Press the Bell icon to never miss a video from Testbook.com! Hello Friends & Welcome to this video! In the previous video, we talked about the types of elections being conducted in India, In this video, we will be talking about the process of voting in elections, in India. How does India vote? Let’s get started! There are two basic ways to vote EVM & Ballot Paper. First of all, we will talk about EVM i.e. Electronic Voting Machine. Let’s start with EVM. The first Indian EVM was invented in 1980 and it was designed by M.B Hanifa On 15th October, 1980, it was given the name of Electronically operated vote the counting machine After this, in the year 1989, Election Commission of India, with the help of Bharat Electronics Limited and Electronics Commission of India Ltd. started manufacturing EVM in India. For the very first time, EVM was used in India in 1992 in by-election to Kerala’s North Paravur Assembly Constituency After this, for the Lok Sabha Elections in the year 1988, many constituencies used EVM. And after the year 2004, EVM has been used for all of the Lok Sabha Elections. One EVM can record atleast 3840 votes can be recorded and can register atleast the names of 64 candidates. Via EVM, you can vote for your favorite candidate only once After voting, these votes get stored automatically and remain saved for more than 10 years. An Indian EVM can be used for atleast 15 years So this was a brief information regarding EVM. Now we will be talking about Ballot Paper. Ballot Paper is used for voting. In this you mark the name and respective party of your favorite candidate and put it in the Ballot Box. Ballot Paper was used for the first time in Rome in 139 BC. In 920 AD, EVM was used in the Tamil Nadu region of India. In Tamil Nadu, Palm leaves were used in the election for Vidhan Sabha which is also known as kudavolai system. These were few basic uses of Ballot Paper but in India, before the year 2004, elections were conducted using Ballot Paper only. This was started in Netherlands and even today, elections are still being conducted using Ballot Paper in a lot of regions. Apart from this, countries believing in Technology, America, has also considered Ballot Paper apt for elections. Countries like UK, France, Australia as well as Japan prefer Ballot Paper for elections. These countries believe that any hacking or damage in EVM’s can be affect the overall election result, and the transparency of elections can also get affected. And this is the reason, as the elections are coming closer many political parties are demanding to use Ballot Paper in the elections. What is your opinion about this, do let us know in the comment section below! How did you find this video, do let us know! Share this video with your friends. Thank you for watching this video & All The Best for your Exams.