What Power Does The Queen Have? In the United Kingdom, we live in something called a constitutional monarchy. This means the queen is like an icon, a representative of our nation, but she doesn’t have any direct power over us. Instead, laws are made and decisions taken by an elected group of people in the houses of parliament, known as Members of Parliament or MP’s. So what does the queen do? The Queen is the head of state, meaning every Bill that is voted through parliament has to be approved by her, to become law. However, the last time the monarchy refused to approve an Act of Parliament was over 300 years ago. So the Queen is a symbol of our nation, she represents the United Kingdom on state visits, and although she is the Head of State, decisions regarding the way the country is run falls to the democratic process. It has been this way since the 17th century. Before this, the monarchy had the power to make and pass laws over everyone in the country. Back then Parliament was there primarily to advise the monarchy and had little power in the running of the country. This was changed after the Civil war, when people came to realize one person should not decide for everyone in the country, equal representation was needed. Thanks for watching and please like and subscribe.