Which countries still have monarchies? | Did You Know?
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Which countries still have monarchies? | Did You Know?

September 21, 2019


Queen Elizabeth II is perhaps the best-known
monarch in the world. Not only is she Queen of the United Kingdom and Australia, but she’s
head of state of 16 Commonwealth realms in total. But, did you know there are 29 sovereigns
across more than 40 countries in the world today? That equates to 22 per cent of the 193 member
states in the United Nations. And stay tuned, because one of these is especially
unusual in its structure, and involves an elected president from one of the world’s
major democracies! So where do these monarchies exist? Let’s firstly look at Queen Elizabeth who
reigns over the vast majority. Aside from the United Kingdom and Australia,
she’s also head of state of Canada and New Zealand, as well as several countries in the
Asia Pacific and Caribbean. Queen Elizabeth has the title of longest-reigning
living monarch, having taken the throne in 1952. Hers is a constitutional monarchy, a form
of monarchy where the sovereign is Head of State, but an elected parliament exercises
political power. Along with Queen Elizabeth’s realms, there
are 30-odd other countries with monarchs as head of state. Among the constitutional monarchies are Belgium,
Sweden (which is one of the few that allows female succession), Spain, the Netherlands,
which includes three island countries in the Caribbean, Luxembourg, which is a dukedom,
and Denmark, which also includes Greenland and the Faroe Islands. There’s also Monaco, a principality headed
by Prince Albert II. The House of Grimaldi has ruled Monaco – with some interruptions
– since 1297, and while Prince Albert is a constitutional monarch, he wields
considerable political power. Liechtenstein is another principality. Its
ruler, Prince Hans Adam II’s powers were increased following a referendum on his proposed
new constitution in 2003. He has the power to veto any law and can dismiss the government
or any minister. Japan has been in the news lately and is home
to the world’s oldest continuing hereditary monarchy, established in 660 BC. The imperial
family is going through a big year this year with Emperor Akihito voluntarily abdicating
and his son taking on the role. I sincerely pray for the happiness of the people and the further development of the nation, as well as the peace of the world. Malaysia is interesting in that its kings
are not born to rule, but are elected instead. They’re elected to a five-year term from
the rulers of nine of Malaysia’s states, who form the Conference of Rulers. In January,
King Sultan Muhammad V abdicated after just two years on the throne. It was reported he
had secretly married a Russian former Miss Moscow. Tonga became a constitutional monarchy in
1875 but its origins go back much further, to the 10th century. While the country is
one of six monarchies in Oceania, it’s the only sovereign indigenous monarchy. Over to Thailand and its monarchy converted
to a constitutional-style in 1932 following a coup. The king’s power is exercised through
the prime minister and parliament and the monarch is treated as a near-divine being.
Thailand’s new king, who ascended the throne in 2016, was formally crowned in an elaborate
three-day coronation this year. Bhutan’s current king is the only monarch
in the world who has given up power without any influence or pressure. Prior to 2008,
he ruled as an absolute monarch. The boundary between constitutional and absolute
monarchies becomes blurred in Kuwait and Qatar, which are set up as constitutional monarchies,
but in practice operate as absolute monarchies. Bahrain, Jordan and Morocco are similar. The
rulers of each hold vast legislative powers, including commanding the military. The United Arab Emirates is a federation of
hereditary absolute monarchies. It’s governed by the Federal Supreme Council made up of
seven emirs and while the Presidency and prime ministership are elected, they’re essentially
hereditary – the Emir of Abu Dhabi holds the presidency and the Emir of Dubai is prime
minister. There are five other absolute monarchies existing
today including Saudi Arabia, Oman, Swaziland in Africa and Brunei in south-east Asia. Fun
fact – Brunei’s head of state is said to live in the world’s largest private residence
– an 1800-room palace. Vatican City, the world’s smallest state,
is the last of these absolute monarchies. Its sovereign is the Pope, who is also head
of the global Catholic Church – an elected position, which makes this a rare case of
an absolute, non-hereditary, elective monarchy. And if that wasn’t unusual enough, we finally
come to the strange set-up mentioned earlier in this video – Andorra. Officially the
Principality of Andorra, it’s a diarchy – headed by two Princes. One of whom is
the President of France! While we’ve focussed on the sovereign heads
of state in this video, there are other forms of monarchy when you start to include regional
or religious heads, like the Zulu King, who’s territory lies within the Republic of South
Africa.

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  1. Trailer trash detests a mythical "deep state" only to thirst after a king like deceiver like TRUMPUTIN.

  2. The Australian and Papua New Guinean Military swear allegiance to the Queen. I'm guessing other countries do too.

  3. Imagine being the English monarch and not exerting any power whatsoever. Do something try and save your country!

  4. The truly unrepresentative swill don't sit in a red room in Canberra, they sit in castles on the other side of the world.

  5. European monarchies have been under sustained attack since the 18th century. Guess who organised and financed these attacks?

  6. Solomonic Davidac Dynasty the Ethiopian Coronation H.I.M. Haile Selassie I. crowned with his Empress as King of Kings according to the bible repping King Alpha & Queen Omega. Selah

  7. The whole world would be a deep state monarchy if the new British empire had its way, actually we are closer now, anyone heard of J.A ?

  8. I'm British and just found out that Queen Elizabeth is Australia's queen too….. Should've figured that out.

  9. The video didn't mention Norway, Cambodia and Lesotho, nor the fact that Malaysia is a federation of hereditary monarchs like the United Arab Emirates.

  10. Some very odd statements. Sweden is one of the few to allow female succession? What?
    How about Australia and the other 16 Commonwealth realms? Belgium? The Netherlands – which had three queens in a row? Thailand? Norway? Denmark? Spain? Luxembourg? Monaco?
    Many more current monarchies allow female succession than do not.

  11. https://www.news.com.au/national/federal-election/australias-most-trusted-politician-is-new-zealand-prime-minister-jacinda-ardern/news-story/1e8dde03e31c0f9ffce2f83cae64c476

    just saying

  12. those in which they exude calmness, and, poise].. (American English 'and' meaning also, and with a touch of the occasional lighthearted and/und/y/u/et the most subtle of marriage humor)

  13. HMMMMMM    !!!THEY ARE NOT REAL   !! THEY ARE ALL  MUSEUM PIECES    !!HOWEVER,   IN THE U.K.   BECAUSE OF ITS PAST HISTORY !!   ( ANCIENT)  !!PERHAP'S ,    MAY BE  OTHER COUNTRIES  TOO   !!I MY VIEW THEY DO NOT  FIT IN THIS MODERN SOCIETY     !!!!THEY LIVE ON THE SALARIES OF THE "  PEASANTS"   !!FROM  (U.K.).

  14. I'm a supervisor in Walmart. I was elected to my position (promotion) and I yield significant power so much so that I have a special keycard which grants me access to an employee only area. Whilst I don't have the authority to fire an employee I am in a position to where I can get discounts on my groceries.

  15. Republican movements in Commonwealth countries and Western and Northern Europe promote a solution in search of a problem. Western constitutional monarchies are the envy of the world – despite their unelected heads of state. Don’t change a system that works. Carry on and save energy to tackle real problems.

  16. I feel people forget that constitutional Monarchies don’t mean they’re powerless it just means all the power is Derived from the constitution

  17. why they didn’t mention Spain?, do they have any biased issues about Spain?, poor journalism…

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