members of Parliament. He can’t choose a scholar economist from
the country as his Finance Minister. He can only choose from available options. But President of United States can appoint
the best Economist available in Country as Secretary of Finance or Secretary of Treasury. President can even fire him if He does not
work properly. So these were the Disadvantages. These can be bad for country’s future if not
handled properly. So now advantages what are those- Wide representation. As I already told you India has so many cultural
differences among states and union territories. Parliamentary System ensures that everyone
gets equal opportunity in Politics and in Government. Responsible Government and Collective Responsibility
Yes in Parliamentary System, you get a government, which is more responsible for its actions
and decisions. All ministers, Members of Parliament and Prime
minister work together with each other. Everyone has a voice and chance to speak in
the parliamentary form. Now it is the time to tell you one interesting
Fact about Psychology of Indian Voters. India follows parliamentary system but Indian
voters behave like American Voters as if it is a presidential form of Government. First, see how Shashi Tharoor talks about So yes in India, if people
want Narendra Modi to become Prime minister they vote for BJP candidate and elect him
as their representative. In another case, if they want Rahul Gandhi
to become prime minister they vote for Congress candidate. But this is not really Good for development. We all should choose or elect a candidate
who is a good representative of his people and his region or a constituency. Comment down below your views about this let
us see what people of India think about this issue. Thinking and expressing a thought on the future
of your Country is good for the Nation. Do you know how central Government and State
Government work together In India? How they Co-Ordinate with each other. What is Vidhaan Sabha and what is Indian Federalism. That discussion is in the next episode of
How India works? Thank You all very much see you soon

Only registered users can comment.

  1. Are indirect saying that all should vote for Modi instead of Mahagathabandhan and Congress. Because multiparty coalition is weak and ineffective.

  2. The evilest is the multiparty coalition 😂😂🤣🤣🤣😂🤣😂😂🤣😂😂🤣😂😂🤣😂😂🤣🤣

  3. Bro, if people select MP and MLA based on candidate profile then how they will form government with majority??? Suppose in all the constituency independent candidate wins means what will happen????

  4. Any member of parliament from Party have to vote in line with his party even if he dislike the candidates so parliamentary system failed here

  5. Even if member of parliament is representative of some part but prime minister is the representative of india so if we think about india then we should think about election of prime minister not only for region where we live
    Think about it !!!!

  6. A very mediocre explanation of the differences between the 2 systems, although there were some crucial points covered like the fact that the constituent people choose unfit candidates as their MPs in order to see a particular individual win a prime ministerial position in a parliamentary republic. And not even wholly accurate. The US president is elected, not directly by the citizens, but through an electoral college. A very important distinction between other presidential republics and the US. Secondly, the executive branch is not wholly unaccountable to the legislative. The US congress can summon a bureaucrat or even a secretary of a department for questioning. A federal officer can be held in contempt of US congress and questioned by the members of its oversight committee. Another thing you should have brought up is the fact that there is a much frequent rotation in office of legislative branch compared to parliamentary system because the lower chamber of US congress undergoes a complete change as well as 1/3rd of senate (upper chamber of congress) midway through a president's 4 yr. term in office. Through Something known as midterm elections. So, if an individual from party A holds the presidency and party A also happens to hold the House-chamber of Congress, this may not necessarily be true 2 yrs later during the midterm elections, so that party B can go on to hold the house majority and maybe gain some senators in the senate as well during shuffling of the 1/3rd senate seats. Now that the congress becomes more in control under part B, the preseident of party A will be more restrained and accountable.

  7. Brother you said that prime minister has limited Choice for selecting a minister as he has to select from an elected member..but this time he appointed s. Jaishankar as his foreign minister??.. He did't contested parliamentery election?

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